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//! The Rust AST Visitor. Extracts useful information and massages it into a form
//! usable for `clean`.

use rustc_data_structures::fx::FxHashSet;
use rustc_hir as hir;
use rustc_hir::def::{DefKind, Res};
use rustc_hir::def_id::{DefId, DefIdMap, LocalDefId, LocalDefIdSet};
use rustc_hir::{Node, CRATE_HIR_ID};
use rustc_middle::ty::{DefIdTree, TyCtxt};
use rustc_span::def_id::{CRATE_DEF_ID, LOCAL_CRATE};
use rustc_span::symbol::{kw, sym, Symbol};
use rustc_span::Span;

use std::mem;

use crate::clean::{cfg::Cfg, AttributesExt, NestedAttributesExt};
use crate::core;

/// This module is used to store stuff from Rust's AST in a more convenient
/// manner (and with prettier names) before cleaning.
#[derive(Debug)]
pub(crate) struct Module<'hir> {
    pub(crate) name: Symbol,
    pub(crate) where_inner: Span,
    pub(crate) mods: Vec<Module<'hir>>,
    pub(crate) def_id: LocalDefId,
    // (item, renamed, import_id)
    pub(crate) items: Vec<(&'hir hir::Item<'hir>, Option<Symbol>, Option<LocalDefId>)>,
    pub(crate) foreigns: Vec<(&'hir hir::ForeignItem<'hir>, Option<Symbol>)>,
}

impl Module<'_> {
    pub(crate) fn new(name: Symbol, def_id: LocalDefId, where_inner: Span) -> Self {
        Module {
            name,
            def_id,
            where_inner,
            mods: Vec::new(),
            items: Vec::new(),
            foreigns: Vec::new(),
        }
    }

    pub(crate) fn where_outer(&self, tcx: TyCtxt<'_>) -> Span {
        tcx.def_span(self.def_id)
    }
}

// FIXME: Should this be replaced with tcx.def_path_str?
fn def_id_to_path(tcx: TyCtxt<'_>, did: DefId) -> Vec<Symbol> {
    let crate_name = tcx.crate_name(did.krate);
    let relative = tcx.def_path(did).data.into_iter().filter_map(|elem| elem.data.get_opt_name());
    std::iter::once(crate_name).chain(relative).collect()
}

pub(crate) fn inherits_doc_hidden(tcx: TyCtxt<'_>, mut node: LocalDefId) -> bool {
    while let Some(id) = tcx.opt_local_parent(node) {
        node = id;
        if tcx.is_doc_hidden(node.to_def_id()) {
            return true;
        }
    }
    false
}

// Also, is there some reason that this doesn't use the 'visit'
// framework from syntax?.

pub(crate) struct RustdocVisitor<'a, 'tcx> {
    cx: &'a mut core::DocContext<'tcx>,
    view_item_stack: LocalDefIdSet,
    inlining: bool,
    /// Are the current module and all of its parents public?
    inside_public_path: bool,
    exact_paths: DefIdMap<Vec<Symbol>>,
}

impl<'a, 'tcx> RustdocVisitor<'a, 'tcx> {
    pub(crate) fn new(cx: &'a mut core::DocContext<'tcx>) -> RustdocVisitor<'a, 'tcx> {
        // If the root is re-exported, terminate all recursion.
        let mut stack = LocalDefIdSet::default();
        stack.insert(CRATE_DEF_ID);
        RustdocVisitor {
            cx,
            view_item_stack: stack,
            inlining: false,
            inside_public_path: true,
            exact_paths: Default::default(),
        }
    }

    fn store_path(&mut self, did: DefId) {
        let tcx = self.cx.tcx;
        self.exact_paths.entry(did).or_insert_with(|| def_id_to_path(tcx, did));
    }

    pub(crate) fn visit(mut self) -> Module<'tcx> {
        let mut top_level_module = self.visit_mod_contents(
            CRATE_DEF_ID,
            self.cx.tcx.hir().root_module(),
            self.cx.tcx.crate_name(LOCAL_CRATE),
            None,
        );

        // `#[macro_export] macro_rules!` items are reexported at the top level of the
        // crate, regardless of where they're defined. We want to document the
        // top level rexport of the macro, not its original definition, since
        // the rexport defines the path that a user will actually see. Accordingly,
        // we add the rexport as an item here, and then skip over the original
        // definition in `visit_item()` below.
        //
        // We also skip `#[macro_export] macro_rules!` that have already been inserted,
        // it can happen if within the same module a `#[macro_export] macro_rules!`
        // is declared but also a reexport of itself producing two exports of the same
        // macro in the same module.
        let mut inserted = FxHashSet::default();
        for export in self.cx.tcx.module_reexports(CRATE_DEF_ID).unwrap_or(&[]) {
            if let Res::Def(DefKind::Macro(_), def_id) = export.res {
                if let Some(local_def_id) = def_id.as_local() {
                    if self.cx.tcx.has_attr(def_id, sym::macro_export) {
                        if inserted.insert(def_id) {
                            let item = self.cx.tcx.hir().expect_item(local_def_id);
                            top_level_module.items.push((item, None, None));
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        self.cx.cache.hidden_cfg = self
            .cx
            .tcx
            .hir()
            .attrs(CRATE_HIR_ID)
            .iter()
            .filter(|attr| attr.has_name(sym::doc))
            .flat_map(|attr| attr.meta_item_list().into_iter().flatten())
            .filter(|attr| attr.has_name(sym::cfg_hide))
            .flat_map(|attr| {
                attr.meta_item_list()
                    .unwrap_or(&[])
                    .iter()
                    .filter_map(|attr| {
                        Cfg::parse(attr.meta_item()?)
                            .map_err(|e| self.cx.sess().diagnostic().span_err(e.span, e.msg))
                            .ok()
                    })
                    .collect::<Vec<_>>()
            })
            .chain(
                [Cfg::Cfg(sym::test, None), Cfg::Cfg(sym::doc, None), Cfg::Cfg(sym::doctest, None)]
                    .into_iter(),
            )
            .collect();

        self.cx.cache.exact_paths = self.exact_paths;
        top_level_module
    }

    fn visit_mod_contents(
        &mut self,
        def_id: LocalDefId,
        m: &'tcx hir::Mod<'tcx>,
        name: Symbol,
        parent_id: Option<LocalDefId>,
    ) -> Module<'tcx> {
        let mut om = Module::new(name, def_id, m.spans.inner_span);
        // Keep track of if there were any private modules in the path.
        let orig_inside_public_path = self.inside_public_path;
        self.inside_public_path &= self.cx.tcx.local_visibility(def_id).is_public();
        for &i in m.item_ids {
            let item = self.cx.tcx.hir().item(i);
            if matches!(item.kind, hir::ItemKind::Use(_, hir::UseKind::Glob)) {
                continue;
            }
            self.visit_item(item, None, &mut om, parent_id);
        }
        for &i in m.item_ids {
            let item = self.cx.tcx.hir().item(i);
            // To match the way import precedence works, visit glob imports last.
            // Later passes in rustdoc will de-duplicate by name and kind, so if glob-
            // imported items appear last, then they'll be the ones that get discarded.
            if matches!(item.kind, hir::ItemKind::Use(_, hir::UseKind::Glob)) {
                self.visit_item(item, None, &mut om, parent_id);
            }
        }
        self.inside_public_path = orig_inside_public_path;
        om
    }

    /// Tries to resolve the target of a `pub use` statement and inlines the
    /// target if it is defined locally and would not be documented otherwise,
    /// or when it is specifically requested with `please_inline`.
    /// (the latter is the case when the import is marked `doc(inline)`)
    ///
    /// Cross-crate inlining occurs later on during crate cleaning
    /// and follows different rules.
    ///
    /// Returns `true` if the target has been inlined.
    fn maybe_inline_local(
        &mut self,
        def_id: LocalDefId,
        res: Res,
        renamed: Option<Symbol>,
        glob: bool,
        om: &mut Module<'tcx>,
        please_inline: bool,
    ) -> bool {
        debug!("maybe_inline_local res: {:?}", res);

        if self.cx.output_format.is_json() {
            return false;
        }

        let tcx = self.cx.tcx;
        let Some(res_did) = res.opt_def_id() else {
            return false;
        };

        let use_attrs = tcx.hir().attrs(tcx.hir().local_def_id_to_hir_id(def_id));
        // Don't inline `doc(hidden)` imports so they can be stripped at a later stage.
        let is_no_inline = use_attrs.lists(sym::doc).has_word(sym::no_inline)
            || tcx.is_doc_hidden(def_id.to_def_id());

        // For cross-crate impl inlining we need to know whether items are
        // reachable in documentation -- a previously unreachable item can be
        // made reachable by cross-crate inlining which we're checking here.
        // (this is done here because we need to know this upfront).
        if !res_did.is_local() && !is_no_inline {
            crate::visit_lib::lib_embargo_visit_item(self.cx, res_did);
            return false;
        }

        let Some(res_did) = res_did.as_local() else {
            return false;
        };

        let is_private = !self
            .cx
            .cache
            .effective_visibilities
            .is_directly_public(self.cx.tcx, res_did.to_def_id());
        let is_hidden = inherits_doc_hidden(self.cx.tcx, res_did);

        // Only inline if requested or if the item would otherwise be stripped.
        if (!please_inline && !is_private && !is_hidden) || is_no_inline {
            return false;
        }

        if !self.view_item_stack.insert(res_did) {
            return false;
        }

        let ret = match tcx.hir().get_by_def_id(res_did) {
            Node::Item(&hir::Item { kind: hir::ItemKind::Mod(ref m), .. }) if glob => {
                let prev = mem::replace(&mut self.inlining, true);
                for &i in m.item_ids {
                    let i = self.cx.tcx.hir().item(i);
                    self.visit_item(i, None, om, Some(def_id));
                }
                self.inlining = prev;
                true
            }
            Node::Item(it) if !glob => {
                let prev = mem::replace(&mut self.inlining, true);
                self.visit_item(it, renamed, om, Some(def_id));
                self.inlining = prev;
                true
            }
            Node::ForeignItem(it) if !glob => {
                let prev = mem::replace(&mut self.inlining, true);
                self.visit_foreign_item(it, renamed, om);
                self.inlining = prev;
                true
            }
            _ => false,
        };
        self.view_item_stack.remove(&res_did);
        ret
    }

    fn visit_item(
        &mut self,
        item: &'tcx hir::Item<'_>,
        renamed: Option<Symbol>,
        om: &mut Module<'tcx>,
        parent_id: Option<LocalDefId>,
    ) {
        debug!("visiting item {:?}", item);
        let name = renamed.unwrap_or(item.ident.name);

        let def_id = item.owner_id.to_def_id();
        let is_pub = self.cx.tcx.visibility(def_id).is_public();

        if is_pub {
            self.store_path(item.owner_id.to_def_id());
        }

        match item.kind {
            hir::ItemKind::ForeignMod { items, .. } => {
                for item in items {
                    let item = self.cx.tcx.hir().foreign_item(item.id);
                    self.visit_foreign_item(item, None, om);
                }
            }
            // If we're inlining, skip private items or item reexported as "_".
            _ if self.inlining && (!is_pub || renamed == Some(kw::Underscore)) => {}
            hir::ItemKind::GlobalAsm(..) => {}
            hir::ItemKind::Use(_, hir::UseKind::ListStem) => {}
            hir::ItemKind::Use(path, kind) => {
                for &res in &path.res {
                    // Struct and variant constructors and proc macro stubs always show up alongside
                    // their definitions, we've already processed them so just discard these.
                    if let Res::Def(DefKind::Ctor(..), _) | Res::SelfCtor(..) = res {
                        continue;
                    }

                    let attrs = self.cx.tcx.hir().attrs(item.hir_id());

                    // If there was a private module in the current path then don't bother inlining
                    // anything as it will probably be stripped anyway.
                    if is_pub && self.inside_public_path {
                        let please_inline = attrs.iter().any(|item| match item.meta_item_list() {
                            Some(ref list) if item.has_name(sym::doc) => {
                                list.iter().any(|i| i.has_name(sym::inline))
                            }
                            _ => false,
                        });
                        let is_glob = kind == hir::UseKind::Glob;
                        let ident = if is_glob { None } else { Some(name) };
                        if self.maybe_inline_local(
                            item.owner_id.def_id,
                            res,
                            ident,
                            is_glob,
                            om,
                            please_inline,
                        ) {
                            continue;
                        }
                    }

                    om.items.push((item, renamed, parent_id))
                }
            }
            hir::ItemKind::Macro(ref macro_def, _) => {
                // `#[macro_export] macro_rules!` items are handled separately in `visit()`,
                // above, since they need to be documented at the module top level. Accordingly,
                // we only want to handle macros if one of three conditions holds:
                //
                // 1. This macro was defined by `macro`, and thus isn't covered by the case
                //    above.
                // 2. This macro isn't marked with `#[macro_export]`, and thus isn't covered
                //    by the case above.
                // 3. We're inlining, since a reexport where inlining has been requested
                //    should be inlined even if it is also documented at the top level.

                let def_id = item.owner_id.to_def_id();
                let is_macro_2_0 = !macro_def.macro_rules;
                let nonexported = !self.cx.tcx.has_attr(def_id, sym::macro_export);

                if is_macro_2_0 || nonexported || self.inlining {
                    om.items.push((item, renamed, None));
                }
            }
            hir::ItemKind::Mod(ref m) => {
                om.mods.push(self.visit_mod_contents(item.owner_id.def_id, m, name, parent_id));
            }
            hir::ItemKind::Fn(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::ExternCrate(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::Enum(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::Struct(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::Union(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::TyAlias(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::OpaqueTy(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::Static(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::Trait(..)
            | hir::ItemKind::TraitAlias(..) => om.items.push((item, renamed, parent_id)),
            hir::ItemKind::Const(..) => {
                // Underscore constants do not correspond to a nameable item and
                // so are never useful in documentation.
                if name != kw::Underscore {
                    om.items.push((item, renamed, parent_id));
                }
            }
            hir::ItemKind::Impl(impl_) => {
                // Don't duplicate impls when inlining or if it's implementing a trait, we'll pick
                // them up regardless of where they're located.
                if !self.inlining && impl_.of_trait.is_none() {
                    om.items.push((item, None, None));
                }
            }
        }
    }

    fn visit_foreign_item(
        &mut self,
        item: &'tcx hir::ForeignItem<'_>,
        renamed: Option<Symbol>,
        om: &mut Module<'tcx>,
    ) {
        // If inlining we only want to include public functions.
        if !self.inlining || self.cx.tcx.visibility(item.owner_id).is_public() {
            om.foreigns.push((item, renamed));
        }
    }
}