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pub mod query;

mod counters;
mod graph;
mod spans;

#[cfg(test)]
mod tests;

use self::counters::{BcbCounter, CoverageCounters};
use self::graph::CoverageGraph;
use self::spans::CoverageSpans;

use crate::MirPass;

use rustc_data_structures::sync::Lrc;
use rustc_middle::hir;
use rustc_middle::middle::codegen_fn_attrs::CodegenFnAttrFlags;
use rustc_middle::mir::coverage::*;
use rustc_middle::mir::{
    self, BasicBlock, BasicBlockData, Coverage, SourceInfo, Statement, StatementKind, Terminator,
    TerminatorKind,
};
use rustc_middle::ty::TyCtxt;
use rustc_span::def_id::DefId;
use rustc_span::source_map::SourceMap;
use rustc_span::{ExpnKind, SourceFile, Span, Symbol};

/// Inserts `StatementKind::Coverage` statements that either instrument the binary with injected
/// counters, via intrinsic `llvm.instrprof.increment`, and/or inject metadata used during codegen
/// to construct the coverage map.
pub struct InstrumentCoverage;

impl<'tcx> MirPass<'tcx> for InstrumentCoverage {
    fn is_enabled(&self, sess: &rustc_session::Session) -> bool {
        sess.instrument_coverage()
    }

    fn run_pass(&self, tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>, mir_body: &mut mir::Body<'tcx>) {
        let mir_source = mir_body.source;

        // If the InstrumentCoverage pass is called on promoted MIRs, skip them.
        // See: https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/pull/73011#discussion_r438317601
        if mir_source.promoted.is_some() {
            trace!(
                "InstrumentCoverage skipped for {:?} (already promoted for Miri evaluation)",
                mir_source.def_id()
            );
            return;
        }

        let is_fn_like =
            tcx.hir().get_by_def_id(mir_source.def_id().expect_local()).fn_kind().is_some();

        // Only instrument functions, methods, and closures (not constants since they are evaluated
        // at compile time by Miri).
        // FIXME(#73156): Handle source code coverage in const eval, but note, if and when const
        // expressions get coverage spans, we will probably have to "carve out" space for const
        // expressions from coverage spans in enclosing MIR's, like we do for closures. (That might
        // be tricky if const expressions have no corresponding statements in the enclosing MIR.
        // Closures are carved out by their initial `Assign` statement.)
        if !is_fn_like {
            trace!("InstrumentCoverage skipped for {:?} (not an fn-like)", mir_source.def_id());
            return;
        }

        match mir_body.basic_blocks[mir::START_BLOCK].terminator().kind {
            TerminatorKind::Unreachable => {
                trace!("InstrumentCoverage skipped for unreachable `START_BLOCK`");
                return;
            }
            _ => {}
        }

        let codegen_fn_attrs = tcx.codegen_fn_attrs(mir_source.def_id());
        if codegen_fn_attrs.flags.contains(CodegenFnAttrFlags::NO_COVERAGE) {
            return;
        }

        trace!("InstrumentCoverage starting for {:?}", mir_source.def_id());
        Instrumentor::new(tcx, mir_body).inject_counters();
        trace!("InstrumentCoverage done for {:?}", mir_source.def_id());
    }
}

struct Instrumentor<'a, 'tcx> {
    tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
    mir_body: &'a mut mir::Body<'tcx>,
    source_file: Lrc<SourceFile>,
    fn_sig_span: Span,
    body_span: Span,
    function_source_hash: u64,
    basic_coverage_blocks: CoverageGraph,
    coverage_counters: CoverageCounters,
}

impl<'a, 'tcx> Instrumentor<'a, 'tcx> {
    fn new(tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>, mir_body: &'a mut mir::Body<'tcx>) -> Self {
        let source_map = tcx.sess.source_map();
        let def_id = mir_body.source.def_id();
        let (some_fn_sig, hir_body) = fn_sig_and_body(tcx, def_id);

        let body_span = get_body_span(tcx, hir_body, mir_body);

        let source_file = source_map.lookup_source_file(body_span.lo());
        let fn_sig_span = match some_fn_sig.filter(|fn_sig| {
            fn_sig.span.eq_ctxt(body_span)
                && Lrc::ptr_eq(&source_file, &source_map.lookup_source_file(fn_sig.span.lo()))
        }) {
            Some(fn_sig) => fn_sig.span.with_hi(body_span.lo()),
            None => body_span.shrink_to_lo(),
        };

        debug!(
            "instrumenting {}: {:?}, fn sig span: {:?}, body span: {:?}",
            if tcx.is_closure(def_id) { "closure" } else { "function" },
            def_id,
            fn_sig_span,
            body_span
        );

        let function_source_hash = hash_mir_source(tcx, hir_body);
        let basic_coverage_blocks = CoverageGraph::from_mir(mir_body);
        let coverage_counters = CoverageCounters::new(&basic_coverage_blocks);

        Self {
            tcx,
            mir_body,
            source_file,
            fn_sig_span,
            body_span,
            function_source_hash,
            basic_coverage_blocks,
            coverage_counters,
        }
    }

    fn inject_counters(&'a mut self) {
        let fn_sig_span = self.fn_sig_span;
        let body_span = self.body_span;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Compute coverage spans from the `CoverageGraph`.
        let coverage_spans = CoverageSpans::generate_coverage_spans(
            self.mir_body,
            fn_sig_span,
            body_span,
            &self.basic_coverage_blocks,
        );

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create an optimized mix of `Counter`s and `Expression`s for the `CoverageGraph`. Ensure
        // every coverage span has a `Counter` or `Expression` assigned to its `BasicCoverageBlock`
        // and all `Expression` dependencies (operands) are also generated, for any other
        // `BasicCoverageBlock`s not already associated with a coverage span.
        let bcb_has_coverage_spans = |bcb| coverage_spans.bcb_has_coverage_spans(bcb);
        self.coverage_counters
            .make_bcb_counters(&self.basic_coverage_blocks, bcb_has_coverage_spans);

        let mappings = self.create_mappings_and_inject_coverage_statements(&coverage_spans);

        self.mir_body.function_coverage_info = Some(Box::new(FunctionCoverageInfo {
            function_source_hash: self.function_source_hash,
            num_counters: self.coverage_counters.num_counters(),
            expressions: self.coverage_counters.take_expressions(),
            mappings,
        }));
    }

    /// For each [`BcbCounter`] associated with a BCB node or BCB edge, create
    /// any corresponding mappings (for BCB nodes only), and inject any necessary
    /// coverage statements into MIR.
    fn create_mappings_and_inject_coverage_statements(
        &mut self,
        coverage_spans: &CoverageSpans,
    ) -> Vec<Mapping> {
        let source_map = self.tcx.sess.source_map();
        let body_span = self.body_span;

        use rustc_session::RemapFileNameExt;
        let file_name =
            Symbol::intern(&self.source_file.name.for_codegen(self.tcx.sess).to_string_lossy());

        let mut mappings = Vec::new();

        // Process the counters and spans associated with BCB nodes.
        for (bcb, counter_kind) in self.coverage_counters.bcb_node_counters() {
            let spans = coverage_spans.spans_for_bcb(bcb);
            let has_mappings = !spans.is_empty();

            // If this BCB has any coverage spans, add corresponding mappings to
            // the mappings table.
            if has_mappings {
                let term = counter_kind.as_term();
                mappings.extend(spans.iter().map(|&span| {
                    let code_region = make_code_region(source_map, file_name, span, body_span);
                    Mapping { code_region, term }
                }));
            }

            let do_inject = match counter_kind {
                // Counter-increment statements always need to be injected.
                BcbCounter::Counter { .. } => true,
                // The only purpose of expression-used statements is to detect
                // when a mapping is unreachable, so we only inject them for
                // expressions with one or more mappings.
                BcbCounter::Expression { .. } => has_mappings,
            };
            if do_inject {
                inject_statement(
                    self.mir_body,
                    self.make_mir_coverage_kind(counter_kind),
                    self.basic_coverage_blocks[bcb].leader_bb(),
                );
            }
        }

        // Process the counters associated with BCB edges.
        for (from_bcb, to_bcb, counter_kind) in self.coverage_counters.bcb_edge_counters() {
            let do_inject = match counter_kind {
                // Counter-increment statements always need to be injected.
                BcbCounter::Counter { .. } => true,
                // BCB-edge expressions never have mappings, so they never need
                // a corresponding statement.
                BcbCounter::Expression { .. } => false,
            };
            if !do_inject {
                continue;
            }

            // We need to inject a coverage statement into a new BB between the
            // last BB of `from_bcb` and the first BB of `to_bcb`.
            let from_bb = self.basic_coverage_blocks[from_bcb].last_bb();
            let to_bb = self.basic_coverage_blocks[to_bcb].leader_bb();

            let new_bb = inject_edge_counter_basic_block(self.mir_body, from_bb, to_bb);
            debug!(
                "Edge {from_bcb:?} (last {from_bb:?}) -> {to_bcb:?} (leader {to_bb:?}) \
                requires a new MIR BasicBlock {new_bb:?} for edge counter {counter_kind:?}",
            );

            // Inject a counter into the newly-created BB.
            inject_statement(self.mir_body, self.make_mir_coverage_kind(counter_kind), new_bb);
        }

        mappings
    }

    fn make_mir_coverage_kind(&self, counter_kind: &BcbCounter) -> CoverageKind {
        match *counter_kind {
            BcbCounter::Counter { id } => CoverageKind::CounterIncrement { id },
            BcbCounter::Expression { id } => CoverageKind::ExpressionUsed { id },
        }
    }
}

fn inject_edge_counter_basic_block(
    mir_body: &mut mir::Body<'_>,
    from_bb: BasicBlock,
    to_bb: BasicBlock,
) -> BasicBlock {
    let span = mir_body[from_bb].terminator().source_info.span.shrink_to_hi();
    let new_bb = mir_body.basic_blocks_mut().push(BasicBlockData {
        statements: vec![], // counter will be injected here
        terminator: Some(Terminator {
            source_info: SourceInfo::outermost(span),
            kind: TerminatorKind::Goto { target: to_bb },
        }),
        is_cleanup: false,
    });
    let edge_ref = mir_body[from_bb]
        .terminator_mut()
        .successors_mut()
        .find(|successor| **successor == to_bb)
        .expect("from_bb should have a successor for to_bb");
    *edge_ref = new_bb;
    new_bb
}

fn inject_statement(mir_body: &mut mir::Body<'_>, counter_kind: CoverageKind, bb: BasicBlock) {
    debug!("  injecting statement {counter_kind:?} for {bb:?}");
    let data = &mut mir_body[bb];
    let source_info = data.terminator().source_info;
    let statement = Statement {
        source_info,
        kind: StatementKind::Coverage(Box::new(Coverage { kind: counter_kind })),
    };
    data.statements.insert(0, statement);
}

/// Convert the Span into its file name, start line and column, and end line and column
fn make_code_region(
    source_map: &SourceMap,
    file_name: Symbol,
    span: Span,
    body_span: Span,
) -> CodeRegion {
    debug!(
        "Called make_code_region(file_name={}, span={}, body_span={})",
        file_name,
        source_map.span_to_diagnostic_string(span),
        source_map.span_to_diagnostic_string(body_span)
    );

    let (file, mut start_line, mut start_col, mut end_line, mut end_col) =
        source_map.span_to_location_info(span);
    if span.hi() == span.lo() {
        // Extend an empty span by one character so the region will be counted.
        if span.hi() == body_span.hi() {
            start_col = start_col.saturating_sub(1);
        } else {
            end_col = start_col + 1;
        }
    };
    if let Some(file) = file {
        start_line = source_map.doctest_offset_line(&file.name, start_line);
        end_line = source_map.doctest_offset_line(&file.name, end_line);
    }
    CodeRegion {
        file_name,
        start_line: start_line as u32,
        start_col: start_col as u32,
        end_line: end_line as u32,
        end_col: end_col as u32,
    }
}

fn fn_sig_and_body(
    tcx: TyCtxt<'_>,
    def_id: DefId,
) -> (Option<&rustc_hir::FnSig<'_>>, &rustc_hir::Body<'_>) {
    // FIXME(#79625): Consider improving MIR to provide the information needed, to avoid going back
    // to HIR for it.
    let hir_node = tcx.hir().get_if_local(def_id).expect("expected DefId is local");
    let (_, fn_body_id) =
        hir::map::associated_body(hir_node).expect("HIR node is a function with body");
    (hir_node.fn_sig(), tcx.hir().body(fn_body_id))
}

fn get_body_span<'tcx>(
    tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
    hir_body: &rustc_hir::Body<'tcx>,
    mir_body: &mut mir::Body<'tcx>,
) -> Span {
    let mut body_span = hir_body.value.span;
    let def_id = mir_body.source.def_id();

    if tcx.is_closure(def_id) {
        // If the MIR function is a closure, and if the closure body span
        // starts from a macro, but it's content is not in that macro, try
        // to find a non-macro callsite, and instrument the spans there
        // instead.
        loop {
            let expn_data = body_span.ctxt().outer_expn_data();
            if expn_data.is_root() {
                break;
            }
            if let ExpnKind::Macro { .. } = expn_data.kind {
                body_span = expn_data.call_site;
            } else {
                break;
            }
        }
    }

    body_span
}

fn hash_mir_source<'tcx>(tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>, hir_body: &'tcx rustc_hir::Body<'tcx>) -> u64 {
    // FIXME(cjgillot) Stop hashing HIR manually here.
    let owner = hir_body.id().hir_id.owner;
    tcx.hir_owner_nodes(owner)
        .unwrap()
        .opt_hash_including_bodies
        .unwrap()
        .to_smaller_hash()
        .as_u64()
}