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//! Deeply normalize types using the old trait solver.
use super::error_reporting::OverflowCause;
use super::error_reporting::TypeErrCtxtExt;
use super::SelectionContext;
use super::{project, with_replaced_escaping_bound_vars, BoundVarReplacer, PlaceholderReplacer};
use rustc_data_structures::stack::ensure_sufficient_stack;
use rustc_infer::infer::at::At;
use rustc_infer::infer::InferOk;
use rustc_infer::traits::PredicateObligation;
use rustc_infer::traits::{FulfillmentError, Normalized, Obligation, TraitEngine};
use rustc_middle::traits::{ObligationCause, ObligationCauseCode, Reveal};
use rustc_middle::ty::{self, Ty, TyCtxt, TypeFolder};
use rustc_middle::ty::{TypeFoldable, TypeSuperFoldable, TypeVisitable, TypeVisitableExt};

#[extension(pub trait NormalizeExt<'tcx>)]
impl<'tcx> At<'_, 'tcx> {
    /// Normalize a value using the `AssocTypeNormalizer`.
    ///
    /// This normalization should be used when the type contains inference variables or the
    /// projection may be fallible.
    fn normalize<T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>>(&self, value: T) -> InferOk<'tcx, T> {
        if self.infcx.next_trait_solver() {
            InferOk { value, obligations: Vec::new() }
        } else {
            let mut selcx = SelectionContext::new(self.infcx);
            let Normalized { value, obligations } =
                normalize_with_depth(&mut selcx, self.param_env, self.cause.clone(), 0, value);
            InferOk { value, obligations }
        }
    }

    /// Deeply normalizes `value`, replacing all aliases which can by normalized in
    /// the current environment. In the new solver this errors in case normalization
    /// fails or is ambiguous.
    ///
    /// In the old solver this simply uses `normalizes` and adds the nested obligations
    /// to the `fulfill_cx`. This is necessary as we otherwise end up recomputing the
    /// same goals in both a temporary and the shared context which negatively impacts
    /// performance as these don't share caching.
    ///
    /// FIXME(-Znext-solver): This has the same behavior as `traits::fully_normalize`
    /// in the new solver, but because of performance reasons, we currently reuse an
    /// existing fulfillment context in the old solver. Once we also eagerly prove goals with
    /// the old solver or have removed the old solver, remove `traits::fully_normalize` and
    /// rename this function to `At::fully_normalize`.
    fn deeply_normalize<T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>>(
        self,
        value: T,
        fulfill_cx: &mut dyn TraitEngine<'tcx>,
    ) -> Result<T, Vec<FulfillmentError<'tcx>>> {
        if self.infcx.next_trait_solver() {
            crate::solve::deeply_normalize(self, value)
        } else {
            let value = self
                .normalize(value)
                .into_value_registering_obligations(self.infcx, &mut *fulfill_cx);
            let errors = fulfill_cx.select_where_possible(self.infcx);
            let value = self.infcx.resolve_vars_if_possible(value);
            if errors.is_empty() { Ok(value) } else { Err(errors) }
        }
    }
}

/// As `normalize`, but with a custom depth.
pub(crate) fn normalize_with_depth<'a, 'b, 'tcx, T>(
    selcx: &'a mut SelectionContext<'b, 'tcx>,
    param_env: ty::ParamEnv<'tcx>,
    cause: ObligationCause<'tcx>,
    depth: usize,
    value: T,
) -> Normalized<'tcx, T>
where
    T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>,
{
    let mut obligations = Vec::new();
    let value = normalize_with_depth_to(selcx, param_env, cause, depth, value, &mut obligations);
    Normalized { value, obligations }
}

#[instrument(level = "info", skip(selcx, param_env, cause, obligations))]
pub(crate) fn normalize_with_depth_to<'a, 'b, 'tcx, T>(
    selcx: &'a mut SelectionContext<'b, 'tcx>,
    param_env: ty::ParamEnv<'tcx>,
    cause: ObligationCause<'tcx>,
    depth: usize,
    value: T,
    obligations: &mut Vec<PredicateObligation<'tcx>>,
) -> T
where
    T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>,
{
    debug!(obligations.len = obligations.len());
    let mut normalizer = AssocTypeNormalizer::new(selcx, param_env, cause, depth, obligations);
    let result = ensure_sufficient_stack(|| normalizer.fold(value));
    debug!(?result, obligations.len = normalizer.obligations.len());
    debug!(?normalizer.obligations,);
    result
}

pub(super) fn needs_normalization<'tcx, T: TypeVisitable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>>(
    value: &T,
    reveal: Reveal,
) -> bool {
    // This mirrors `ty::TypeFlags::HAS_ALIASES` except that we take `Reveal` into account.

    let mut flags = ty::TypeFlags::HAS_TY_PROJECTION
        | ty::TypeFlags::HAS_TY_WEAK
        | ty::TypeFlags::HAS_TY_INHERENT
        | ty::TypeFlags::HAS_CT_PROJECTION;

    match reveal {
        Reveal::UserFacing => {}
        Reveal::All => flags |= ty::TypeFlags::HAS_TY_OPAQUE,
    }

    value.has_type_flags(flags)
}

struct AssocTypeNormalizer<'a, 'b, 'tcx> {
    selcx: &'a mut SelectionContext<'b, 'tcx>,
    param_env: ty::ParamEnv<'tcx>,
    cause: ObligationCause<'tcx>,
    obligations: &'a mut Vec<PredicateObligation<'tcx>>,
    depth: usize,
    universes: Vec<Option<ty::UniverseIndex>>,
}

impl<'a, 'b, 'tcx> AssocTypeNormalizer<'a, 'b, 'tcx> {
    fn new(
        selcx: &'a mut SelectionContext<'b, 'tcx>,
        param_env: ty::ParamEnv<'tcx>,
        cause: ObligationCause<'tcx>,
        depth: usize,
        obligations: &'a mut Vec<PredicateObligation<'tcx>>,
    ) -> AssocTypeNormalizer<'a, 'b, 'tcx> {
        debug_assert!(!selcx.infcx.next_trait_solver());
        AssocTypeNormalizer { selcx, param_env, cause, obligations, depth, universes: vec![] }
    }

    fn fold<T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>>(&mut self, value: T) -> T {
        let value = self.selcx.infcx.resolve_vars_if_possible(value);
        debug!(?value);

        assert!(
            !value.has_escaping_bound_vars(),
            "Normalizing {value:?} without wrapping in a `Binder`"
        );

        if !needs_normalization(&value, self.param_env.reveal()) {
            value
        } else {
            value.fold_with(self)
        }
    }
}

impl<'a, 'b, 'tcx> TypeFolder<TyCtxt<'tcx>> for AssocTypeNormalizer<'a, 'b, 'tcx> {
    fn interner(&self) -> TyCtxt<'tcx> {
        self.selcx.tcx()
    }

    fn fold_binder<T: TypeFoldable<TyCtxt<'tcx>>>(
        &mut self,
        t: ty::Binder<'tcx, T>,
    ) -> ty::Binder<'tcx, T> {
        self.universes.push(None);
        let t = t.super_fold_with(self);
        self.universes.pop();
        t
    }

    fn fold_ty(&mut self, ty: Ty<'tcx>) -> Ty<'tcx> {
        if !needs_normalization(&ty, self.param_env.reveal()) {
            return ty;
        }

        let (kind, data) = match *ty.kind() {
            ty::Alias(kind, data) => (kind, data),
            _ => return ty.super_fold_with(self),
        };

        // We try to be a little clever here as a performance optimization in
        // cases where there are nested projections under binders.
        // For example:
        // ```
        // for<'a> fn(<T as Foo>::One<'a, Box<dyn Bar<'a, Item=<T as Foo>::Two<'a>>>>)
        // ```
        // We normalize the args on the projection before the projecting, but
        // if we're naive, we'll
        //   replace bound vars on inner, project inner, replace placeholders on inner,
        //   replace bound vars on outer, project outer, replace placeholders on outer
        //
        // However, if we're a bit more clever, we can replace the bound vars
        // on the entire type before normalizing nested projections, meaning we
        //   replace bound vars on outer, project inner,
        //   project outer, replace placeholders on outer
        //
        // This is possible because the inner `'a` will already be a placeholder
        // when we need to normalize the inner projection
        //
        // On the other hand, this does add a bit of complexity, since we only
        // replace bound vars if the current type is a `Projection` and we need
        // to make sure we don't forget to fold the args regardless.

        match kind {
            ty::Opaque => {
                // Only normalize `impl Trait` outside of type inference, usually in codegen.
                match self.param_env.reveal() {
                    Reveal::UserFacing => ty.super_fold_with(self),

                    Reveal::All => {
                        let recursion_limit = self.interner().recursion_limit();
                        if !recursion_limit.value_within_limit(self.depth) {
                            self.selcx.infcx.err_ctxt().report_overflow_error(
                                OverflowCause::DeeplyNormalize(data),
                                self.cause.span,
                                true,
                                |_| {},
                            );
                        }

                        let args = data.args.fold_with(self);
                        let generic_ty = self.interner().type_of(data.def_id);
                        let concrete_ty = generic_ty.instantiate(self.interner(), args);
                        self.depth += 1;
                        let folded_ty = self.fold_ty(concrete_ty);
                        self.depth -= 1;
                        folded_ty
                    }
                }
            }

            ty::Projection if !data.has_escaping_bound_vars() => {
                // This branch is *mostly* just an optimization: when we don't
                // have escaping bound vars, we don't need to replace them with
                // placeholders (see branch below). *Also*, we know that we can
                // register an obligation to *later* project, since we know
                // there won't be bound vars there.
                let data = data.fold_with(self);
                let normalized_ty = project::normalize_projection_type(
                    self.selcx,
                    self.param_env,
                    data,
                    self.cause.clone(),
                    self.depth,
                    self.obligations,
                );
                debug!(
                    ?self.depth,
                    ?ty,
                    ?normalized_ty,
                    obligations.len = ?self.obligations.len(),
                    "AssocTypeNormalizer: normalized type"
                );
                normalized_ty.ty().unwrap()
            }

            ty::Projection => {
                // If there are escaping bound vars, we temporarily replace the
                // bound vars with placeholders. Note though, that in the case
                // that we still can't project for whatever reason (e.g. self
                // type isn't known enough), we *can't* register an obligation
                // and return an inference variable (since then that obligation
                // would have bound vars and that's a can of worms). Instead,
                // we just give up and fall back to pretending like we never tried!
                //
                // Note: this isn't necessarily the final approach here; we may
                // want to figure out how to register obligations with escaping vars
                // or handle this some other way.

                let infcx = self.selcx.infcx;
                let (data, mapped_regions, mapped_types, mapped_consts) =
                    BoundVarReplacer::replace_bound_vars(infcx, &mut self.universes, data);
                let data = data.fold_with(self);
                let normalized_ty = project::opt_normalize_projection_type(
                    self.selcx,
                    self.param_env,
                    data,
                    self.cause.clone(),
                    self.depth,
                    self.obligations,
                )
                .ok()
                .flatten()
                .map(|term| term.ty().unwrap())
                .map(|normalized_ty| {
                    PlaceholderReplacer::replace_placeholders(
                        infcx,
                        mapped_regions,
                        mapped_types,
                        mapped_consts,
                        &self.universes,
                        normalized_ty,
                    )
                })
                .unwrap_or_else(|| ty.super_fold_with(self));

                debug!(
                    ?self.depth,
                    ?ty,
                    ?normalized_ty,
                    obligations.len = ?self.obligations.len(),
                    "AssocTypeNormalizer: normalized type"
                );
                normalized_ty
            }
            ty::Weak => {
                let recursion_limit = self.interner().recursion_limit();
                if !recursion_limit.value_within_limit(self.depth) {
                    self.selcx.infcx.err_ctxt().report_overflow_error(
                        OverflowCause::DeeplyNormalize(data),
                        self.cause.span,
                        false,
                        |diag| {
                            diag.note(crate::fluent_generated::trait_selection_ty_alias_overflow);
                        },
                    );
                }

                let infcx = self.selcx.infcx;
                self.obligations.extend(
                    infcx.tcx.predicates_of(data.def_id).instantiate_own(infcx.tcx, data.args).map(
                        |(mut predicate, span)| {
                            if data.has_escaping_bound_vars() {
                                (predicate, ..) = BoundVarReplacer::replace_bound_vars(
                                    infcx,
                                    &mut self.universes,
                                    predicate,
                                );
                            }
                            let mut cause = self.cause.clone();
                            cause.map_code(|code| {
                                ObligationCauseCode::TypeAlias(code, span, data.def_id)
                            });
                            Obligation::new(infcx.tcx, cause, self.param_env, predicate)
                        },
                    ),
                );
                self.depth += 1;
                let res = infcx
                    .tcx
                    .type_of(data.def_id)
                    .instantiate(infcx.tcx, data.args)
                    .fold_with(self);
                self.depth -= 1;
                res
            }

            ty::Inherent if !data.has_escaping_bound_vars() => {
                // This branch is *mostly* just an optimization: when we don't
                // have escaping bound vars, we don't need to replace them with
                // placeholders (see branch below). *Also*, we know that we can
                // register an obligation to *later* project, since we know
                // there won't be bound vars there.

                let data = data.fold_with(self);

                project::normalize_inherent_projection(
                    self.selcx,
                    self.param_env,
                    data,
                    self.cause.clone(),
                    self.depth,
                    self.obligations,
                )
            }

            ty::Inherent => {
                let infcx = self.selcx.infcx;
                let (data, mapped_regions, mapped_types, mapped_consts) =
                    BoundVarReplacer::replace_bound_vars(infcx, &mut self.universes, data);
                let data = data.fold_with(self);
                let ty = project::normalize_inherent_projection(
                    self.selcx,
                    self.param_env,
                    data,
                    self.cause.clone(),
                    self.depth,
                    self.obligations,
                );

                PlaceholderReplacer::replace_placeholders(
                    infcx,
                    mapped_regions,
                    mapped_types,
                    mapped_consts,
                    &self.universes,
                    ty,
                )
            }
        }
    }

    #[instrument(skip(self), level = "debug")]
    fn fold_const(&mut self, constant: ty::Const<'tcx>) -> ty::Const<'tcx> {
        let tcx = self.selcx.tcx();
        if tcx.features().generic_const_exprs
            || !needs_normalization(&constant, self.param_env.reveal())
        {
            constant
        } else {
            let constant = constant.super_fold_with(self);
            debug!(?constant, ?self.param_env);
            with_replaced_escaping_bound_vars(
                self.selcx.infcx,
                &mut self.universes,
                constant,
                |constant| constant.normalize(tcx, self.param_env),
            )
        }
    }

    #[inline]
    fn fold_predicate(&mut self, p: ty::Predicate<'tcx>) -> ty::Predicate<'tcx> {
        if p.allow_normalization() && needs_normalization(&p, self.param_env.reveal()) {
            p.super_fold_with(self)
        } else {
            p
        }
    }
}