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use std::collections::BTreeMap;
use std::convert::TryFrom;
use std::ffi::OsStr;
use std::fmt;
use std::path::PathBuf;
use std::str::FromStr;

use rustc_data_structures::fx::FxHashMap;
use rustc_driver::print_flag_list;
use rustc_session::config::{
    self, parse_crate_types_from_list, parse_externs, parse_target_triple, CrateType,
};
use rustc_session::config::{get_cmd_lint_options, nightly_options};
use rustc_session::config::{
    CodegenOptions, ErrorOutputType, Externs, JsonUnusedExterns, UnstableOptions,
};
use rustc_session::getopts;
use rustc_session::lint::Level;
use rustc_session::search_paths::SearchPath;
use rustc_span::edition::Edition;
use rustc_target::spec::TargetTriple;

use crate::core::new_handler;
use crate::externalfiles::ExternalHtml;
use crate::html;
use crate::html::markdown::IdMap;
use crate::html::render::StylePath;
use crate::html::static_files;
use crate::opts;
use crate::passes::{self, Condition};
use crate::scrape_examples::{AllCallLocations, ScrapeExamplesOptions};
use crate::theme;

#[derive(Clone, Copy, PartialEq, Eq, Debug)]
pub(crate) enum OutputFormat {
    Json,
    Html,
}

impl Default for OutputFormat {
    fn default() -> OutputFormat {
        OutputFormat::Html
    }
}

impl OutputFormat {
    pub(crate) fn is_json(&self) -> bool {
        matches!(self, OutputFormat::Json)
    }
}

impl TryFrom<&str> for OutputFormat {
    type Error = String;

    fn try_from(value: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Error> {
        match value {
            "json" => Ok(OutputFormat::Json),
            "html" => Ok(OutputFormat::Html),
            _ => Err(format!("unknown output format `{}`", value)),
        }
    }
}

/// Configuration options for rustdoc.
#[derive(Clone)]
pub(crate) struct Options {
    // Basic options / Options passed directly to rustc
    /// The crate root or Markdown file to load.
    pub(crate) input: PathBuf,
    /// The name of the crate being documented.
    pub(crate) crate_name: Option<String>,
    /// Whether or not this is a bin crate
    pub(crate) bin_crate: bool,
    /// Whether or not this is a proc-macro crate
    pub(crate) proc_macro_crate: bool,
    /// How to format errors and warnings.
    pub(crate) error_format: ErrorOutputType,
    /// Width of output buffer to truncate errors appropriately.
    pub(crate) diagnostic_width: Option<usize>,
    /// Library search paths to hand to the compiler.
    pub(crate) libs: Vec<SearchPath>,
    /// Library search paths strings to hand to the compiler.
    pub(crate) lib_strs: Vec<String>,
    /// The list of external crates to link against.
    pub(crate) externs: Externs,
    /// The list of external crates strings to link against.
    pub(crate) extern_strs: Vec<String>,
    /// List of `cfg` flags to hand to the compiler. Always includes `rustdoc`.
    pub(crate) cfgs: Vec<String>,
    /// List of check cfg flags to hand to the compiler.
    pub(crate) check_cfgs: Vec<String>,
    /// Codegen options to hand to the compiler.
    pub(crate) codegen_options: CodegenOptions,
    /// Codegen options strings to hand to the compiler.
    pub(crate) codegen_options_strs: Vec<String>,
    /// Unstable (`-Z`) options to pass to the compiler.
    pub(crate) unstable_opts: UnstableOptions,
    /// Unstable (`-Z`) options strings to pass to the compiler.
    pub(crate) unstable_opts_strs: Vec<String>,
    /// The target used to compile the crate against.
    pub(crate) target: TargetTriple,
    /// Edition used when reading the crate. Defaults to "2015". Also used by default when
    /// compiling doctests from the crate.
    pub(crate) edition: Edition,
    /// The path to the sysroot. Used during the compilation process.
    pub(crate) maybe_sysroot: Option<PathBuf>,
    /// Lint information passed over the command-line.
    pub(crate) lint_opts: Vec<(String, Level)>,
    /// Whether to ask rustc to describe the lints it knows.
    pub(crate) describe_lints: bool,
    /// What level to cap lints at.
    pub(crate) lint_cap: Option<Level>,

    // Options specific to running doctests
    /// Whether we should run doctests instead of generating docs.
    pub(crate) should_test: bool,
    /// List of arguments to pass to the test harness, if running tests.
    pub(crate) test_args: Vec<String>,
    /// The working directory in which to run tests.
    pub(crate) test_run_directory: Option<PathBuf>,
    /// Optional path to persist the doctest executables to, defaults to a
    /// temporary directory if not set.
    pub(crate) persist_doctests: Option<PathBuf>,
    /// Runtool to run doctests with
    pub(crate) runtool: Option<String>,
    /// Arguments to pass to the runtool
    pub(crate) runtool_args: Vec<String>,
    /// Whether to allow ignoring doctests on a per-target basis
    /// For example, using ignore-foo to ignore running the doctest on any target that
    /// contains "foo" as a substring
    pub(crate) enable_per_target_ignores: bool,
    /// Do not run doctests, compile them if should_test is active.
    pub(crate) no_run: bool,

    /// The path to a rustc-like binary to build tests with. If not set, we
    /// default to loading from `$sysroot/bin/rustc`.
    pub(crate) test_builder: Option<PathBuf>,

    // Options that affect the documentation process
    /// Whether to run the `calculate-doc-coverage` pass, which counts the number of public items
    /// with and without documentation.
    pub(crate) show_coverage: bool,

    // Options that alter generated documentation pages
    /// Crate version to note on the sidebar of generated docs.
    pub(crate) crate_version: Option<String>,
    /// The format that we output when rendering.
    ///
    /// Currently used only for the `--show-coverage` option.
    pub(crate) output_format: OutputFormat,
    /// If this option is set to `true`, rustdoc will only run checks and not generate
    /// documentation.
    pub(crate) run_check: bool,
    /// Whether doctests should emit unused externs
    pub(crate) json_unused_externs: JsonUnusedExterns,
    /// Whether to skip capturing stdout and stderr of tests.
    pub(crate) nocapture: bool,

    /// Configuration for scraping examples from the current crate. If this option is Some(..) then
    /// the compiler will scrape examples and not generate documentation.
    pub(crate) scrape_examples_options: Option<ScrapeExamplesOptions>,

    /// Note: this field is duplicated in `RenderOptions` because it's useful
    /// to have it in both places.
    pub(crate) unstable_features: rustc_feature::UnstableFeatures,
}

impl fmt::Debug for Options {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        struct FmtExterns<'a>(&'a Externs);

        impl<'a> fmt::Debug for FmtExterns<'a> {
            fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
                f.debug_map().entries(self.0.iter()).finish()
            }
        }

        f.debug_struct("Options")
            .field("input", &self.input)
            .field("crate_name", &self.crate_name)
            .field("bin_crate", &self.bin_crate)
            .field("proc_macro_crate", &self.proc_macro_crate)
            .field("error_format", &self.error_format)
            .field("libs", &self.libs)
            .field("externs", &FmtExterns(&self.externs))
            .field("cfgs", &self.cfgs)
            .field("check-cfgs", &self.check_cfgs)
            .field("codegen_options", &"...")
            .field("unstable_options", &"...")
            .field("target", &self.target)
            .field("edition", &self.edition)
            .field("maybe_sysroot", &self.maybe_sysroot)
            .field("lint_opts", &self.lint_opts)
            .field("describe_lints", &self.describe_lints)
            .field("lint_cap", &self.lint_cap)
            .field("should_test", &self.should_test)
            .field("test_args", &self.test_args)
            .field("test_run_directory", &self.test_run_directory)
            .field("persist_doctests", &self.persist_doctests)
            .field("show_coverage", &self.show_coverage)
            .field("crate_version", &self.crate_version)
            .field("runtool", &self.runtool)
            .field("runtool_args", &self.runtool_args)
            .field("enable-per-target-ignores", &self.enable_per_target_ignores)
            .field("run_check", &self.run_check)
            .field("no_run", &self.no_run)
            .field("nocapture", &self.nocapture)
            .field("scrape_examples_options", &self.scrape_examples_options)
            .field("unstable_features", &self.unstable_features)
            .finish()
    }
}

/// Configuration options for the HTML page-creation process.
#[derive(Clone, Debug)]
pub(crate) struct RenderOptions {
    /// Output directory to generate docs into. Defaults to `doc`.
    pub(crate) output: PathBuf,
    /// External files to insert into generated pages.
    pub(crate) external_html: ExternalHtml,
    /// A pre-populated `IdMap` with the default headings and any headings added by Markdown files
    /// processed by `external_html`.
    pub(crate) id_map: IdMap,
    /// If present, playground URL to use in the "Run" button added to code samples.
    ///
    /// Be aware: This option can come both from the CLI and from crate attributes!
    pub(crate) playground_url: Option<String>,
    /// What sorting mode to use for module pages.
    /// `ModuleSorting::Alphabetical` by default.
    pub(crate) module_sorting: ModuleSorting,
    /// List of themes to extend the docs with. Original argument name is included to assist in
    /// displaying errors if it fails a theme check.
    pub(crate) themes: Vec<StylePath>,
    /// If present, CSS file that contains rules to add to the default CSS.
    pub(crate) extension_css: Option<PathBuf>,
    /// A map of crate names to the URL to use instead of querying the crate's `html_root_url`.
    pub(crate) extern_html_root_urls: BTreeMap<String, String>,
    /// Whether to give precedence to `html_root_url` or `--exten-html-root-url`.
    pub(crate) extern_html_root_takes_precedence: bool,
    /// A map of the default settings (values are as for DOM storage API). Keys should lack the
    /// `rustdoc-` prefix.
    pub(crate) default_settings: FxHashMap<String, String>,
    /// If present, suffix added to CSS/JavaScript files when referencing them in generated pages.
    pub(crate) resource_suffix: String,
    /// Whether to create an index page in the root of the output directory. If this is true but
    /// `enable_index_page` is None, generate a static listing of crates instead.
    pub(crate) enable_index_page: bool,
    /// A file to use as the index page at the root of the output directory. Overrides
    /// `enable_index_page` to be true if set.
    pub(crate) index_page: Option<PathBuf>,
    /// An optional path to use as the location of static files. If not set, uses combinations of
    /// `../` to reach the documentation root.
    pub(crate) static_root_path: Option<String>,

    // Options specific to reading standalone Markdown files
    /// Whether to generate a table of contents on the output file when reading a standalone
    /// Markdown file.
    pub(crate) markdown_no_toc: bool,
    /// Additional CSS files to link in pages generated from standalone Markdown files.
    pub(crate) markdown_css: Vec<String>,
    /// If present, playground URL to use in the "Run" button added to code samples generated from
    /// standalone Markdown files. If not present, `playground_url` is used.
    pub(crate) markdown_playground_url: Option<String>,
    /// Document items that have lower than `pub` visibility.
    pub(crate) document_private: bool,
    /// Document items that have `doc(hidden)`.
    pub(crate) document_hidden: bool,
    /// If `true`, generate a JSON file in the crate folder instead of HTML redirection files.
    pub(crate) generate_redirect_map: bool,
    /// Show the memory layout of types in the docs.
    pub(crate) show_type_layout: bool,
    /// Note: this field is duplicated in `Options` because it's useful to have
    /// it in both places.
    pub(crate) unstable_features: rustc_feature::UnstableFeatures,
    pub(crate) emit: Vec<EmitType>,
    /// If `true`, HTML source pages will generate links for items to their definition.
    pub(crate) generate_link_to_definition: bool,
    /// Set of function-call locations to include as examples
    pub(crate) call_locations: AllCallLocations,
    /// If `true`, Context::init will not emit shared files.
    pub(crate) no_emit_shared: bool,
}

#[derive(Copy, Clone, Debug, PartialEq, Eq)]
pub(crate) enum ModuleSorting {
    DeclarationOrder,
    Alphabetical,
}

#[derive(Copy, Clone, Debug, PartialEq, Eq)]
pub(crate) enum EmitType {
    Unversioned,
    Toolchain,
    InvocationSpecific,
}

impl FromStr for EmitType {
    type Err = ();

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err> {
        use EmitType::*;
        match s {
            "unversioned-shared-resources" => Ok(Unversioned),
            "toolchain-shared-resources" => Ok(Toolchain),
            "invocation-specific" => Ok(InvocationSpecific),
            _ => Err(()),
        }
    }
}

impl RenderOptions {
    pub(crate) fn should_emit_crate(&self) -> bool {
        self.emit.is_empty() || self.emit.contains(&EmitType::InvocationSpecific)
    }
}

impl Options {
    /// Parses the given command-line for options. If an error message or other early-return has
    /// been printed, returns `Err` with the exit code.
    pub(crate) fn from_matches(
        matches: &getopts::Matches,
        args: Vec<String>,
    ) -> Result<(Options, RenderOptions), i32> {
        let args = &args[1..];
        // Check for unstable options.
        nightly_options::check_nightly_options(matches, &opts());

        if args.is_empty() || matches.opt_present("h") || matches.opt_present("help") {
            crate::usage("rustdoc");
            return Err(0);
        } else if matches.opt_present("version") {
            rustc_driver::version!("rustdoc", matches);
            return Err(0);
        }

        let z_flags = matches.opt_strs("Z");
        if z_flags.iter().any(|x| *x == "help") {
            print_flag_list("-Z", config::Z_OPTIONS);
            return Err(0);
        }
        let c_flags = matches.opt_strs("C");
        if c_flags.iter().any(|x| *x == "help") {
            print_flag_list("-C", config::CG_OPTIONS);
            return Err(0);
        }

        let color = config::parse_color(matches);
        let config::JsonConfig { json_rendered, json_unused_externs, .. } =
            config::parse_json(matches);
        let error_format = config::parse_error_format(matches, color, json_rendered);
        let diagnostic_width = matches.opt_get("diagnostic-width").unwrap_or_default();

        let codegen_options = CodegenOptions::build(matches, error_format);
        let unstable_opts = UnstableOptions::build(matches, error_format);

        let diag = new_handler(error_format, None, diagnostic_width, &unstable_opts);

        // check for deprecated options
        check_deprecated_options(matches, &diag);

        if matches.opt_strs("passes") == ["list"] {
            println!("Available passes for running rustdoc:");
            for pass in passes::PASSES {
                println!("{:>20} - {}", pass.name, pass.description);
            }
            println!("\nDefault passes for rustdoc:");
            for p in passes::DEFAULT_PASSES {
                print!("{:>20}", p.pass.name);
                println_condition(p.condition);
            }

            if nightly_options::match_is_nightly_build(matches) {
                println!("\nPasses run with `--show-coverage`:");
                for p in passes::COVERAGE_PASSES {
                    print!("{:>20}", p.pass.name);
                    println_condition(p.condition);
                }
            }

            fn println_condition(condition: Condition) {
                use Condition::*;
                match condition {
                    Always => println!(),
                    WhenDocumentPrivate => println!("  (when --document-private-items)"),
                    WhenNotDocumentPrivate => println!("  (when not --document-private-items)"),
                    WhenNotDocumentHidden => println!("  (when not --document-hidden-items)"),
                }
            }

            return Err(0);
        }

        let mut emit = Vec::new();
        for list in matches.opt_strs("emit") {
            for kind in list.split(',') {
                match kind.parse() {
                    Ok(kind) => emit.push(kind),
                    Err(()) => {
                        diag.err(&format!("unrecognized emission type: {}", kind));
                        return Err(1);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // check for `--output-format=json`
        if !matches!(matches.opt_str("output-format").as_deref(), None | Some("html"))
            && !matches.opt_present("show-coverage")
            && !nightly_options::is_unstable_enabled(matches)
        {
            rustc_session::early_error(
                error_format,
                "the -Z unstable-options flag must be passed to enable --output-format for documentation generation (see https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/76578)",
            );
        }

        let to_check = matches.opt_strs("check-theme");
        if !to_check.is_empty() {
            let paths = match theme::load_css_paths(
                std::str::from_utf8(static_files::STATIC_FILES.theme_light_css.bytes).unwrap(),
            ) {
                Ok(p) => p,
                Err(e) => {
                    diag.struct_err(e).emit();
                    return Err(1);
                }
            };
            let mut errors = 0;

            println!("rustdoc: [check-theme] Starting tests! (Ignoring all other arguments)");
            for theme_file in to_check.iter() {
                print!(" - Checking \"{}\"...", theme_file);
                let (success, differences) = theme::test_theme_against(theme_file, &paths, &diag);
                if !differences.is_empty() || !success {
                    println!(" FAILED");
                    errors += 1;
                    if !differences.is_empty() {
                        println!("{}", differences.join("\n"));
                    }
                } else {
                    println!(" OK");
                }
            }
            if errors != 0 {
                return Err(1);
            }
            return Err(0);
        }

        let (lint_opts, describe_lints, lint_cap) = get_cmd_lint_options(matches, error_format);

        let input = PathBuf::from(if describe_lints {
            "" // dummy, this won't be used
        } else if matches.free.is_empty() {
            diag.struct_err("missing file operand").emit();
            return Err(1);
        } else if matches.free.len() > 1 {
            diag.struct_err("too many file operands").emit();
            return Err(1);
        } else {
            &matches.free[0]
        });

        let libs = matches
            .opt_strs("L")
            .iter()
            .map(|s| SearchPath::from_cli_opt(s, error_format))
            .collect();
        let externs = parse_externs(matches, &unstable_opts, error_format);
        let extern_html_root_urls = match parse_extern_html_roots(matches) {
            Ok(ex) => ex,
            Err(err) => {
                diag.struct_err(err).emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
        };

        let default_settings: Vec<Vec<(String, String)>> = vec![
            matches
                .opt_str("default-theme")
                .iter()
                .flat_map(|theme| {
                    vec![
                        ("use-system-theme".to_string(), "false".to_string()),
                        ("theme".to_string(), theme.to_string()),
                    ]
                })
                .collect(),
            matches
                .opt_strs("default-setting")
                .iter()
                .map(|s| match s.split_once('=') {
                    None => (s.clone(), "true".to_string()),
                    Some((k, v)) => (k.to_string(), v.to_string()),
                })
                .collect(),
        ];
        let default_settings = default_settings
            .into_iter()
            .flatten()
            .map(
                // The keys here become part of `data-` attribute names in the generated HTML.  The
                // browser does a strange mapping when converting them into attributes on the
                // `dataset` property on the DOM HTML Node:
                //   https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement/dataset
                //
                // The original key values we have are the same as the DOM storage API keys and the
                // command line options, so contain `-`.  Our Javascript needs to be able to look
                // these values up both in `dataset` and in the storage API, so it needs to be able
                // to convert the names back and forth.  Despite doing this kebab-case to
                // StudlyCaps transformation automatically, the JS DOM API does not provide a
                // mechanism for doing just the transformation on a string.  So we want to avoid
                // the StudlyCaps representation in the `dataset` property.
                //
                // We solve this by replacing all the `-`s with `_`s.  We do that here, when we
                // generate the `data-` attributes, and in the JS, when we look them up.  (See
                // `getSettingValue` in `storage.js.`) Converting `-` to `_` is simple in JS.
                //
                // The values will be HTML-escaped by the default Tera escaping.
                |(k, v)| (k.replace('-', "_"), v),
            )
            .collect();

        let test_args = matches.opt_strs("test-args");
        let test_args: Vec<String> =
            test_args.iter().flat_map(|s| s.split_whitespace()).map(|s| s.to_string()).collect();

        let should_test = matches.opt_present("test");
        let no_run = matches.opt_present("no-run");

        if !should_test && no_run {
            diag.err("the `--test` flag must be passed to enable `--no-run`");
            return Err(1);
        }

        let out_dir = matches.opt_str("out-dir").map(|s| PathBuf::from(&s));
        let output = matches.opt_str("output").map(|s| PathBuf::from(&s));
        let output = match (out_dir, output) {
            (Some(_), Some(_)) => {
                diag.struct_err("cannot use both 'out-dir' and 'output' at once").emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
            (Some(out_dir), None) => out_dir,
            (None, Some(output)) => output,
            (None, None) => PathBuf::from("doc"),
        };

        let cfgs = matches.opt_strs("cfg");
        let check_cfgs = matches.opt_strs("check-cfg");

        let extension_css = matches.opt_str("e").map(|s| PathBuf::from(&s));

        if let Some(ref p) = extension_css {
            if !p.is_file() {
                diag.struct_err("option --extend-css argument must be a file").emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
        }

        let mut themes = Vec::new();
        if matches.opt_present("theme") {
            let paths = match theme::load_css_paths(
                std::str::from_utf8(static_files::STATIC_FILES.theme_light_css.bytes).unwrap(),
            ) {
                Ok(p) => p,
                Err(e) => {
                    diag.struct_err(e).emit();
                    return Err(1);
                }
            };

            for (theme_file, theme_s) in
                matches.opt_strs("theme").iter().map(|s| (PathBuf::from(&s), s.to_owned()))
            {
                if !theme_file.is_file() {
                    diag.struct_err(&format!("invalid argument: \"{}\"", theme_s))
                        .help("arguments to --theme must be files")
                        .emit();
                    return Err(1);
                }
                if theme_file.extension() != Some(OsStr::new("css")) {
                    diag.struct_err(&format!("invalid argument: \"{}\"", theme_s))
                        .help("arguments to --theme must have a .css extension")
                        .emit();
                    return Err(1);
                }
                let (success, ret) = theme::test_theme_against(&theme_file, &paths, &diag);
                if !success {
                    diag.struct_err(&format!("error loading theme file: \"{}\"", theme_s)).emit();
                    return Err(1);
                } else if !ret.is_empty() {
                    diag.struct_warn(&format!(
                        "theme file \"{}\" is missing CSS rules from the default theme",
                        theme_s
                    ))
                    .warn("the theme may appear incorrect when loaded")
                    .help(&format!(
                        "to see what rules are missing, call `rustdoc --check-theme \"{}\"`",
                        theme_s
                    ))
                    .emit();
                }
                themes.push(StylePath { path: theme_file });
            }
        }

        let edition = config::parse_crate_edition(matches);

        let mut id_map = html::markdown::IdMap::new();
        let Some(external_html) = ExternalHtml::load(
            &matches.opt_strs("html-in-header"),
            &matches.opt_strs("html-before-content"),
            &matches.opt_strs("html-after-content"),
            &matches.opt_strs("markdown-before-content"),
            &matches.opt_strs("markdown-after-content"),
            nightly_options::match_is_nightly_build(matches),
            &diag,
            &mut id_map,
            edition,
            &None,
        ) else {
            return Err(3);
        };

        match matches.opt_str("r").as_deref() {
            Some("rust") | None => {}
            Some(s) => {
                diag.struct_err(&format!("unknown input format: {}", s)).emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
        }

        let index_page = matches.opt_str("index-page").map(|s| PathBuf::from(&s));
        if let Some(ref index_page) = index_page {
            if !index_page.is_file() {
                diag.struct_err("option `--index-page` argument must be a file").emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
        }

        let target = parse_target_triple(matches, error_format);

        let show_coverage = matches.opt_present("show-coverage");

        let crate_types = match parse_crate_types_from_list(matches.opt_strs("crate-type")) {
            Ok(types) => types,
            Err(e) => {
                diag.struct_err(&format!("unknown crate type: {}", e)).emit();
                return Err(1);
            }
        };

        let output_format = match matches.opt_str("output-format") {
            Some(s) => match OutputFormat::try_from(s.as_str()) {
                Ok(out_fmt) => {
                    if !out_fmt.is_json() && show_coverage {
                        diag.struct_err(
                            "html output format isn't supported for the --show-coverage option",
                        )
                        .emit();
                        return Err(1);
                    }
                    out_fmt
                }
                Err(e) => {
                    diag.struct_err(&e).emit();
                    return Err(1);
                }
            },
            None => OutputFormat::default(),
        };
        let crate_name = matches.opt_str("crate-name");
        let bin_crate = crate_types.contains(&CrateType::Executable);
        let proc_macro_crate = crate_types.contains(&CrateType::ProcMacro);
        let playground_url = matches.opt_str("playground-url");
        let maybe_sysroot = matches.opt_str("sysroot").map(PathBuf::from);
        let module_sorting = if matches.opt_present("sort-modules-by-appearance") {
            ModuleSorting::DeclarationOrder
        } else {
            ModuleSorting::Alphabetical
        };
        let resource_suffix = matches.opt_str("resource-suffix").unwrap_or_default();
        let markdown_no_toc = matches.opt_present("markdown-no-toc");
        let markdown_css = matches.opt_strs("markdown-css");
        let markdown_playground_url = matches.opt_str("markdown-playground-url");
        let crate_version = matches.opt_str("crate-version");
        let enable_index_page = matches.opt_present("enable-index-page") || index_page.is_some();
        let static_root_path = matches.opt_str("static-root-path");
        let test_run_directory = matches.opt_str("test-run-directory").map(PathBuf::from);
        let persist_doctests = matches.opt_str("persist-doctests").map(PathBuf::from);
        let test_builder = matches.opt_str("test-builder").map(PathBuf::from);
        let codegen_options_strs = matches.opt_strs("C");
        let unstable_opts_strs = matches.opt_strs("Z");
        let lib_strs = matches.opt_strs("L");
        let extern_strs = matches.opt_strs("extern");
        let runtool = matches.opt_str("runtool");
        let runtool_args = matches.opt_strs("runtool-arg");
        let enable_per_target_ignores = matches.opt_present("enable-per-target-ignores");
        let document_private = matches.opt_present("document-private-items");
        let document_hidden = matches.opt_present("document-hidden-items");
        let run_check = matches.opt_present("check");
        let generate_redirect_map = matches.opt_present("generate-redirect-map");
        let show_type_layout = matches.opt_present("show-type-layout");
        let nocapture = matches.opt_present("nocapture");
        let generate_link_to_definition = matches.opt_present("generate-link-to-definition");
        let extern_html_root_takes_precedence =
            matches.opt_present("extern-html-root-takes-precedence");

        if generate_link_to_definition && (show_coverage || output_format != OutputFormat::Html) {
            diag.struct_err(
                "--generate-link-to-definition option can only be used with HTML output format",
            )
            .emit();
            return Err(1);
        }

        let scrape_examples_options = ScrapeExamplesOptions::new(matches, &diag)?;
        let with_examples = matches.opt_strs("with-examples");
        let call_locations = crate::scrape_examples::load_call_locations(with_examples, &diag)?;

        let unstable_features =
            rustc_feature::UnstableFeatures::from_environment(crate_name.as_deref());
        let options = Options {
            input,
            bin_crate,
            proc_macro_crate,
            error_format,
            diagnostic_width,
            libs,
            lib_strs,
            externs,
            extern_strs,
            cfgs,
            check_cfgs,
            codegen_options,
            codegen_options_strs,
            unstable_opts,
            unstable_opts_strs,
            target,
            edition,
            maybe_sysroot,
            lint_opts,
            describe_lints,
            lint_cap,
            should_test,
            test_args,
            show_coverage,
            crate_version,
            test_run_directory,
            persist_doctests,
            runtool,
            runtool_args,
            enable_per_target_ignores,
            test_builder,
            run_check,
            no_run,
            nocapture,
            crate_name,
            output_format,
            json_unused_externs,
            scrape_examples_options,
            unstable_features,
        };
        let render_options = RenderOptions {
            output,
            external_html,
            id_map,
            playground_url,
            module_sorting,
            themes,
            extension_css,
            extern_html_root_urls,
            extern_html_root_takes_precedence,
            default_settings,
            resource_suffix,
            enable_index_page,
            index_page,
            static_root_path,
            markdown_no_toc,
            markdown_css,
            markdown_playground_url,
            document_private,
            document_hidden,
            generate_redirect_map,
            show_type_layout,
            unstable_features,
            emit,
            generate_link_to_definition,
            call_locations,
            no_emit_shared: false,
        };
        Ok((options, render_options))
    }

    /// Returns `true` if the file given as `self.input` is a Markdown file.
    pub(crate) fn markdown_input(&self) -> bool {
        self.input.extension().map_or(false, |e| e == "md" || e == "markdown")
    }
}

/// Prints deprecation warnings for deprecated options
fn check_deprecated_options(matches: &getopts::Matches, diag: &rustc_errors::Handler) {
    let deprecated_flags = [];

    for &flag in deprecated_flags.iter() {
        if matches.opt_present(flag) {
            diag.struct_warn(&format!("the `{}` flag is deprecated", flag))
                .note(
                    "see issue #44136 <https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/44136> \
                    for more information",
                )
                .emit();
        }
    }

    let removed_flags = ["plugins", "plugin-path", "no-defaults", "passes", "input-format"];

    for &flag in removed_flags.iter() {
        if matches.opt_present(flag) {
            let mut err = diag.struct_warn(&format!("the `{}` flag no longer functions", flag));
            err.note(
                "see issue #44136 <https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/44136> \
                for more information",
            );

            if flag == "no-defaults" || flag == "passes" {
                err.help("you may want to use --document-private-items");
            } else if flag == "plugins" || flag == "plugin-path" {
                err.warn("see CVE-2018-1000622");
            }

            err.emit();
        }
    }
}

/// Extracts `--extern-html-root-url` arguments from `matches` and returns a map of crate names to
/// the given URLs. If an `--extern-html-root-url` argument was ill-formed, returns an error
/// describing the issue.
fn parse_extern_html_roots(
    matches: &getopts::Matches,
) -> Result<BTreeMap<String, String>, &'static str> {
    let mut externs = BTreeMap::new();
    for arg in &matches.opt_strs("extern-html-root-url") {
        let (name, url) =
            arg.split_once('=').ok_or("--extern-html-root-url must be of the form name=url")?;
        externs.insert(name.to_string(), url.to_string());
    }
    Ok(externs)
}