Enum core::result::Result

1.0.0 · source ·
pub enum Result<T, E> {
    Ok(T),
    Err(E),
}
Expand description

Result is a type that represents either success (Ok) or failure (Err).

See the module documentation for details.

Variants§

§

Ok(T)

Contains the success value

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Err(E)

Contains the error value

Implementations§

source§

impl<T, E> Result<T, E>

const: 1.48.0 · source

pub const fn is_ok(&self) -> bool

Returns true if the result is Ok.

§Examples
let x: Result<i32, &str> = Ok(-3);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok(), true);

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.is_ok(), false);
Run
1.70.0 · source

pub fn is_ok_and(self, f: impl FnOnce(T) -> bool) -> bool

Returns true if the result is Ok and the value inside of it matches a predicate.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|x| x > 1), true);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(0);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|x| x > 1), false);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("hey");
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|x| x > 1), false);
Run
const: 1.48.0 · source

pub const fn is_err(&self) -> bool

Returns true if the result is Err.

§Examples
let x: Result<i32, &str> = Ok(-3);
assert_eq!(x.is_err(), false);

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.is_err(), true);
Run
1.70.0 · source

pub fn is_err_and(self, f: impl FnOnce(E) -> bool) -> bool

Returns true if the result is Err and the value inside of it matches a predicate.

§Examples
use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Err(Error::new(ErrorKind::NotFound, "!"));
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), true);

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Err(Error::new(ErrorKind::PermissionDenied, "!"));
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), false);

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Ok(123);
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), false);
Run
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pub fn ok(self) -> Option<T>

Converts from Result<T, E> to Option<T>.

Converts self into an Option<T>, consuming self, and discarding the error, if any.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.ok(), Some(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Nothing here");
assert_eq!(x.ok(), None);
Run
source

pub fn err(self) -> Option<E>

Converts from Result<T, E> to Option<E>.

Converts self into an Option<E>, consuming self, and discarding the success value, if any.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.err(), None);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Nothing here");
assert_eq!(x.err(), Some("Nothing here"));
Run
const: 1.48.0 · source

pub const fn as_ref(&self) -> Result<&T, &E>

Converts from &Result<T, E> to Result<&T, &E>.

Produces a new Result, containing a reference into the original, leaving the original in place.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Ok(&2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Error");
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Err(&"Error"));
Run
const: unstable · source

pub fn as_mut(&mut self) -> Result<&mut T, &mut E>

Converts from &mut Result<T, E> to Result<&mut T, &mut E>.

§Examples
fn mutate(r: &mut Result<i32, i32>) {
    match r.as_mut() {
        Ok(v) => *v = 42,
        Err(e) => *e = 0,
    }
}

let mut x: Result<i32, i32> = Ok(2);
mutate(&mut x);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 42);

let mut x: Result<i32, i32> = Err(13);
mutate(&mut x);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_err(), 0);
Run
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pub fn map<U, F: FnOnce(T) -> U>(self, op: F) -> Result<U, E>

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<U, E> by applying a function to a contained Ok value, leaving an Err value untouched.

This function can be used to compose the results of two functions.

§Examples

Print the numbers on each line of a string multiplied by two.

let line = "1\n2\n3\n4\n";

for num in line.lines() {
    match num.parse::<i32>().map(|i| i * 2) {
        Ok(n) => println!("{n}"),
        Err(..) => {}
    }
}
Run
1.41.0 · source

pub fn map_or<U, F: FnOnce(T) -> U>(self, default: U, f: F) -> U

Returns the provided default (if Err), or applies a function to the contained value (if Ok).

Arguments passed to map_or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use map_or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

§Examples
let x: Result<_, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.map_or(42, |v| v.len()), 3);

let x: Result<&str, _> = Err("bar");
assert_eq!(x.map_or(42, |v| v.len()), 42);
Run
1.41.0 · source

pub fn map_or_else<U, D: FnOnce(E) -> U, F: FnOnce(T) -> U>( self, default: D, f: F ) -> U

Maps a Result<T, E> to U by applying fallback function default to a contained Err value, or function f to a contained Ok value.

This function can be used to unpack a successful result while handling an error.

§Examples
let k = 21;

let x : Result<_, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.map_or_else(|e| k * 2, |v| v.len()), 3);

let x : Result<&str, _> = Err("bar");
assert_eq!(x.map_or_else(|e| k * 2, |v| v.len()), 42);
Run
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pub fn map_err<F, O: FnOnce(E) -> F>(self, op: O) -> Result<T, F>

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<T, F> by applying a function to a contained Err value, leaving an Ok value untouched.

This function can be used to pass through a successful result while handling an error.

§Examples
fn stringify(x: u32) -> String { format!("error code: {x}") }

let x: Result<u32, u32> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.map_err(stringify), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, u32> = Err(13);
assert_eq!(x.map_err(stringify), Err("error code: 13".to_string()));
Run
1.76.0 · source

pub fn inspect<F: FnOnce(&T)>(self, f: F) -> Self

Calls a function with a reference to the contained value if Ok.

Returns the original result.

§Examples
let x: u8 = "4"
    .parse::<u8>()
    .inspect(|x| println!("original: {x}"))
    .map(|x| x.pow(3))
    .expect("failed to parse number");
Run
1.76.0 · source

pub fn inspect_err<F: FnOnce(&E)>(self, f: F) -> Self

Calls a function with a reference to the contained value if Err.

Returns the original result.

§Examples
use std::{fs, io};

fn read() -> io::Result<String> {
    fs::read_to_string("address.txt")
        .inspect_err(|e| eprintln!("failed to read file: {e}"))
}
Run
1.47.0 · source

pub fn as_deref(&self) -> Result<&T::Target, &E>
where T: Deref,

Converts from Result<T, E> (or &Result<T, E>) to Result<&<T as Deref>::Target, &E>.

Coerces the Ok variant of the original Result via Deref and returns the new Result.

§Examples
let x: Result<String, u32> = Ok("hello".to_string());
let y: Result<&str, &u32> = Ok("hello");
assert_eq!(x.as_deref(), y);

let x: Result<String, u32> = Err(42);
let y: Result<&str, &u32> = Err(&42);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref(), y);
Run
1.47.0 · source

pub fn as_deref_mut(&mut self) -> Result<&mut T::Target, &mut E>
where T: DerefMut,

Converts from Result<T, E> (or &mut Result<T, E>) to Result<&mut <T as DerefMut>::Target, &mut E>.

Coerces the Ok variant of the original Result via DerefMut and returns the new Result.

§Examples
let mut s = "HELLO".to_string();
let mut x: Result<String, u32> = Ok("hello".to_string());
let y: Result<&mut str, &mut u32> = Ok(&mut s);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref_mut().map(|x| { x.make_ascii_uppercase(); x }), y);

let mut i = 42;
let mut x: Result<String, u32> = Err(42);
let y: Result<&mut str, &mut u32> = Err(&mut i);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref_mut().map(|x| { x.make_ascii_uppercase(); x }), y);
Run
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pub fn iter(&self) -> Iter<'_, T>

Returns an iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(7);
assert_eq!(x.iter().next(), Some(&7));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
assert_eq!(x.iter().next(), None);
Run
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pub fn iter_mut(&mut self) -> IterMut<'_, T>

Returns a mutable iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

§Examples
let mut x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(7);
match x.iter_mut().next() {
    Some(v) => *v = 40,
    None => {},
}
assert_eq!(x, Ok(40));

let mut x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
assert_eq!(x.iter_mut().next(), None);
Run
1.4.0 · source

pub fn expect(self, msg: &str) -> T
where E: Debug,

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value.

Because this function may panic, its use is generally discouraged. Instead, prefer to use pattern matching and handle the Err case explicitly, or call unwrap_or, unwrap_or_else, or unwrap_or_default.

§Panics

Panics if the value is an Err, with a panic message including the passed message, and the content of the Err.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
x.expect("Testing expect"); // panics with `Testing expect: emergency failure`
Run

We recommend that expect messages are used to describe the reason you expect the Result should be Ok.

let path = std::env::var("IMPORTANT_PATH")
    .expect("env variable `IMPORTANT_PATH` should be set by `wrapper_script.sh`");
Run

Hint: If you’re having trouble remembering how to phrase expect error messages remember to focus on the word “should” as in “env variable should be set by blah” or “the given binary should be available and executable by the current user”.

For more detail on expect message styles and the reasoning behind our recommendation please refer to the section on “Common Message Styles” in the std::error module docs.

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pub fn unwrap(self) -> T
where E: Debug,

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value.

Because this function may panic, its use is generally discouraged. Instead, prefer to use pattern matching and handle the Err case explicitly, or call unwrap_or, unwrap_or_else, or unwrap_or_default.

§Panics

Panics if the value is an Err, with a panic message provided by the Err’s value.

§Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 2);
Run
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
x.unwrap(); // panics with `emergency failure`
Run
1.16.0 · source

pub fn unwrap_or_default(self) -> T
where T: Default,

Returns the contained Ok value or a default

Consumes the self argument then, if Ok, returns the contained value, otherwise if Err, returns the default value for that type.

§Examples

Converts a string to an integer, turning poorly-formed strings into 0 (the default value for integers). parse converts a string to any other type that implements FromStr, returning an Err on error.

let good_year_from_input = "1909";
let bad_year_from_input = "190blarg";
let good_year = good_year_from_input.parse().unwrap_or_default();
let bad_year = bad_year_from_input.parse().unwrap_or_default();

assert_eq!(1909, good_year);
assert_eq!(0, bad_year);
Run
1.17.0 · source

pub fn expect_err(self, msg: &str) -> E
where T: Debug,

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value.

§Panics

Panics if the value is an Ok, with a panic message including the passed message, and the content of the Ok.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(10);
x.expect_err("Testing expect_err"); // panics with `Testing expect_err: 10`
Run
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pub fn unwrap_err(self) -> E
where T: Debug,

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value.

§Panics

Panics if the value is an Ok, with a custom panic message provided by the Ok’s value.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
x.unwrap_err(); // panics with `2`
Run
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_err(), "emergency failure");
Run
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pub fn into_ok(self) -> T
where E: Into<!>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unwrap_infallible #61695)

Returns the contained Ok value, but never panics.

Unlike unwrap, this method is known to never panic on the result types it is implemented for. Therefore, it can be used instead of unwrap as a maintainability safeguard that will fail to compile if the error type of the Result is later changed to an error that can actually occur.

§Examples

fn only_good_news() -> Result<String, !> {
    Ok("this is fine".into())
}

let s: String = only_good_news().into_ok();
println!("{s}");
Run
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pub fn into_err(self) -> E
where T: Into<!>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unwrap_infallible #61695)

Returns the contained Err value, but never panics.

Unlike unwrap_err, this method is known to never panic on the result types it is implemented for. Therefore, it can be used instead of unwrap_err as a maintainability safeguard that will fail to compile if the ok type of the Result is later changed to a type that can actually occur.

§Examples

fn only_bad_news() -> Result<!, String> {
    Err("Oops, it failed".into())
}

let error: String = only_bad_news().into_err();
println!("{error}");
Run
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pub fn and<U>(self, res: Result<U, E>) -> Result<U, E>

Returns res if the result is Ok, otherwise returns the Err value of self.

Arguments passed to and are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use and_then, which is lazily evaluated.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("late error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("early error");
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("early error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("not a 2");
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("not a 2"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Ok("different result type");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Ok("different result type"));
Run
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pub fn and_then<U, F: FnOnce(T) -> Result<U, E>>(self, op: F) -> Result<U, E>

Calls op if the result is Ok, otherwise returns the Err value of self.

This function can be used for control flow based on Result values.

§Examples
fn sq_then_to_string(x: u32) -> Result<String, &'static str> {
    x.checked_mul(x).map(|sq| sq.to_string()).ok_or("overflowed")
}

assert_eq!(Ok(2).and_then(sq_then_to_string), Ok(4.to_string()));
assert_eq!(Ok(1_000_000).and_then(sq_then_to_string), Err("overflowed"));
assert_eq!(Err("not a number").and_then(sq_then_to_string), Err("not a number"));
Run

Often used to chain fallible operations that may return Err.

use std::{io::ErrorKind, path::Path};

// Note: on Windows "/" maps to "C:\"
let root_modified_time = Path::new("/").metadata().and_then(|md| md.modified());
assert!(root_modified_time.is_ok());

let should_fail = Path::new("/bad/path").metadata().and_then(|md| md.modified());
assert!(should_fail.is_err());
assert_eq!(should_fail.unwrap_err().kind(), ErrorKind::NotFound);
Run
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pub fn or<F>(self, res: Result<T, F>) -> Result<T, F>

Returns res if the result is Err, otherwise returns the Ok value of self.

Arguments passed to or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("early error");
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("not a 2");
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Err("late error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(100);
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));
Run
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pub fn or_else<F, O: FnOnce(E) -> Result<T, F>>(self, op: O) -> Result<T, F>

Calls op if the result is Err, otherwise returns the Ok value of self.

This function can be used for control flow based on result values.

§Examples
fn sq(x: u32) -> Result<u32, u32> { Ok(x * x) }
fn err(x: u32) -> Result<u32, u32> { Err(x) }

assert_eq!(Ok(2).or_else(sq).or_else(sq), Ok(2));
assert_eq!(Ok(2).or_else(err).or_else(sq), Ok(2));
assert_eq!(Err(3).or_else(sq).or_else(err), Ok(9));
assert_eq!(Err(3).or_else(err).or_else(err), Err(3));
Run
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pub fn unwrap_or(self, default: T) -> T

Returns the contained Ok value or a provided default.

Arguments passed to unwrap_or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use unwrap_or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

§Examples
let default = 2;
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(9);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_or(default), 9);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("error");
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_or(default), default);
Run
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pub fn unwrap_or_else<F: FnOnce(E) -> T>(self, op: F) -> T

Returns the contained Ok value or computes it from a closure.

§Examples
fn count(x: &str) -> usize { x.len() }

assert_eq!(Ok(2).unwrap_or_else(count), 2);
assert_eq!(Err("foo").unwrap_or_else(count), 3);
Run
1.58.0 · source

pub unsafe fn unwrap_unchecked(self) -> T

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value, without checking that the value is not an Err.

§Safety

Calling this method on an Err is undefined behavior.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(unsafe { x.unwrap_unchecked() }, 2);
Run
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
unsafe { x.unwrap_unchecked(); } // Undefined behavior!
Run
1.58.0 · source

pub unsafe fn unwrap_err_unchecked(self) -> E

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value, without checking that the value is not an Ok.

§Safety

Calling this method on an Ok is undefined behavior.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
unsafe { x.unwrap_err_unchecked() }; // Undefined behavior!
Run
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
assert_eq!(unsafe { x.unwrap_err_unchecked() }, "emergency failure");
Run
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impl<T, E> Result<&T, E>

1.59.0 · source

pub fn copied(self) -> Result<T, E>
where T: Copy,

Maps a Result<&T, E> to a Result<T, E> by copying the contents of the Ok part.

§Examples
let val = 12;
let x: Result<&i32, i32> = Ok(&val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&12));
let copied = x.copied();
assert_eq!(copied, Ok(12));
Run
1.59.0 · source

pub fn cloned(self) -> Result<T, E>
where T: Clone,

Maps a Result<&T, E> to a Result<T, E> by cloning the contents of the Ok part.

§Examples
let val = 12;
let x: Result<&i32, i32> = Ok(&val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&12));
let cloned = x.cloned();
assert_eq!(cloned, Ok(12));
Run
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impl<T, E> Result<&mut T, E>

1.59.0 · source

pub fn copied(self) -> Result<T, E>
where T: Copy,

Maps a Result<&mut T, E> to a Result<T, E> by copying the contents of the Ok part.

§Examples
let mut val = 12;
let x: Result<&mut i32, i32> = Ok(&mut val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&mut 12));
let copied = x.copied();
assert_eq!(copied, Ok(12));
Run
1.59.0 · source

pub fn cloned(self) -> Result<T, E>
where T: Clone,

Maps a Result<&mut T, E> to a Result<T, E> by cloning the contents of the Ok part.

§Examples
let mut val = 12;
let x: Result<&mut i32, i32> = Ok(&mut val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&mut 12));
let cloned = x.cloned();
assert_eq!(cloned, Ok(12));
Run
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impl<T, E> Result<Option<T>, E>

1.33.0 (const: unstable) · source

pub fn transpose(self) -> Option<Result<T, E>>

Transposes a Result of an Option into an Option of a Result.

Ok(None) will be mapped to None. Ok(Some(_)) and Err(_) will be mapped to Some(Ok(_)) and Some(Err(_)).

§Examples
#[derive(Debug, Eq, PartialEq)]
struct SomeErr;

let x: Result<Option<i32>, SomeErr> = Ok(Some(5));
let y: Option<Result<i32, SomeErr>> = Some(Ok(5));
assert_eq!(x.transpose(), y);
Run
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impl<T, E> Result<Result<T, E>, E>

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pub fn flatten(self) -> Result<T, E>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_flattening #70142)

Converts from Result<Result<T, E>, E> to Result<T, E>

§Examples
#![feature(result_flattening)]
let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Ok(Ok("hello"));
assert_eq!(Ok("hello"), x.flatten());

let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Ok(Err(6));
assert_eq!(Err(6), x.flatten());

let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Err(6);
assert_eq!(Err(6), x.flatten());
Run

Flattening only removes one level of nesting at a time:

#![feature(result_flattening)]
let x: Result<Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32>, u32> = Ok(Ok(Ok("hello")));
assert_eq!(Ok(Ok("hello")), x.flatten());
assert_eq!(Ok("hello"), x.flatten().flatten());
Run

Trait Implementations§

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impl<T, E> Clone for Result<T, E>
where T: Clone, E: Clone,

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fn clone(&self) -> Self

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
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fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl<T: Debug, E: Debug> Debug for Result<T, E>

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<A, E, V: FromIterator<A>> FromIterator<Result<A, E>> for Result<V, E>

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fn from_iter<I: IntoIterator<Item = Result<A, E>>>(iter: I) -> Result<V, E>

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, a container with the values of each Result is returned.

Here is an example which increments every integer in a vector, checking for overflow:

let v = vec![1, 2];
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32|
    x.checked_add(1).ok_or("Overflow!")
).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Ok(vec![2, 3]));
Run

Here is another example that tries to subtract one from another list of integers, this time checking for underflow:

let v = vec![1, 2, 0];
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32|
    x.checked_sub(1).ok_or("Underflow!")
).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Err("Underflow!"));
Run

Here is a variation on the previous example, showing that no further elements are taken from iter after the first Err.

let v = vec![3, 2, 1, 10];
let mut shared = 0;
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32| {
    shared += x;
    x.checked_sub(2).ok_or("Underflow!")
}).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Err("Underflow!"));
assert_eq!(shared, 6);
Run

Since the third element caused an underflow, no further elements were taken, so the final value of shared is 6 (= 3 + 2 + 1), not 16.

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impl<T, E, F: From<E>> FromResidual<Result<Infallible, E>> for Poll<Option<Result<T, F>>>

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fn from_residual(x: Result<Infallible, E>) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more
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impl<T, E, F: From<E>> FromResidual<Result<Infallible, E>> for Poll<Result<T, F>>

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fn from_residual(x: Result<Infallible, E>) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more
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impl<T, E, F: From<E>> FromResidual<Result<Infallible, E>> for Result<T, F>

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fn from_residual(residual: Result<Infallible, E>) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more
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impl<T, E, F: From<E>> FromResidual<Yeet<E>> for Result<T, F>

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fn from_residual(ops::Yeet: Yeet<E>) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more
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impl<T: Hash, E: Hash> Hash for Result<T, E>

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fn hash<__H: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut __H)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)
where Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<'a, T, E> IntoIterator for &'a Result<T, E>

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type Item = &'a T

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = Iter<'a, T>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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fn into_iter(self) -> Iter<'a, T>

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<'a, T, E> IntoIterator for &'a mut Result<T, E>

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type Item = &'a mut T

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = IterMut<'a, T>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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fn into_iter(self) -> IterMut<'a, T>

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more
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impl<T, E> IntoIterator for Result<T, E>

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fn into_iter(self) -> IntoIter<T>

Returns a consuming iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

§Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(5);
let v: Vec<u32> = x.into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(v, [5]);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
let v: Vec<u32> = x.into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(v, []);
Run
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type Item = T

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = IntoIter<T>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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impl<T: Ord, E: Ord> Ord for Result<T, E>

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fn cmp(&self, other: &Result<T, E>) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Self
where Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
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impl<T: PartialEq, E: PartialEq> PartialEq for Result<T, E>

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fn eq(&self, other: &Result<T, E>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl<T: PartialOrd, E: PartialOrd> PartialOrd for Result<T, E>

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Result<T, E>) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
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fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
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fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
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fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.16.0 · source§

impl<T, U, E> Product<Result<U, E>> for Result<T, E>
where T: Product<U>,

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fn product<I>(iter: I) -> Result<T, E>
where I: Iterator<Item = Result<U, E>>,

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, the product of all elements is returned.

§Examples

This multiplies each number in a vector of strings, if a string could not be parsed the operation returns Err:

let nums = vec!["5", "10", "1", "2"];
let total: Result<usize, _> = nums.iter().map(|w| w.parse::<usize>()).product();
assert_eq!(total, Ok(100));
let nums = vec!["5", "10", "one", "2"];
let total: Result<usize, _> = nums.iter().map(|w| w.parse::<usize>()).product();
assert!(total.is_err());
Run
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impl<T, E> Residual<T> for Result<Infallible, E>

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type TryType = Result<T, E>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2_residual #91285)
The “return” type of this meta-function.
1.16.0 · source§

impl<T, U, E> Sum<Result<U, E>> for Result<T, E>
where T: Sum<U>,

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fn sum<I>(iter: I) -> Result<T, E>
where I: Iterator<Item = Result<U, E>>,

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, the sum of all elements is returned.

§Examples

This sums up every integer in a vector, rejecting the sum if a negative element is encountered:

let f = |&x: &i32| if x < 0 { Err("Negative element found") } else { Ok(x) };
let v = vec![1, 2];
let res: Result<i32, _> = v.iter().map(f).sum();
assert_eq!(res, Ok(3));
let v = vec![1, -2];
let res: Result<i32, _> = v.iter().map(f).sum();
assert_eq!(res, Err("Negative element found"));
Run
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impl<T, E> Try for Result<T, E>

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type Output = T

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
The type of the value produced by ? when not short-circuiting.
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type Residual = Result<Infallible, E>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
The type of the value passed to FromResidual::from_residual as part of ? when short-circuiting. Read more
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fn from_output(output: Self::Output) -> Self

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Constructs the type from its Output type. Read more
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fn branch(self) -> ControlFlow<Self::Residual, Self::Output>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2 #84277)
Used in ? to decide whether the operator should produce a value (because this returned ControlFlow::Continue) or propagate a value back to the caller (because this returned ControlFlow::Break). Read more
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impl<T: Copy, E: Copy> Copy for Result<T, E>

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impl<T: Eq, E: Eq> Eq for Result<T, E>

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impl<T, E> StructuralPartialEq for Result<T, E>

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T, E> RefUnwindSafe for Result<T, E>

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impl<T, E> Send for Result<T, E>
where E: Send, T: Send,

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impl<T, E> Sync for Result<T, E>
where E: Sync, T: Sync,

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impl<T, E> Unpin for Result<T, E>
where E: Unpin, T: Unpin,

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impl<T, E> UnwindSafe for Result<T, E>
where E: UnwindSafe, T: UnwindSafe,

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.