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use rustc_hir::{def::DefKind, Body, Item, ItemKind, Node, TyKind};
use rustc_hir::{Path, QPath};
use rustc_infer::infer::InferCtxt;
use rustc_infer::traits::{Obligation, ObligationCause};
use rustc_middle::ty::{self, Binder, Ty, TyCtxt, TypeFoldable, TypeFolder};
use rustc_middle::ty::{EarlyBinder, TraitRef, TypeSuperFoldable};
use rustc_session::{declare_lint, impl_lint_pass};
use rustc_span::def_id::{DefId, LOCAL_CRATE};
use rustc_span::Span;
use rustc_span::{sym, symbol::kw, ExpnKind, MacroKind};
use rustc_trait_selection::infer::TyCtxtInferExt;
use rustc_trait_selection::traits::error_reporting::ambiguity::{
    compute_applicable_impls_for_diagnostics, CandidateSource,
};

use crate::lints::{NonLocalDefinitionsCargoUpdateNote, NonLocalDefinitionsDiag};
use crate::{LateContext, LateLintPass, LintContext};

declare_lint! {
    /// The `non_local_definitions` lint checks for `impl` blocks and `#[macro_export]`
    /// macro inside bodies (functions, enum discriminant, ...).
    ///
    /// ### Example
    ///
    /// ```rust
    /// #![warn(non_local_definitions)]
    /// trait MyTrait {}
    /// struct MyStruct;
    ///
    /// fn foo() {
    ///     impl MyTrait for MyStruct {}
    /// }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// {{produces}}
    ///
    /// ### Explanation
    ///
    /// Creating non-local definitions go against expectation and can create discrepancies
    /// in tooling. It should be avoided. It may become deny-by-default in edition 2024
    /// and higher, see the tracking issue <https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/120363>.
    ///
    /// An `impl` definition is non-local if it is nested inside an item and neither
    /// the type nor the trait are at the same nesting level as the `impl` block.
    ///
    /// All nested bodies (functions, enum discriminant, array length, consts) (expect for
    /// `const _: Ty = { ... }` in top-level module, which is still undecided) are checked.
    pub NON_LOCAL_DEFINITIONS,
    Warn,
    "checks for non-local definitions",
    report_in_external_macro
}

#[derive(Default)]
pub struct NonLocalDefinitions {
    body_depth: u32,
}

impl_lint_pass!(NonLocalDefinitions => [NON_LOCAL_DEFINITIONS]);

// FIXME(Urgau): Figure out how to handle modules nested in bodies.
// It's currently not handled by the current logic because modules are not bodies.
// They don't even follow the correct order (check_body -> check_mod -> check_body_post)
// instead check_mod is called after every body has been handled.

impl<'tcx> LateLintPass<'tcx> for NonLocalDefinitions {
    fn check_body(&mut self, _cx: &LateContext<'tcx>, _body: &'tcx Body<'tcx>) {
        self.body_depth += 1;
    }

    fn check_body_post(&mut self, _cx: &LateContext<'tcx>, _body: &'tcx Body<'tcx>) {
        self.body_depth -= 1;
    }

    fn check_item(&mut self, cx: &LateContext<'tcx>, item: &'tcx Item<'tcx>) {
        if self.body_depth == 0 {
            return;
        }

        let def_id = item.owner_id.def_id.into();
        let parent = cx.tcx.parent(def_id);
        let parent_def_kind = cx.tcx.def_kind(parent);
        let parent_opt_item_name = cx.tcx.opt_item_name(parent);

        // Per RFC we (currently) ignore anon-const (`const _: Ty = ...`) in top-level module.
        if self.body_depth == 1
            && parent_def_kind == DefKind::Const
            && parent_opt_item_name == Some(kw::Underscore)
        {
            return;
        }

        let cargo_update = || {
            let oexpn = item.span.ctxt().outer_expn_data();
            if let Some(def_id) = oexpn.macro_def_id
                && let ExpnKind::Macro(macro_kind, macro_name) = oexpn.kind
                && def_id.krate != LOCAL_CRATE
                && rustc_session::utils::was_invoked_from_cargo()
            {
                Some(NonLocalDefinitionsCargoUpdateNote {
                    macro_kind: macro_kind.descr(),
                    macro_name,
                    crate_name: cx.tcx.crate_name(def_id.krate),
                })
            } else {
                None
            }
        };

        match item.kind {
            ItemKind::Impl(impl_) => {
                // The RFC states:
                //
                // > An item nested inside an expression-containing item (through any
                // > level of nesting) may not define an impl Trait for Type unless
                // > either the **Trait** or the **Type** is also nested inside the
                // > same expression-containing item.
                //
                // To achieve this we get try to get the paths of the _Trait_ and
                // _Type_, and we look inside thoses paths to try a find in one
                // of them a type whose parent is the same as the impl definition.
                //
                // If that's the case this means that this impl block declaration
                // is using local items and so we don't lint on it.

                // We also ignore anon-const in item by including the anon-const
                // parent as well.
                let parent_parent = if parent_def_kind == DefKind::Const
                    && parent_opt_item_name == Some(kw::Underscore)
                {
                    Some(cx.tcx.parent(parent))
                } else {
                    None
                };

                // Part 1: Is the Self type local?
                let self_ty_has_local_parent = match impl_.self_ty.kind {
                    TyKind::Path(QPath::Resolved(_, ty_path)) => {
                        path_has_local_parent(ty_path, cx, parent, parent_parent)
                    }
                    TyKind::TraitObject([principle_poly_trait_ref, ..], _, _) => {
                        path_has_local_parent(
                            principle_poly_trait_ref.trait_ref.path,
                            cx,
                            parent,
                            parent_parent,
                        )
                    }
                    TyKind::TraitObject([], _, _)
                    | TyKind::InferDelegation(_, _)
                    | TyKind::Slice(_)
                    | TyKind::Array(_, _)
                    | TyKind::Ptr(_)
                    | TyKind::Ref(_, _)
                    | TyKind::BareFn(_)
                    | TyKind::Never
                    | TyKind::Tup(_)
                    | TyKind::Path(_)
                    | TyKind::Pat(..)
                    | TyKind::AnonAdt(_)
                    | TyKind::OpaqueDef(_, _, _)
                    | TyKind::Typeof(_)
                    | TyKind::Infer
                    | TyKind::Err(_) => false,
                };

                if self_ty_has_local_parent {
                    return;
                }

                // Part 2: Is the Trait local?
                let of_trait_has_local_parent = impl_
                    .of_trait
                    .map(|of_trait| path_has_local_parent(of_trait.path, cx, parent, parent_parent))
                    .unwrap_or(false);

                if of_trait_has_local_parent {
                    return;
                }

                // Part 3: Is the impl definition leaking outside it's defining scope?
                //
                // We always consider inherent impls to be leaking.
                let impl_has_enough_non_local_candidates = cx
                    .tcx
                    .impl_trait_ref(def_id)
                    .map(|binder| {
                        impl_trait_ref_has_enough_non_local_candidates(
                            cx.tcx,
                            item.span,
                            def_id,
                            binder,
                            |did| did_has_local_parent(did, cx.tcx, parent, parent_parent),
                        )
                    })
                    .unwrap_or(false);

                if impl_has_enough_non_local_candidates {
                    return;
                }

                // Get the span of the parent const item ident (if it's a not a const anon).
                //
                // Used to suggest changing the const item to a const anon.
                let span_for_const_anon_suggestion = if self.body_depth == 1
                    && parent_def_kind == DefKind::Const
                    && parent_opt_item_name != Some(kw::Underscore)
                    && let Some(parent) = parent.as_local()
                    && let Node::Item(item) = cx.tcx.hir_node_by_def_id(parent)
                    && let ItemKind::Const(ty, _, _) = item.kind
                    && let TyKind::Tup(&[]) = ty.kind
                {
                    Some(item.ident.span)
                } else {
                    None
                };

                cx.emit_span_lint(
                    NON_LOCAL_DEFINITIONS,
                    item.span,
                    NonLocalDefinitionsDiag::Impl {
                        depth: self.body_depth,
                        body_kind_descr: cx.tcx.def_kind_descr(parent_def_kind, parent),
                        body_name: parent_opt_item_name
                            .map(|s| s.to_ident_string())
                            .unwrap_or_else(|| "<unnameable>".to_string()),
                        cargo_update: cargo_update(),
                        const_anon: span_for_const_anon_suggestion,
                    },
                )
            }
            ItemKind::Macro(_macro, MacroKind::Bang)
                if cx.tcx.has_attr(item.owner_id.def_id, sym::macro_export) =>
            {
                // determining we if are in a doctest context can't currently be determined
                // by the code it-self (no specific attrs), but fortunatly rustdoc sets a
                // perma-unstable env for libtest so we just re-use that env for now
                let is_at_toplevel_doctest =
                    self.body_depth == 2 && std::env::var("UNSTABLE_RUSTDOC_TEST_PATH").is_ok();

                cx.emit_span_lint(
                    NON_LOCAL_DEFINITIONS,
                    item.span,
                    NonLocalDefinitionsDiag::MacroRules {
                        depth: self.body_depth,
                        body_kind_descr: cx.tcx.def_kind_descr(parent_def_kind, parent),
                        body_name: parent_opt_item_name
                            .map(|s| s.to_ident_string())
                            .unwrap_or_else(|| "<unnameable>".to_string()),
                        cargo_update: cargo_update(),
                        help: (!is_at_toplevel_doctest).then_some(()),
                        doctest_help: is_at_toplevel_doctest.then_some(()),
                        notes: (),
                    },
                )
            }
            _ => {}
        }
    }
}

// Detecting if the impl definition is leaking outside of it's defining scope.
//
// Rule: for each impl, instantiate all local types with inference vars and
// then assemble candidates for that goal, if there are more than 1 (non-private
// impls), it does not leak.
//
// https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/121621#issuecomment-1976826895
fn impl_trait_ref_has_enough_non_local_candidates<'tcx>(
    tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
    infer_span: Span,
    trait_def_id: DefId,
    binder: EarlyBinder<TraitRef<'tcx>>,
    mut did_has_local_parent: impl FnMut(DefId) -> bool,
) -> bool {
    let infcx = tcx
        .infer_ctxt()
        // We use the new trait solver since the obligation we are trying to
        // prove here may overflow and those are fatal in the old trait solver.
        // Which is unacceptable for a lint.
        //
        // Thanksfully the part we use here are very similar to the
        // new-trait-solver-as-coherence, which is in stabilization.
        //
        // https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/123573
        .with_next_trait_solver(true)
        .build();

    let trait_ref = binder.instantiate(tcx, infcx.fresh_args_for_item(infer_span, trait_def_id));

    let trait_ref = trait_ref.fold_with(&mut ReplaceLocalTypesWithInfer {
        infcx: &infcx,
        infer_span,
        did_has_local_parent: &mut did_has_local_parent,
    });

    let poly_trait_obligation = Obligation::new(
        tcx,
        ObligationCause::dummy(),
        ty::ParamEnv::empty(),
        Binder::dummy(trait_ref),
    );

    let ambiguities = compute_applicable_impls_for_diagnostics(&infcx, &poly_trait_obligation);

    let mut it = ambiguities.iter().filter(|ambi| match ambi {
        CandidateSource::DefId(did) => !did_has_local_parent(*did),
        CandidateSource::ParamEnv(_) => unreachable!(),
    });

    let _ = it.next();
    it.next().is_some()
}

/// Replace every local type by inference variable.
///
/// ```text
/// <Global<Local> as std::cmp::PartialEq<Global<Local>>>
/// to
/// <Global<_> as std::cmp::PartialEq<Global<_>>>
/// ```
struct ReplaceLocalTypesWithInfer<'a, 'tcx, F: FnMut(DefId) -> bool> {
    infcx: &'a InferCtxt<'tcx>,
    did_has_local_parent: F,
    infer_span: Span,
}

impl<'a, 'tcx, F: FnMut(DefId) -> bool> TypeFolder<TyCtxt<'tcx>>
    for ReplaceLocalTypesWithInfer<'a, 'tcx, F>
{
    fn interner(&self) -> TyCtxt<'tcx> {
        self.infcx.tcx
    }

    fn fold_ty(&mut self, t: Ty<'tcx>) -> Ty<'tcx> {
        if let Some(def) = t.ty_adt_def()
            && (self.did_has_local_parent)(def.did())
        {
            self.infcx.next_ty_var(self.infer_span)
        } else {
            t.super_fold_with(self)
        }
    }
}

/// Given a path and a parent impl def id, this checks if the if parent resolution
/// def id correspond to the def id of the parent impl definition.
///
/// Given this path, we will look at the path (and ignore any generic args):
///
/// ```text
///    std::convert::PartialEq<Foo<Bar>>
///    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
/// ```
#[inline]
fn path_has_local_parent(
    path: &Path<'_>,
    cx: &LateContext<'_>,
    impl_parent: DefId,
    impl_parent_parent: Option<DefId>,
) -> bool {
    path.res
        .opt_def_id()
        .is_some_and(|did| did_has_local_parent(did, cx.tcx, impl_parent, impl_parent_parent))
}

/// Given a def id and a parent impl def id, this checks if the parent
/// def id (modulo modules) correspond to the def id of the parent impl definition.
#[inline]
fn did_has_local_parent(
    did: DefId,
    tcx: TyCtxt<'_>,
    impl_parent: DefId,
    impl_parent_parent: Option<DefId>,
) -> bool {
    did.is_local()
        && if let Some(did_parent) = tcx.opt_parent(did) {
            did_parent == impl_parent
                || Some(did_parent) == impl_parent_parent
                || !did_parent.is_crate_root()
                    && tcx.def_kind(did_parent) == DefKind::Mod
                    && did_has_local_parent(did_parent, tcx, impl_parent, impl_parent_parent)
        } else {
            false
        }
}