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//! Conditional compilation stripping.

use crate::errors::{
    FeatureNotAllowed, FeatureRemoved, FeatureRemovedReason, InvalidCfg, MalformedFeatureAttribute,
    MalformedFeatureAttributeHelp, RemoveExprNotSupported,
};
use rustc_ast::ptr::P;
use rustc_ast::token::{Delimiter, Token, TokenKind};
use rustc_ast::tokenstream::{AttrTokenStream, AttrTokenTree, DelimSpacing, DelimSpan, Spacing};
use rustc_ast::tokenstream::{LazyAttrTokenStream, TokenTree};
use rustc_ast::NodeId;
use rustc_ast::{self as ast, AttrStyle, Attribute, HasAttrs, HasTokens, MetaItem};
use rustc_attr as attr;
use rustc_data_structures::flat_map_in_place::FlatMapInPlace;
use rustc_feature::Features;
use rustc_feature::{ACCEPTED_FEATURES, REMOVED_FEATURES, UNSTABLE_FEATURES};
use rustc_lint_defs::BuiltinLintDiag;
use rustc_parse::validate_attr;
use rustc_session::parse::feature_err;
use rustc_session::Session;
use rustc_span::symbol::{sym, Symbol};
use rustc_span::Span;
use thin_vec::ThinVec;
use tracing::instrument;

/// A folder that strips out items that do not belong in the current configuration.
pub struct StripUnconfigured<'a> {
    pub sess: &'a Session,
    pub features: Option<&'a Features>,
    /// If `true`, perform cfg-stripping on attached tokens.
    /// This is only used for the input to derive macros,
    /// which needs eager expansion of `cfg` and `cfg_attr`
    pub config_tokens: bool,
    pub lint_node_id: NodeId,
}

pub fn features(sess: &Session, krate_attrs: &[Attribute], crate_name: Symbol) -> Features {
    fn feature_list(attr: &Attribute) -> ThinVec<ast::NestedMetaItem> {
        if attr.has_name(sym::feature)
            && let Some(list) = attr.meta_item_list()
        {
            list
        } else {
            ThinVec::new()
        }
    }

    let mut features = Features::default();

    // Process all features declared in the code.
    for attr in krate_attrs {
        for mi in feature_list(attr) {
            let name = match mi.ident() {
                Some(ident) if mi.is_word() => ident.name,
                Some(ident) => {
                    sess.dcx().emit_err(MalformedFeatureAttribute {
                        span: mi.span(),
                        help: MalformedFeatureAttributeHelp::Suggestion {
                            span: mi.span(),
                            suggestion: ident.name,
                        },
                    });
                    continue;
                }
                None => {
                    sess.dcx().emit_err(MalformedFeatureAttribute {
                        span: mi.span(),
                        help: MalformedFeatureAttributeHelp::Label { span: mi.span() },
                    });
                    continue;
                }
            };

            // If the declared feature has been removed, issue an error.
            if let Some(f) = REMOVED_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.feature.name) {
                sess.dcx().emit_err(FeatureRemoved {
                    span: mi.span(),
                    reason: f.reason.map(|reason| FeatureRemovedReason { reason }),
                });
                continue;
            }

            // If the declared feature is stable, record it.
            if let Some(f) = ACCEPTED_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.name) {
                let since = Some(Symbol::intern(f.since));
                features.set_declared_lang_feature(name, mi.span(), since);
                continue;
            }

            // If `-Z allow-features` is used and the declared feature is
            // unstable and not also listed as one of the allowed features,
            // issue an error.
            if let Some(allowed) = sess.opts.unstable_opts.allow_features.as_ref() {
                if allowed.iter().all(|f| name.as_str() != f) {
                    sess.dcx().emit_err(FeatureNotAllowed { span: mi.span(), name });
                    continue;
                }
            }

            // If the declared feature is unstable, record it.
            if let Some(f) = UNSTABLE_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.feature.name) {
                (f.set_enabled)(&mut features);
                // When the ICE comes from core, alloc or std (approximation of the standard
                // library), there's a chance that the person hitting the ICE may be using
                // -Zbuild-std or similar with an untested target. The bug is probably in the
                // standard library and not the compiler in that case, but that doesn't really
                // matter - we want a bug report.
                if features.internal(name)
                    && ![sym::core, sym::alloc, sym::std].contains(&crate_name)
                {
                    sess.using_internal_features.store(true, std::sync::atomic::Ordering::Relaxed);
                }
                features.set_declared_lang_feature(name, mi.span(), None);
                continue;
            }

            // Otherwise, the feature is unknown. Record it as a lib feature.
            // It will be checked later.
            features.set_declared_lib_feature(name, mi.span());
        }
    }

    features
}

pub fn pre_configure_attrs(sess: &Session, attrs: &[Attribute]) -> ast::AttrVec {
    let strip_unconfigured = StripUnconfigured {
        sess,
        features: None,
        config_tokens: false,
        lint_node_id: ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
    };
    attrs
        .iter()
        .flat_map(|attr| strip_unconfigured.process_cfg_attr(attr))
        .take_while(|attr| !is_cfg(attr) || strip_unconfigured.cfg_true(attr).0)
        .collect()
}

#[macro_export]
macro_rules! configure {
    ($this:ident, $node:ident) => {
        match $this.configure($node) {
            Some(node) => node,
            None => return Default::default(),
        }
    };
}

impl<'a> StripUnconfigured<'a> {
    pub fn configure<T: HasAttrs + HasTokens>(&self, mut node: T) -> Option<T> {
        self.process_cfg_attrs(&mut node);
        self.in_cfg(node.attrs()).then(|| {
            self.try_configure_tokens(&mut node);
            node
        })
    }

    fn try_configure_tokens<T: HasTokens>(&self, node: &mut T) {
        if self.config_tokens {
            if let Some(Some(tokens)) = node.tokens_mut() {
                let attr_stream = tokens.to_attr_token_stream();
                *tokens = LazyAttrTokenStream::new(self.configure_tokens(&attr_stream));
            }
        }
    }

    /// Performs cfg-expansion on `stream`, producing a new `AttrTokenStream`.
    /// This is only used during the invocation of `derive` proc-macros,
    /// which require that we cfg-expand their entire input.
    /// Normal cfg-expansion operates on parsed AST nodes via the `configure` method
    fn configure_tokens(&self, stream: &AttrTokenStream) -> AttrTokenStream {
        fn can_skip(stream: &AttrTokenStream) -> bool {
            stream.0.iter().all(|tree| match tree {
                AttrTokenTree::Attributes(_) => false,
                AttrTokenTree::Token(..) => true,
                AttrTokenTree::Delimited(.., inner) => can_skip(inner),
            })
        }

        if can_skip(stream) {
            return stream.clone();
        }

        let trees: Vec<_> = stream
            .0
            .iter()
            .flat_map(|tree| match tree.clone() {
                AttrTokenTree::Attributes(mut data) => {
                    data.attrs.flat_map_in_place(|attr| self.process_cfg_attr(&attr));

                    if self.in_cfg(&data.attrs) {
                        data.tokens = LazyAttrTokenStream::new(
                            self.configure_tokens(&data.tokens.to_attr_token_stream()),
                        );
                        Some(AttrTokenTree::Attributes(data)).into_iter()
                    } else {
                        None.into_iter()
                    }
                }
                AttrTokenTree::Delimited(sp, spacing, delim, mut inner) => {
                    inner = self.configure_tokens(&inner);
                    Some(AttrTokenTree::Delimited(sp, spacing, delim, inner)).into_iter()
                }
                AttrTokenTree::Token(
                    Token {
                        kind:
                            TokenKind::NtIdent(..)
                            | TokenKind::NtLifetime(..)
                            | TokenKind::Interpolated(..),
                        ..
                    },
                    _,
                ) => {
                    panic!("Nonterminal should have been flattened: {:?}", tree);
                }
                AttrTokenTree::Token(token, spacing) => {
                    Some(AttrTokenTree::Token(token, spacing)).into_iter()
                }
            })
            .collect();
        AttrTokenStream::new(trees)
    }

    /// Parse and expand all `cfg_attr` attributes into a list of attributes
    /// that are within each `cfg_attr` that has a true configuration predicate.
    ///
    /// Gives compiler warnings if any `cfg_attr` does not contain any
    /// attributes and is in the original source code. Gives compiler errors if
    /// the syntax of any `cfg_attr` is incorrect.
    fn process_cfg_attrs<T: HasAttrs>(&self, node: &mut T) {
        node.visit_attrs(|attrs| {
            attrs.flat_map_in_place(|attr| self.process_cfg_attr(&attr));
        });
    }

    fn process_cfg_attr(&self, attr: &Attribute) -> Vec<Attribute> {
        if attr.has_name(sym::cfg_attr) {
            self.expand_cfg_attr(attr, true)
        } else {
            vec![attr.clone()]
        }
    }

    /// Parse and expand a single `cfg_attr` attribute into a list of attributes
    /// when the configuration predicate is true, or otherwise expand into an
    /// empty list of attributes.
    ///
    /// Gives a compiler warning when the `cfg_attr` contains no attributes and
    /// is in the original source file. Gives a compiler error if the syntax of
    /// the attribute is incorrect.
    pub(crate) fn expand_cfg_attr(&self, attr: &Attribute, recursive: bool) -> Vec<Attribute> {
        let Some((cfg_predicate, expanded_attrs)) =
            rustc_parse::parse_cfg_attr(attr, &self.sess.psess)
        else {
            return vec![];
        };

        // Lint on zero attributes in source.
        if expanded_attrs.is_empty() {
            self.sess.psess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::UNUSED_ATTRIBUTES,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                BuiltinLintDiag::CfgAttrNoAttributes,
            );
        }

        if !attr::cfg_matches(&cfg_predicate, &self.sess, self.lint_node_id, self.features) {
            return vec![];
        }

        if recursive {
            // We call `process_cfg_attr` recursively in case there's a
            // `cfg_attr` inside of another `cfg_attr`. E.g.
            //  `#[cfg_attr(false, cfg_attr(true, some_attr))]`.
            expanded_attrs
                .into_iter()
                .flat_map(|item| self.process_cfg_attr(&self.expand_cfg_attr_item(attr, item)))
                .collect()
        } else {
            expanded_attrs.into_iter().map(|item| self.expand_cfg_attr_item(attr, item)).collect()
        }
    }

    fn expand_cfg_attr_item(
        &self,
        attr: &Attribute,
        (item, item_span): (ast::AttrItem, Span),
    ) -> Attribute {
        let orig_tokens = attr.tokens();

        // We are taking an attribute of the form `#[cfg_attr(pred, attr)]`
        // and producing an attribute of the form `#[attr]`. We
        // have captured tokens for `attr` itself, but we need to
        // synthesize tokens for the wrapper `#` and `[]`, which
        // we do below.

        // Use the `#` in `#[cfg_attr(pred, attr)]` as the `#` token
        // for `attr` when we expand it to `#[attr]`
        let mut orig_trees = orig_tokens.trees();
        let TokenTree::Token(pound_token @ Token { kind: TokenKind::Pound, .. }, _) =
            orig_trees.next().unwrap().clone()
        else {
            panic!("Bad tokens for attribute {attr:?}");
        };
        let pound_span = pound_token.span;

        // We don't really have a good span to use for the synthesized `[]`
        // in `#[attr]`, so just use the span of the `#` token.
        let bracket_group = AttrTokenTree::Delimited(
            DelimSpan::from_single(pound_span),
            DelimSpacing::new(Spacing::JointHidden, Spacing::Alone),
            Delimiter::Bracket,
            item.tokens
                .as_ref()
                .unwrap_or_else(|| panic!("Missing tokens for {item:?}"))
                .to_attr_token_stream(),
        );
        let trees = if attr.style == AttrStyle::Inner {
            // For inner attributes, we do the same thing for the `!` in `#![some_attr]`
            let TokenTree::Token(bang_token @ Token { kind: TokenKind::Not, .. }, _) =
                orig_trees.next().unwrap().clone()
            else {
                panic!("Bad tokens for attribute {attr:?}");
            };
            vec![
                AttrTokenTree::Token(pound_token, Spacing::Joint),
                AttrTokenTree::Token(bang_token, Spacing::JointHidden),
                bracket_group,
            ]
        } else {
            vec![AttrTokenTree::Token(pound_token, Spacing::JointHidden), bracket_group]
        };
        let tokens = Some(LazyAttrTokenStream::new(AttrTokenStream::new(trees)));
        let attr = attr::mk_attr_from_item(
            &self.sess.psess.attr_id_generator,
            item,
            tokens,
            attr.style,
            item_span,
        );
        if attr.has_name(sym::crate_type) {
            self.sess.psess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::DEPRECATED_CFG_ATTR_CRATE_TYPE_NAME,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                BuiltinLintDiag::CrateTypeInCfgAttr,
            );
        }
        if attr.has_name(sym::crate_name) {
            self.sess.psess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::DEPRECATED_CFG_ATTR_CRATE_TYPE_NAME,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                BuiltinLintDiag::CrateNameInCfgAttr,
            );
        }
        attr
    }

    /// Determines if a node with the given attributes should be included in this configuration.
    fn in_cfg(&self, attrs: &[Attribute]) -> bool {
        attrs.iter().all(|attr| !is_cfg(attr) || self.cfg_true(attr).0)
    }

    pub(crate) fn cfg_true(&self, attr: &Attribute) -> (bool, Option<MetaItem>) {
        let meta_item = match validate_attr::parse_meta(&self.sess.psess, attr) {
            Ok(meta_item) => meta_item,
            Err(err) => {
                err.emit();
                return (true, None);
            }
        };
        (
            parse_cfg(&meta_item, self.sess).map_or(true, |meta_item| {
                attr::cfg_matches(meta_item, &self.sess, self.lint_node_id, self.features)
            }),
            Some(meta_item),
        )
    }

    /// If attributes are not allowed on expressions, emit an error for `attr`
    #[instrument(level = "trace", skip(self))]
    pub(crate) fn maybe_emit_expr_attr_err(&self, attr: &Attribute) {
        if self.features.is_some_and(|features| !features.stmt_expr_attributes)
            && !attr.span.allows_unstable(sym::stmt_expr_attributes)
        {
            let mut err = feature_err(
                &self.sess,
                sym::stmt_expr_attributes,
                attr.span,
                crate::fluent_generated::expand_attributes_on_expressions_experimental,
            );

            if attr.is_doc_comment() {
                err.help(if attr.style == AttrStyle::Outer {
                    crate::fluent_generated::expand_help_outer_doc
                } else {
                    crate::fluent_generated::expand_help_inner_doc
                });
            }

            err.emit();
        }
    }

    #[instrument(level = "trace", skip(self))]
    pub fn configure_expr(&self, expr: &mut P<ast::Expr>, method_receiver: bool) {
        if !method_receiver {
            for attr in expr.attrs.iter() {
                self.maybe_emit_expr_attr_err(attr);
            }
        }

        // If an expr is valid to cfg away it will have been removed by the
        // outer stmt or expression folder before descending in here.
        // Anything else is always required, and thus has to error out
        // in case of a cfg attr.
        //
        // N.B., this is intentionally not part of the visit_expr() function
        //     in order for filter_map_expr() to be able to avoid this check
        if let Some(attr) = expr.attrs().iter().find(|a| is_cfg(a)) {
            self.sess.dcx().emit_err(RemoveExprNotSupported { span: attr.span });
        }

        self.process_cfg_attrs(expr);
        self.try_configure_tokens(&mut *expr);
    }
}

pub fn parse_cfg<'a>(meta_item: &'a MetaItem, sess: &Session) -> Option<&'a MetaItem> {
    let span = meta_item.span;
    match meta_item.meta_item_list() {
        None => {
            sess.dcx().emit_err(InvalidCfg::NotFollowedByParens { span });
            None
        }
        Some([]) => {
            sess.dcx().emit_err(InvalidCfg::NoPredicate { span });
            None
        }
        Some([_, .., l]) => {
            sess.dcx().emit_err(InvalidCfg::MultiplePredicates { span: l.span() });
            None
        }
        Some([single]) => match single.meta_item() {
            Some(meta_item) => Some(meta_item),
            None => {
                sess.dcx().emit_err(InvalidCfg::PredicateLiteral { span: single.span() });
                None
            }
        },
    }
}

fn is_cfg(attr: &Attribute) -> bool {
    attr.has_name(sym::cfg)
}