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//! Conditional compilation stripping.

use rustc_ast::ptr::P;
use rustc_ast::token::{Delimiter, Token, TokenKind};
use rustc_ast::tokenstream::{AttrAnnotatedTokenStream, AttrAnnotatedTokenTree};
use rustc_ast::tokenstream::{DelimSpan, Spacing};
use rustc_ast::tokenstream::{LazyTokenStream, TokenTree};
use rustc_ast::NodeId;
use rustc_ast::{self as ast, AttrStyle, Attribute, HasAttrs, HasTokens, MetaItem};
use rustc_attr as attr;
use rustc_data_structures::fx::FxHashMap;
use rustc_data_structures::map_in_place::MapInPlace;
use rustc_errors::{error_code, struct_span_err, Applicability, Handler};
use rustc_feature::{Feature, Features, State as FeatureState};
use rustc_feature::{
    ACCEPTED_FEATURES, ACTIVE_FEATURES, REMOVED_FEATURES, STABLE_REMOVED_FEATURES,
};
use rustc_parse::validate_attr;
use rustc_session::parse::feature_err;
use rustc_session::Session;
use rustc_span::edition::{Edition, ALL_EDITIONS};
use rustc_span::symbol::{sym, Symbol};
use rustc_span::{Span, DUMMY_SP};

/// A folder that strips out items that do not belong in the current configuration.
pub struct StripUnconfigured<'a> {
    pub sess: &'a Session,
    pub features: Option<&'a Features>,
    /// If `true`, perform cfg-stripping on attached tokens.
    /// This is only used for the input to derive macros,
    /// which needs eager expansion of `cfg` and `cfg_attr`
    pub config_tokens: bool,
    pub lint_node_id: NodeId,
}

fn get_features(
    sess: &Session,
    span_handler: &Handler,
    krate_attrs: &[ast::Attribute],
) -> Features {
    fn feature_removed(span_handler: &Handler, span: Span, reason: Option<&str>) {
        let mut err = struct_span_err!(span_handler, span, E0557, "feature has been removed");
        err.span_label(span, "feature has been removed");
        if let Some(reason) = reason {
            err.note(reason);
        }
        err.emit();
    }

    fn active_features_up_to(edition: Edition) -> impl Iterator<Item = &'static Feature> {
        ACTIVE_FEATURES.iter().filter(move |feature| {
            if let Some(feature_edition) = feature.edition {
                feature_edition <= edition
            } else {
                false
            }
        })
    }

    let mut features = Features::default();
    let mut edition_enabled_features = FxHashMap::default();
    let crate_edition = sess.edition();

    for &edition in ALL_EDITIONS {
        if edition <= crate_edition {
            // The `crate_edition` implies its respective umbrella feature-gate
            // (i.e., `#![feature(rust_20XX_preview)]` isn't needed on edition 20XX).
            edition_enabled_features.insert(edition.feature_name(), edition);
        }
    }

    for feature in active_features_up_to(crate_edition) {
        feature.set(&mut features, DUMMY_SP);
        edition_enabled_features.insert(feature.name, crate_edition);
    }

    // Process the edition umbrella feature-gates first, to ensure
    // `edition_enabled_features` is completed before it's queried.
    for attr in krate_attrs {
        if !attr.has_name(sym::feature) {
            continue;
        }

        let Some(list) = attr.meta_item_list() else {
            continue;
        };

        for mi in list {
            if !mi.is_word() {
                continue;
            }

            let name = mi.name_or_empty();

            let edition = ALL_EDITIONS.iter().find(|e| name == e.feature_name()).copied();
            if let Some(edition) = edition {
                if edition <= crate_edition {
                    continue;
                }

                for feature in active_features_up_to(edition) {
                    // FIXME(Manishearth) there is currently no way to set
                    // lib features by edition
                    feature.set(&mut features, DUMMY_SP);
                    edition_enabled_features.insert(feature.name, edition);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    for attr in krate_attrs {
        if !attr.has_name(sym::feature) {
            continue;
        }

        let Some(list) = attr.meta_item_list() else {
            continue;
        };

        let bad_input = |span| {
            struct_span_err!(span_handler, span, E0556, "malformed `feature` attribute input")
        };

        for mi in list {
            let name = match mi.ident() {
                Some(ident) if mi.is_word() => ident.name,
                Some(ident) => {
                    bad_input(mi.span())
                        .span_suggestion(
                            mi.span(),
                            "expected just one word",
                            format!("{}", ident.name),
                            Applicability::MaybeIncorrect,
                        )
                        .emit();
                    continue;
                }
                None => {
                    bad_input(mi.span()).span_label(mi.span(), "expected just one word").emit();
                    continue;
                }
            };

            if let Some(edition) = edition_enabled_features.get(&name) {
                let msg =
                    &format!("the feature `{}` is included in the Rust {} edition", name, edition);
                span_handler.struct_span_warn_with_code(mi.span(), msg, error_code!(E0705)).emit();
                continue;
            }

            if ALL_EDITIONS.iter().any(|e| name == e.feature_name()) {
                // Handled in the separate loop above.
                continue;
            }

            let removed = REMOVED_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.name);
            let stable_removed = STABLE_REMOVED_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.name);
            if let Some(Feature { state, .. }) = removed.or(stable_removed) {
                if let FeatureState::Removed { reason } | FeatureState::Stabilized { reason } =
                    state
                {
                    feature_removed(span_handler, mi.span(), *reason);
                    continue;
                }
            }

            if let Some(Feature { since, .. }) = ACCEPTED_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.name) {
                let since = Some(Symbol::intern(since));
                features.declared_lang_features.push((name, mi.span(), since));
                features.active_features.insert(name);
                continue;
            }

            if let Some(allowed) = sess.opts.debugging_opts.allow_features.as_ref() {
                if allowed.iter().all(|f| name.as_str() != f) {
                    struct_span_err!(
                        span_handler,
                        mi.span(),
                        E0725,
                        "the feature `{}` is not in the list of allowed features",
                        name
                    )
                    .emit();
                    continue;
                }
            }

            if let Some(f) = ACTIVE_FEATURES.iter().find(|f| name == f.name) {
                f.set(&mut features, mi.span());
                features.declared_lang_features.push((name, mi.span(), None));
                features.active_features.insert(name);
                continue;
            }

            features.declared_lib_features.push((name, mi.span()));
            features.active_features.insert(name);
        }
    }

    features
}

// `cfg_attr`-process the crate's attributes and compute the crate's features.
pub fn features(
    sess: &Session,
    mut krate: ast::Crate,
    lint_node_id: NodeId,
) -> (ast::Crate, Features) {
    let mut strip_unconfigured =
        StripUnconfigured { sess, features: None, config_tokens: false, lint_node_id };

    let unconfigured_attrs = krate.attrs.clone();
    let diag = &sess.parse_sess.span_diagnostic;
    let err_count = diag.err_count();
    let features = match strip_unconfigured.configure_krate_attrs(krate.attrs) {
        None => {
            // The entire crate is unconfigured.
            krate.attrs = Vec::new();
            krate.items = Vec::new();
            Features::default()
        }
        Some(attrs) => {
            krate.attrs = attrs;
            let features = get_features(sess, diag, &krate.attrs);
            if err_count == diag.err_count() {
                // Avoid reconfiguring malformed `cfg_attr`s.
                strip_unconfigured.features = Some(&features);
                // Run configuration again, this time with features available
                // so that we can perform feature-gating.
                strip_unconfigured.configure_krate_attrs(unconfigured_attrs);
            }
            features
        }
    };
    (krate, features)
}

#[macro_export]
macro_rules! configure {
    ($this:ident, $node:ident) => {
        match $this.configure($node) {
            Some(node) => node,
            None => return Default::default(),
        }
    };
}

impl<'a> StripUnconfigured<'a> {
    pub fn configure<T: HasAttrs + HasTokens>(&self, mut node: T) -> Option<T> {
        self.process_cfg_attrs(&mut node);
        if self.in_cfg(node.attrs()) {
            self.try_configure_tokens(&mut node);
            Some(node)
        } else {
            None
        }
    }

    fn try_configure_tokens<T: HasTokens>(&self, node: &mut T) {
        if self.config_tokens {
            if let Some(Some(tokens)) = node.tokens_mut() {
                let attr_annotated_tokens = tokens.create_token_stream();
                *tokens = LazyTokenStream::new(self.configure_tokens(&attr_annotated_tokens));
            }
        }
    }

    fn configure_krate_attrs(&self, mut attrs: Vec<ast::Attribute>) -> Option<Vec<ast::Attribute>> {
        attrs.flat_map_in_place(|attr| self.process_cfg_attr(attr));
        if self.in_cfg(&attrs) { Some(attrs) } else { None }
    }

    /// Performs cfg-expansion on `stream`, producing a new `AttrAnnotatedTokenStream`.
    /// This is only used during the invocation of `derive` proc-macros,
    /// which require that we cfg-expand their entire input.
    /// Normal cfg-expansion operates on parsed AST nodes via the `configure` method
    fn configure_tokens(&self, stream: &AttrAnnotatedTokenStream) -> AttrAnnotatedTokenStream {
        fn can_skip(stream: &AttrAnnotatedTokenStream) -> bool {
            stream.0.iter().all(|(tree, _spacing)| match tree {
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Attributes(_) => false,
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(_) => true,
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Delimited(_, _, inner) => can_skip(inner),
            })
        }

        if can_skip(stream) {
            return stream.clone();
        }

        let trees: Vec<_> = stream
            .0
            .iter()
            .flat_map(|(tree, spacing)| match tree.clone() {
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Attributes(mut data) => {
                    let mut attrs: Vec<_> = std::mem::take(&mut data.attrs).into();
                    attrs.flat_map_in_place(|attr| self.process_cfg_attr(attr));
                    data.attrs = attrs.into();

                    if self.in_cfg(&data.attrs) {
                        data.tokens = LazyTokenStream::new(
                            self.configure_tokens(&data.tokens.create_token_stream()),
                        );
                        Some((AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Attributes(data), *spacing)).into_iter()
                    } else {
                        None.into_iter()
                    }
                }
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Delimited(sp, delim, mut inner) => {
                    inner = self.configure_tokens(&inner);
                    Some((AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Delimited(sp, delim, inner), *spacing))
                        .into_iter()
                }
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(ref token) if let TokenKind::Interpolated(ref nt) = token.kind => {
                    panic!(
                        "Nonterminal should have been flattened at {:?}: {:?}",
                        token.span, nt
                    );
                }
                AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(token) => {
                    Some((AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(token), *spacing)).into_iter()
                }
            })
            .collect();
        AttrAnnotatedTokenStream::new(trees)
    }

    /// Parse and expand all `cfg_attr` attributes into a list of attributes
    /// that are within each `cfg_attr` that has a true configuration predicate.
    ///
    /// Gives compiler warnings if any `cfg_attr` does not contain any
    /// attributes and is in the original source code. Gives compiler errors if
    /// the syntax of any `cfg_attr` is incorrect.
    fn process_cfg_attrs<T: HasAttrs>(&self, node: &mut T) {
        node.visit_attrs(|attrs| {
            attrs.flat_map_in_place(|attr| self.process_cfg_attr(attr));
        });
    }

    fn process_cfg_attr(&self, attr: Attribute) -> Vec<Attribute> {
        if attr.has_name(sym::cfg_attr) { self.expand_cfg_attr(attr, true) } else { vec![attr] }
    }

    /// Parse and expand a single `cfg_attr` attribute into a list of attributes
    /// when the configuration predicate is true, or otherwise expand into an
    /// empty list of attributes.
    ///
    /// Gives a compiler warning when the `cfg_attr` contains no attributes and
    /// is in the original source file. Gives a compiler error if the syntax of
    /// the attribute is incorrect.
    pub(crate) fn expand_cfg_attr(&self, attr: Attribute, recursive: bool) -> Vec<Attribute> {
        let Some((cfg_predicate, expanded_attrs)) =
            rustc_parse::parse_cfg_attr(&attr, &self.sess.parse_sess) else {
                return vec![];
            };

        // Lint on zero attributes in source.
        if expanded_attrs.is_empty() {
            self.sess.parse_sess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::UNUSED_ATTRIBUTES,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                "`#[cfg_attr]` does not expand to any attributes",
            );
        }

        if !attr::cfg_matches(
            &cfg_predicate,
            &self.sess.parse_sess,
            self.lint_node_id,
            self.features,
        ) {
            return vec![];
        }

        if recursive {
            // We call `process_cfg_attr` recursively in case there's a
            // `cfg_attr` inside of another `cfg_attr`. E.g.
            //  `#[cfg_attr(false, cfg_attr(true, some_attr))]`.
            expanded_attrs
                .into_iter()
                .flat_map(|item| self.process_cfg_attr(self.expand_cfg_attr_item(&attr, item)))
                .collect()
        } else {
            expanded_attrs.into_iter().map(|item| self.expand_cfg_attr_item(&attr, item)).collect()
        }
    }

    fn expand_cfg_attr_item(
        &self,
        attr: &Attribute,
        (item, item_span): (ast::AttrItem, Span),
    ) -> Attribute {
        let orig_tokens = attr.tokens().to_tokenstream();

        // We are taking an attribute of the form `#[cfg_attr(pred, attr)]`
        // and producing an attribute of the form `#[attr]`. We
        // have captured tokens for `attr` itself, but we need to
        // synthesize tokens for the wrapper `#` and `[]`, which
        // we do below.

        // Use the `#` in `#[cfg_attr(pred, attr)]` as the `#` token
        // for `attr` when we expand it to `#[attr]`
        let mut orig_trees = orig_tokens.into_trees();
        let TokenTree::Token(pound_token @ Token { kind: TokenKind::Pound, .. }) = orig_trees.next().unwrap() else {
            panic!("Bad tokens for attribute {:?}", attr);
        };
        let pound_span = pound_token.span;

        let mut trees = vec![(AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(pound_token), Spacing::Alone)];
        if attr.style == AttrStyle::Inner {
            // For inner attributes, we do the same thing for the `!` in `#![some_attr]`
            let TokenTree::Token(bang_token @ Token { kind: TokenKind::Not, .. }) = orig_trees.next().unwrap() else {
                panic!("Bad tokens for attribute {:?}", attr);
            };
            trees.push((AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Token(bang_token), Spacing::Alone));
        }
        // We don't really have a good span to use for the synthesized `[]`
        // in `#[attr]`, so just use the span of the `#` token.
        let bracket_group = AttrAnnotatedTokenTree::Delimited(
            DelimSpan::from_single(pound_span),
            Delimiter::Bracket,
            item.tokens
                .as_ref()
                .unwrap_or_else(|| panic!("Missing tokens for {:?}", item))
                .create_token_stream(),
        );
        trees.push((bracket_group, Spacing::Alone));
        let tokens = Some(LazyTokenStream::new(AttrAnnotatedTokenStream::new(trees)));
        let attr = attr::mk_attr_from_item(item, tokens, attr.style, item_span);
        if attr.has_name(sym::crate_type) {
            self.sess.parse_sess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::DEPRECATED_CFG_ATTR_CRATE_TYPE_NAME,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                "`crate_type` within an `#![cfg_attr] attribute is deprecated`",
            );
        }
        if attr.has_name(sym::crate_name) {
            self.sess.parse_sess.buffer_lint(
                rustc_lint_defs::builtin::DEPRECATED_CFG_ATTR_CRATE_TYPE_NAME,
                attr.span,
                ast::CRATE_NODE_ID,
                "`crate_name` within an `#![cfg_attr] attribute is deprecated`",
            );
        }
        attr
    }

    /// Determines if a node with the given attributes should be included in this configuration.
    fn in_cfg(&self, attrs: &[Attribute]) -> bool {
        attrs.iter().all(|attr| !is_cfg(attr) || self.cfg_true(attr))
    }

    pub(crate) fn cfg_true(&self, attr: &Attribute) -> bool {
        let meta_item = match validate_attr::parse_meta(&self.sess.parse_sess, attr) {
            Ok(meta_item) => meta_item,
            Err(mut err) => {
                err.emit();
                return true;
            }
        };
        parse_cfg(&meta_item, &self.sess).map_or(true, |meta_item| {
            attr::cfg_matches(&meta_item, &self.sess.parse_sess, self.lint_node_id, self.features)
        })
    }

    /// If attributes are not allowed on expressions, emit an error for `attr`
    pub(crate) fn maybe_emit_expr_attr_err(&self, attr: &Attribute) {
        if !self.features.map_or(true, |features| features.stmt_expr_attributes) {
            let mut err = feature_err(
                &self.sess.parse_sess,
                sym::stmt_expr_attributes,
                attr.span,
                "attributes on expressions are experimental",
            );

            if attr.is_doc_comment() {
                err.help("`///` is for documentation comments. For a plain comment, use `//`.");
            }

            err.emit();
        }
    }

    pub fn configure_expr(&self, expr: &mut P<ast::Expr>) {
        for attr in expr.attrs.iter() {
            self.maybe_emit_expr_attr_err(attr);
        }

        // If an expr is valid to cfg away it will have been removed by the
        // outer stmt or expression folder before descending in here.
        // Anything else is always required, and thus has to error out
        // in case of a cfg attr.
        //
        // N.B., this is intentionally not part of the visit_expr() function
        //     in order for filter_map_expr() to be able to avoid this check
        if let Some(attr) = expr.attrs().iter().find(|a| is_cfg(*a)) {
            let msg = "removing an expression is not supported in this position";
            self.sess.parse_sess.span_diagnostic.span_err(attr.span, msg);
        }

        self.process_cfg_attrs(expr);
        self.try_configure_tokens(&mut *expr);
    }
}

pub fn parse_cfg<'a>(meta_item: &'a MetaItem, sess: &Session) -> Option<&'a MetaItem> {
    let error = |span, msg, suggestion: &str| {
        let mut err = sess.parse_sess.span_diagnostic.struct_span_err(span, msg);
        if !suggestion.is_empty() {
            err.span_suggestion(
                span,
                "expected syntax is",
                suggestion,
                Applicability::HasPlaceholders,
            );
        }
        err.emit();
        None
    };
    let span = meta_item.span;
    match meta_item.meta_item_list() {
        None => error(span, "`cfg` is not followed by parentheses", "cfg(/* predicate */)"),
        Some([]) => error(span, "`cfg` predicate is not specified", ""),
        Some([_, .., l]) => error(l.span(), "multiple `cfg` predicates are specified", ""),
        Some([single]) => match single.meta_item() {
            Some(meta_item) => Some(meta_item),
            None => error(single.span(), "`cfg` predicate key cannot be a literal", ""),
        },
    }
}

fn is_cfg(attr: &Attribute) -> bool {
    attr.has_name(sym::cfg)
}