1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
use crate::traits::specialization_graph;
use crate::ty::fast_reject::{self, SimplifiedType, TreatParams};
use crate::ty::fold::TypeFoldable;
use crate::ty::{Ident, Ty, TyCtxt};
use hir::def_id::LOCAL_CRATE;
use rustc_hir as hir;
use rustc_hir::def_id::DefId;
use std::iter;

use rustc_data_structures::fx::FxIndexMap;
use rustc_errors::ErrorGuaranteed;
use rustc_macros::HashStable;

/// A trait's definition with type information.
#[derive(HashStable, Encodable, Decodable)]
pub struct TraitDef {
    pub def_id: DefId,

    pub unsafety: hir::Unsafety,

    /// If `true`, then this trait had the `#[rustc_paren_sugar]`
    /// attribute, indicating that it should be used with `Foo()`
    /// sugar. This is a temporary thing -- eventually any trait will
    /// be usable with the sugar (or without it).
    pub paren_sugar: bool,

    pub has_auto_impl: bool,

    /// If `true`, then this trait has the `#[marker]` attribute, indicating
    /// that all its associated items have defaults that cannot be overridden,
    /// and thus `impl`s of it are allowed to overlap.
    pub is_marker: bool,

    /// If `true`, then this trait has the `#[rustc_skip_array_during_method_dispatch]`
    /// attribute, indicating that editions before 2021 should not consider this trait
    /// during method dispatch if the receiver is an array.
    pub skip_array_during_method_dispatch: bool,

    /// Used to determine whether the standard library is allowed to specialize
    /// on this trait.
    pub specialization_kind: TraitSpecializationKind,

    /// List of functions from `#[rustc_must_implement_one_of]` attribute one of which
    /// must be implemented.
    pub must_implement_one_of: Option<Box<[Ident]>>,
}

/// Whether this trait is treated specially by the standard library
/// specialization lint.
#[derive(HashStable, PartialEq, Clone, Copy, Encodable, Decodable)]
pub enum TraitSpecializationKind {
    /// The default. Specializing on this trait is not allowed.
    None,
    /// Specializing on this trait is allowed because it doesn't have any
    /// methods. For example `Sized` or `FusedIterator`.
    /// Applies to traits with the `rustc_unsafe_specialization_marker`
    /// attribute.
    Marker,
    /// Specializing on this trait is allowed because all of the impls of this
    /// trait are "always applicable". Always applicable means that if
    /// `X<'x>: T<'y>` for any lifetimes, then `for<'a, 'b> X<'a>: T<'b>`.
    /// Applies to traits with the `rustc_specialization_trait` attribute.
    AlwaysApplicable,
}

#[derive(Default, Debug, HashStable)]
pub struct TraitImpls {
    blanket_impls: Vec<DefId>,
    /// Impls indexed by their simplified self type, for fast lookup.
    non_blanket_impls: FxIndexMap<SimplifiedType, Vec<DefId>>,
}

impl TraitImpls {
    pub fn blanket_impls(&self) -> &[DefId] {
        self.blanket_impls.as_slice()
    }
}

impl<'tcx> TraitDef {
    pub fn new(
        def_id: DefId,
        unsafety: hir::Unsafety,
        paren_sugar: bool,
        has_auto_impl: bool,
        is_marker: bool,
        skip_array_during_method_dispatch: bool,
        specialization_kind: TraitSpecializationKind,
        must_implement_one_of: Option<Box<[Ident]>>,
    ) -> TraitDef {
        TraitDef {
            def_id,
            unsafety,
            paren_sugar,
            has_auto_impl,
            is_marker,
            skip_array_during_method_dispatch,
            specialization_kind,
            must_implement_one_of,
        }
    }

    pub fn ancestors(
        &self,
        tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
        of_impl: DefId,
    ) -> Result<specialization_graph::Ancestors<'tcx>, ErrorGuaranteed> {
        specialization_graph::ancestors(tcx, self.def_id, of_impl)
    }
}

impl<'tcx> TyCtxt<'tcx> {
    pub fn for_each_impl<F: FnMut(DefId)>(self, def_id: DefId, mut f: F) {
        let impls = self.trait_impls_of(def_id);

        for &impl_def_id in impls.blanket_impls.iter() {
            f(impl_def_id);
        }

        for v in impls.non_blanket_impls.values() {
            for &impl_def_id in v {
                f(impl_def_id);
            }
        }
    }

    /// Iterate over every impl that could possibly match the
    /// self type `self_ty`.
    pub fn for_each_relevant_impl<F: FnMut(DefId)>(
        self,
        def_id: DefId,
        self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
        mut f: F,
    ) {
        let _: Option<()> = self.find_map_relevant_impl(def_id, self_ty, |did| {
            f(did);
            None
        });
    }

    pub fn non_blanket_impls_for_ty(
        self,
        def_id: DefId,
        self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
    ) -> impl Iterator<Item = DefId> + 'tcx {
        let impls = self.trait_impls_of(def_id);
        if let Some(simp) = fast_reject::simplify_type(self, self_ty, TreatParams::AsInfer) {
            if let Some(impls) = impls.non_blanket_impls.get(&simp) {
                return impls.iter().copied();
            }
        }

        [].iter().copied()
    }

    /// Applies function to every impl that could possibly match the self type `self_ty` and returns
    /// the first non-none value.
    pub fn find_map_relevant_impl<T, F: FnMut(DefId) -> Option<T>>(
        self,
        def_id: DefId,
        self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
        mut f: F,
    ) -> Option<T> {
        // FIXME: This depends on the set of all impls for the trait. That is
        // unfortunate wrt. incremental compilation.
        //
        // If we want to be faster, we could have separate queries for
        // blanket and non-blanket impls, and compare them separately.
        let impls = self.trait_impls_of(def_id);

        for &impl_def_id in impls.blanket_impls.iter() {
            if let result @ Some(_) = f(impl_def_id) {
                return result;
            }
        }

        // Note that we're using `TreatParams::AsPlaceholder` to query `non_blanket_impls` while using
        // `TreatParams::AsInfer` while actually adding them.
        //
        // This way, when searching for some impl for `T: Trait`, we do not look at any impls
        // whose outer level is not a parameter or projection. Especially for things like
        // `T: Clone` this is incredibly useful as we would otherwise look at all the impls
        // of `Clone` for `Option<T>`, `Vec<T>`, `ConcreteType` and so on.
        if let Some(simp) = fast_reject::simplify_type(self, self_ty, TreatParams::AsPlaceholder) {
            if let Some(impls) = impls.non_blanket_impls.get(&simp) {
                for &impl_def_id in impls {
                    if let result @ Some(_) = f(impl_def_id) {
                        return result;
                    }
                }
            }
        } else {
            for &impl_def_id in impls.non_blanket_impls.values().flatten() {
                if let result @ Some(_) = f(impl_def_id) {
                    return result;
                }
            }
        }

        None
    }

    /// Returns an iterator containing all impls
    pub fn all_impls(self, def_id: DefId) -> impl Iterator<Item = DefId> + 'tcx {
        let TraitImpls { blanket_impls, non_blanket_impls } = self.trait_impls_of(def_id);

        blanket_impls.iter().chain(non_blanket_impls.iter().flat_map(|(_, v)| v)).cloned()
    }
}

// Query provider for `trait_impls_of`.
pub(super) fn trait_impls_of_provider(tcx: TyCtxt<'_>, trait_id: DefId) -> TraitImpls {
    let mut impls = TraitImpls::default();

    // Traits defined in the current crate can't have impls in upstream
    // crates, so we don't bother querying the cstore.
    if !trait_id.is_local() {
        for &cnum in tcx.crates(()).iter() {
            for &(impl_def_id, simplified_self_ty) in
                tcx.implementations_of_trait((cnum, trait_id)).iter()
            {
                if let Some(simplified_self_ty) = simplified_self_ty {
                    impls
                        .non_blanket_impls
                        .entry(simplified_self_ty)
                        .or_default()
                        .push(impl_def_id);
                } else {
                    impls.blanket_impls.push(impl_def_id);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    for &impl_def_id in tcx.hir().trait_impls(trait_id) {
        let impl_def_id = impl_def_id.to_def_id();

        let impl_self_ty = tcx.type_of(impl_def_id);
        if impl_self_ty.references_error() {
            continue;
        }

        if let Some(simplified_self_ty) =
            fast_reject::simplify_type(tcx, impl_self_ty, TreatParams::AsInfer)
        {
            impls.non_blanket_impls.entry(simplified_self_ty).or_default().push(impl_def_id);
        } else {
            impls.blanket_impls.push(impl_def_id);
        }
    }

    impls
}

// Query provider for `incoherent_impls`.
#[instrument(level = "debug", skip(tcx))]
pub(super) fn incoherent_impls_provider(tcx: TyCtxt<'_>, simp: SimplifiedType) -> &[DefId] {
    let mut impls = Vec::new();

    for cnum in iter::once(LOCAL_CRATE).chain(tcx.crates(()).iter().copied()) {
        for &impl_def_id in tcx.crate_incoherent_impls((cnum, simp)) {
            impls.push(impl_def_id)
        }
    }

    debug!(?impls);

    tcx.arena.alloc_slice(&impls)
}