1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
 10
 11
 12
 13
 14
 15
 16
 17
 18
 19
 20
 21
 22
 23
 24
 25
 26
 27
 28
 29
 30
 31
 32
 33
 34
 35
 36
 37
 38
 39
 40
 41
 42
 43
 44
 45
 46
 47
 48
 49
 50
 51
 52
 53
 54
 55
 56
 57
 58
 59
 60
 61
 62
 63
 64
 65
 66
 67
 68
 69
 70
 71
 72
 73
 74
 75
 76
 77
 78
 79
 80
 81
 82
 83
 84
 85
 86
 87
 88
 89
 90
 91
 92
 93
 94
 95
 96
 97
 98
 99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
// Copyright 2013-2016 The Rust Project Developers. See the COPYRIGHT
// file at the top-level directory of this distribution and at
// http://rust-lang.org/COPYRIGHT.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 <LICENSE-APACHE or
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0> or the MIT license
// <LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>, at your
// option. This file may not be copied, modified, or distributed
// except according to those terms.

use fmt;
use marker;
use usize;

use super::{FusedIterator, TrustedLen};

/// An iterator that repeats an element endlessly.
///
/// This `struct` is created by the [`repeat`] function. See its documentation for more.
///
/// [`repeat`]: fn.repeat.html
#[derive(Clone, Debug)]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub struct Repeat<A> {
    element: A
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl<A: Clone> Iterator for Repeat<A> {
    type Item = A;

    #[inline]
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<A> { Some(self.element.clone()) }
    #[inline]
    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) { (usize::MAX, None) }
}

#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
impl<A: Clone> DoubleEndedIterator for Repeat<A> {
    #[inline]
    fn next_back(&mut self) -> Option<A> { Some(self.element.clone()) }
}

#[unstable(feature = "fused", issue = "35602")]
impl<A: Clone> FusedIterator for Repeat<A> {}

#[unstable(feature = "trusted_len", issue = "37572")]
unsafe impl<A: Clone> TrustedLen for Repeat<A> {}

/// Creates a new iterator that endlessly repeats a single element.
///
/// The `repeat()` function repeats a single value over and over and over and
/// over and over and 🔁.
///
/// Infinite iterators like `repeat()` are often used with adapters like
/// [`take`], in order to make them finite.
///
/// [`take`]: trait.Iterator.html#method.take
///
/// If the element type of the iterator you need does not implement `Clone`,
/// or if you do not want to keep the repeated element in memory, you can
/// instead use the [`repeat_with`] function.
///
/// [`repeat_with`]: fn.repeat_with.html
///
/// # Examples
///
/// Basic usage:
///
/// ```
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // the number four 4ever:
/// let mut fours = iter::repeat(4);
///
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
///
/// // yup, still four
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), fours.next());
/// ```
///
/// Going finite with [`take`]:
///
/// ```
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // that last example was too many fours. Let's only have four fours.
/// let mut four_fours = iter::repeat(4).take(4);
///
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), four_fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), four_fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), four_fours.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), four_fours.next());
///
/// // ... and now we're done
/// assert_eq!(None, four_fours.next());
/// ```
#[inline]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
pub fn repeat<T: Clone>(elt: T) -> Repeat<T> {
    Repeat{element: elt}
}

/// An iterator that repeats elements of type `A` endlessly by
/// applying the provided closure `F: FnMut() -> A`.
///
/// This `struct` is created by the [`repeat_with`] function.
/// See its documentation for more.
///
/// [`repeat_with`]: fn.repeat_with.html
#[derive(Copy, Clone, Debug)]
#[unstable(feature = "iterator_repeat_with", issue = "48169")]
pub struct RepeatWith<F> {
    repeater: F
}

#[unstable(feature = "iterator_repeat_with", issue = "48169")]
impl<A, F: FnMut() -> A> Iterator for RepeatWith<F> {
    type Item = A;

    #[inline]
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<A> { Some((self.repeater)()) }

    #[inline]
    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) { (usize::MAX, None) }
}

#[unstable(feature = "iterator_repeat_with", issue = "48169")]
impl<A, F: FnMut() -> A> DoubleEndedIterator for RepeatWith<F> {
    #[inline]
    fn next_back(&mut self) -> Option<A> { self.next() }
}

#[unstable(feature = "fused", issue = "35602")]
impl<A, F: FnMut() -> A> FusedIterator for RepeatWith<F> {}

#[unstable(feature = "trusted_len", issue = "37572")]
unsafe impl<A, F: FnMut() -> A> TrustedLen for RepeatWith<F> {}

/// Creates a new iterator that repeats elements of type `A` endlessly by
/// applying the provided closure, the repeater, `F: FnMut() -> A`.
///
/// The `repeat_with()` function calls the repeater over and over and over and
/// over and over and 🔁.
///
/// Infinite iterators like `repeat_with()` are often used with adapters like
/// [`take`], in order to make them finite.
///
/// [`take`]: trait.Iterator.html#method.take
///
/// If the element type of the iterator you need implements `Clone`, and
/// it is OK to keep the source element in memory, you should instead use
/// the [`repeat`] function.
///
/// [`repeat`]: fn.repeat.html
///
/// An iterator produced by `repeat_with()` is a `DoubleEndedIterator`.
/// It is important to note that reversing `repeat_with(f)` will produce
/// the exact same sequence as the non-reversed iterator. In other words,
/// `repeat_with(f).rev().collect::<Vec<_>>()` is equivalent to
/// `repeat_with(f).collect::<Vec<_>>()`.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// Basic usage:
///
/// ```
/// #![feature(iterator_repeat_with)]
///
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // let's assume we have some value of a type that is not `Clone`
/// // or which don't want to have in memory just yet because it is expensive:
/// #[derive(PartialEq, Debug)]
/// struct Expensive;
///
/// // a particular value forever:
/// let mut things = iter::repeat_with(|| Expensive);
///
/// assert_eq!(Some(Expensive), things.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(Expensive), things.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(Expensive), things.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(Expensive), things.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(Expensive), things.next());
/// ```
///
/// Using mutation and going finite:
///
/// ```rust
/// #![feature(iterator_repeat_with)]
///
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // From the zeroth to the third power of two:
/// let mut curr = 1;
/// let mut pow2 = iter::repeat_with(|| { let tmp = curr; curr *= 2; tmp })
///                     .take(4);
///
/// assert_eq!(Some(1), pow2.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(2), pow2.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(4), pow2.next());
/// assert_eq!(Some(8), pow2.next());
///
/// // ... and now we're done
/// assert_eq!(None, pow2.next());
/// ```
#[inline]
#[unstable(feature = "iterator_repeat_with", issue = "48169")]
pub fn repeat_with<A, F: FnMut() -> A>(repeater: F) -> RepeatWith<F> {
    RepeatWith { repeater }
}

/// An iterator that yields nothing.
///
/// This `struct` is created by the [`empty`] function. See its documentation for more.
///
/// [`empty`]: fn.empty.html
#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
pub struct Empty<T>(marker::PhantomData<T>);

#[stable(feature = "core_impl_debug", since = "1.9.0")]
impl<T> fmt::Debug for Empty<T> {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Empty")
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> Iterator for Empty<T> {
    type Item = T;

    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        None
    }

    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>){
        (0, Some(0))
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> DoubleEndedIterator for Empty<T> {
    fn next_back(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        None
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> ExactSizeIterator for Empty<T> {
    fn len(&self) -> usize {
        0
    }
}

#[unstable(feature = "trusted_len", issue = "37572")]
unsafe impl<T> TrustedLen for Empty<T> {}

#[unstable(feature = "fused", issue = "35602")]
impl<T> FusedIterator for Empty<T> {}

// not #[derive] because that adds a Clone bound on T,
// which isn't necessary.
#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> Clone for Empty<T> {
    fn clone(&self) -> Empty<T> {
        Empty(marker::PhantomData)
    }
}

// not #[derive] because that adds a Default bound on T,
// which isn't necessary.
#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> Default for Empty<T> {
    fn default() -> Empty<T> {
        Empty(marker::PhantomData)
    }
}

/// Creates an iterator that yields nothing.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// Basic usage:
///
/// ```
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // this could have been an iterator over i32, but alas, it's just not.
/// let mut nope = iter::empty::<i32>();
///
/// assert_eq!(None, nope.next());
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "iter_empty", since = "1.2.0")]
pub fn empty<T>() -> Empty<T> {
    Empty(marker::PhantomData)
}

/// An iterator that yields an element exactly once.
///
/// This `struct` is created by the [`once`] function. See its documentation for more.
///
/// [`once`]: fn.once.html
#[derive(Clone, Debug)]
#[stable(feature = "iter_once", since = "1.2.0")]
pub struct Once<T> {
    inner: ::option::IntoIter<T>
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_once", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> Iterator for Once<T> {
    type Item = T;

    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        self.inner.next()
    }

    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.inner.size_hint()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_once", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> DoubleEndedIterator for Once<T> {
    fn next_back(&mut self) -> Option<T> {
        self.inner.next_back()
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "iter_once", since = "1.2.0")]
impl<T> ExactSizeIterator for Once<T> {
    fn len(&self) -> usize {
        self.inner.len()
    }
}

#[unstable(feature = "trusted_len", issue = "37572")]
unsafe impl<T> TrustedLen for Once<T> {}

#[unstable(feature = "fused", issue = "35602")]
impl<T> FusedIterator for Once<T> {}

/// Creates an iterator that yields an element exactly once.
///
/// This is commonly used to adapt a single value into a [`chain`] of other
/// kinds of iteration. Maybe you have an iterator that covers almost
/// everything, but you need an extra special case. Maybe you have a function
/// which works on iterators, but you only need to process one value.
///
/// [`chain`]: trait.Iterator.html#method.chain
///
/// # Examples
///
/// Basic usage:
///
/// ```
/// use std::iter;
///
/// // one is the loneliest number
/// let mut one = iter::once(1);
///
/// assert_eq!(Some(1), one.next());
///
/// // just one, that's all we get
/// assert_eq!(None, one.next());
/// ```
///
/// Chaining together with another iterator. Let's say that we want to iterate
/// over each file of the `.foo` directory, but also a configuration file,
/// `.foorc`:
///
/// ```no_run
/// use std::iter;
/// use std::fs;
/// use std::path::PathBuf;
///
/// let dirs = fs::read_dir(".foo").unwrap();
///
/// // we need to convert from an iterator of DirEntry-s to an iterator of
/// // PathBufs, so we use map
/// let dirs = dirs.map(|file| file.unwrap().path());
///
/// // now, our iterator just for our config file
/// let config = iter::once(PathBuf::from(".foorc"));
///
/// // chain the two iterators together into one big iterator
/// let files = dirs.chain(config);
///
/// // this will give us all of the files in .foo as well as .foorc
/// for f in files {
///     println!("{:?}", f);
/// }
/// ```
#[stable(feature = "iter_once", since = "1.2.0")]
pub fn once<T>(value: T) -> Once<T> {
    Once { inner: Some(value).into_iter() }
}