Trait std::fmt::Debug1.0.0[][src]

pub trait Debug {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>;
}
Expand description

? formatting.

Debug should format the output in a programmer-facing, debugging context.

Generally speaking, you should just derive a Debug implementation.

When used with the alternate format specifier #?, the output is pretty-printed.

For more information on formatters, see the module-level documentation.

This trait can be used with #[derive] if all fields implement Debug. When derived for structs, it will use the name of the struct, then {, then a comma-separated list of each field’s name and Debug value, then }. For enums, it will use the name of the variant and, if applicable, (, then the Debug values of the fields, then ).

Stability

Derived Debug formats are not stable, and so may change with future Rust versions. Additionally, Debug implementations of types provided by the standard library (libstd, libcore, liballoc, etc.) are not stable, and may also change with future Rust versions.

Examples

Deriving an implementation:

#[derive(Debug)]
struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32,
}

let origin = Point { x: 0, y: 0 };

assert_eq!(format!("The origin is: {:?}", origin), "The origin is: Point { x: 0, y: 0 }");
Run

Manually implementing:

use std::fmt;

struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32,
}

impl fmt::Debug for Point {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_struct("Point")
         .field("x", &self.x)
         .field("y", &self.y)
         .finish()
    }
}

let origin = Point { x: 0, y: 0 };

assert_eq!(format!("The origin is: {:?}", origin), "The origin is: Point { x: 0, y: 0 }");
Run

There are a number of helper methods on the Formatter struct to help you with manual implementations, such as debug_struct.

Debug implementations using either derive or the debug builder API on Formatter support pretty-printing using the alternate flag: {:#?}.

Pretty-printing with #?:

#[derive(Debug)]
struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32,
}

let origin = Point { x: 0, y: 0 };

assert_eq!(format!("The origin is: {:#?}", origin),
"The origin is: Point {
    x: 0,
    y: 0,
}");
Run

Required methods

Formats the value using the given formatter.

Examples

use std::fmt;

struct Position {
    longitude: f32,
    latitude: f32,
}

impl fmt::Debug for Position {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.debug_tuple("")
         .field(&self.longitude)
         .field(&self.latitude)
         .finish()
    }
}

let position = Position { longitude: 1.987, latitude: 2.983 };
assert_eq!(format!("{:?}", position), "(1.987, 2.983)");

assert_eq!(format!("{:#?}", position), "(
    1.987,
    2.983,
)");
Run

Implementations on Foreign Types

Implementors

This is supported on (Android or DragonFly BSD or Emscripten or FreeBSD or Linux or NetBSD or OpenBSD) and Unix only.
This is supported on Unix only.
This is supported on Unix only.
This is supported on Unix only.
This is supported on Unix only.
This is supported on Unix only.

Format the program and arguments of a Command for display. Any non-utf8 data is lossily converted using the utf8 replacement character.

This is supported on Unix only.
This is supported on (Android or DragonFly BSD or Emscripten or FreeBSD or Linux or NetBSD or OpenBSD) and Unix only.