1.0.0[][src]Struct std::thread::LocalKey

pub struct LocalKey<T: 'static> { /* fields omitted */ }

A thread local storage key which owns its contents.

This key uses the fastest possible implementation available to it for the target platform. It is instantiated with the thread_local! macro and the primary method is the with method.

The with method yields a reference to the contained value which cannot be sent across threads or escape the given closure.

Initialization and Destruction

Initialization is dynamically performed on the first call to with within a thread, and values that implement Drop get destructed when a thread exits. Some caveats apply, which are explained below.

A LocalKey's initializer cannot recursively depend on itself, and using a LocalKey in this way will cause the initializer to infinitely recurse on the first call to with.

Examples

use std::cell::RefCell;
use std::thread;

thread_local!(static FOO: RefCell<u32> = RefCell::new(1));

FOO.with(|f| {
    assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 1);
    *f.borrow_mut() = 2;
});

// each thread starts out with the initial value of 1
thread::spawn(move|| {
    FOO.with(|f| {
        assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 1);
        *f.borrow_mut() = 3;
    });
});

// we retain our original value of 2 despite the child thread
FOO.with(|f| {
    assert_eq!(*f.borrow(), 2);
});Run

Platform-specific behavior

Note that a "best effort" is made to ensure that destructors for types stored in thread local storage are run, but not all platforms can guarantee that destructors will be run for all types in thread local storage. For example, there are a number of known caveats where destructors are not run:

  1. On Unix systems when pthread-based TLS is being used, destructors will not be run for TLS values on the main thread when it exits. Note that the application will exit immediately after the main thread exits as well.
  2. On all platforms it's possible for TLS to re-initialize other TLS slots during destruction. Some platforms ensure that this cannot happen infinitely by preventing re-initialization of any slot that has been destroyed, but not all platforms have this guard. Those platforms that do not guard typically have a synthetic limit after which point no more destructors are run.
  3. On macOS, initializing TLS during destruction of other TLS slots can sometimes cancel all destructors for the current thread, whether or not the slots have already had their destructors run or not.

Methods

impl<T: 'static> LocalKey<T>
[src]

Acquires a reference to the value in this TLS key.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet.

Panics

This function will panic!() if the key currently has its destructor running, and it may panic if the destructor has previously been run for this thread.

Acquires a reference to the value in this TLS key.

This will lazily initialize the value if this thread has not referenced this key yet. If the key has been destroyed (which may happen if this is called in a destructor), this function will return an AccessError.

Panics

This function will still panic!() if the key is uninitialized and the key's initializer panics.

Trait Implementations

impl<T: 'static> Debug for LocalKey<T>
1.16.0
[src]

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<T> Send for LocalKey<T>

impl<T> Sync for LocalKey<T>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> From for T
[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (get_type_id #27745)

this method will likely be replaced by an associated static

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more