Struct std::process::Stdio1.0.0[][src]

pub struct Stdio(_);
Expand description

Describes what to do with a standard I/O stream for a child process when passed to the stdin, stdout, and stderr methods of Command.

Implementations

A new pipe should be arranged to connect the parent and child processes.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "Hello, world!\n");
// Nothing echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::io::Write;
use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let mut child = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::piped())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("Failed to spawn child process");

let mut stdin = child.stdin.take().expect("Failed to open stdin");
std::thread::spawn(move || {
    stdin.write_all("Hello, world!".as_bytes()).expect("Failed to write to stdin");
});

let output = child.wait_with_output().expect("Failed to read stdout");
assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "!dlrow ,olleH");
Run

Writing more than a pipe buffer’s worth of input to stdin without also reading stdout and stderr at the same time may cause a deadlock. This is an issue when running any program that doesn’t guarantee that it reads its entire stdin before writing more than a pipe buffer’s worth of output. The size of a pipe buffer varies on different targets.

The child inherits from the corresponding parent descriptor.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::inherit())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// "Hello, world!" echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};
use std::io::{self, Write};

let output = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::inherit())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

print!("You piped in the reverse of: ");
io::stdout().write_all(&output.stdout).unwrap();
Run

This stream will be ignored. This is the equivalent of attaching the stream to /dev/null.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::null())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// Nothing echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::null())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// Ignores any piped-in input
Run

Trait Implementations

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Converts a ChildStderr into a Stdio

Examples

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .arg("non_existing_file.txt")
    .stderr(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

let cat = Command::new("cat")
    .arg("-")
    .stdin(reverse.stderr.unwrap()) // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed echo command");

assert_eq!(
    String::from_utf8_lossy(&cat.stdout),
    "rev: cannot open non_existing_file.txt: No such file or directory\n"
);
Run

Converts a ChildStdin into a Stdio

Examples

ChildStdin will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

let _echo = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(reverse.stdin.unwrap()) // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed echo command");

// "!dlrow ,olleH" echoed to console
Run

Converts a ChildStdout into a Stdio

Examples

ChildStdout will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let hello = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed echo command");

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(hello.stdout.unwrap())  // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

assert_eq!(reverse.stdout, b"!dlrow ,olleH\n");
Run

Converts a File into a Stdio

Examples

File will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::fs::File;
use std::process::Command;

// With the `foo.txt` file containing `Hello, world!"
let file = File::open("foo.txt").unwrap();

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(file)  // Implicit File conversion into a Stdio
    .output()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

assert_eq!(reverse.stdout, b"!dlrow ,olleH");
Run

Constructs a new instance of Self from the given raw file descriptor. Read more

Constructs a new I/O object from the specified raw handle. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.