1.0.0[][src]Struct std::net::Ipv4Addr

pub struct Ipv4Addr { /* fields omitted */ }

An IPv4 address.

IPv4 addresses are defined as 32-bit integers in IETF RFC 791. They are usually represented as four octets.

See IpAddr for a type encompassing both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

The size of an Ipv4Addr struct may vary depending on the target operating system.

Textual representation

Ipv4Addr provides a FromStr implementation. The four octets are in decimal notation, divided by . (this is called "dot-decimal notation").

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let localhost = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!("127.0.0.1".parse(), Ok(localhost));
assert_eq!(localhost.is_loopback(), true);Run

Methods

impl Ipv4Addr
[src]

Creates a new IPv4 address from four eight-bit octets.

The result will represent the IP address a.b.c.d.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);Run

An IPv4 address with the address pointing to localhost: 127.0.0.1.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1));Run

An IPv4 address representing an unspecified address: 0.0.0.0

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::UNSPECIFIED;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0));Run

An IPv4 address representing the broadcast address: 255.255.255.255

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::BROADCAST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255));Run

Returns the four eight-bit integers that make up this address.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!(addr.octets(), [127, 0, 0, 1]);Run

Returns true for the special 'unspecified' address (0.0.0.0).

This property is defined in UNIX Network Programming, Second Edition, W. Richard Stevens, p. 891; see also ip7.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_unspecified(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_unspecified(), false);Run

Returns true if this is a loopback address (127.0.0.0/8).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 1122.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_loopback(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_loopback(), false);Run

Returns true if this is a private address.

The private address ranges are defined in IETF RFC 1918 and include:

  • 10.0.0.0/8
  • 172.16.0.0/12
  • 192.168.0.0/16

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 0, 0, 1).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 29, 45, 14).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 32, 0, 2).is_private(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 2).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 169, 0, 2).is_private(), false);Run

Returns true if the address is link-local (169.254.0.0/16).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 3927.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 0, 0).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 10, 65).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(16, 89, 10, 65).is_link_local(), false);Run

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if the address appears to be globally routable. See iana-ipv4-special-registry.

The following return false:

  • private address (10.0.0.0/8, 172.16.0.0/12 and 192.168.0.0/16)
  • the loopback address (127.0.0.0/8)
  • the link-local address (169.254.0.0/16)
  • the broadcast address (255.255.255.255/32)
  • test addresses used for documentation (192.0.2.0/24, 198.51.100.0/24 and 203.0.113.0/24)
  • the unspecified address (0.0.0.0)

Examples

#![feature(ip)]

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

fn main() {
    assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 254, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
    assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 10, 65).is_global(), false);
    assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_global(), false);
    assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
    assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(80, 9, 12, 3).is_global(), true);
}Run

Returns true if this is a multicast address (224.0.0.0/4).

Multicast addresses have a most significant octet between 224 and 239, and is defined by IETF RFC 5771.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(224, 254, 0, 0).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_multicast(), false);Run

Returns true if this is a broadcast address (255.255.255.255).

A broadcast address has all octets set to 255 as defined in IETF RFC 919.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_broadcast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_broadcast(), false);Run

Returns true if this address is in a range designated for documentation.

This is defined in IETF RFC 5737:

  • 192.0.2.0/24 (TEST-NET-1)
  • 198.51.100.0/24 (TEST-NET-2)
  • 203.0.113.0/24 (TEST-NET-3)

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(193, 34, 17, 19).is_documentation(), false);Run

Converts this address to an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::a.b.c.d

Examples

use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_compatible(),
           Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 49152, 767));Run

Converts this address to an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::ffff:a.b.c.d

Examples

use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_mapped(),
           Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 65535, 49152, 767));Run

Trait Implementations

impl Debug for Ipv4Addr
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impl Display for Ipv4Addr
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impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr
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This method tests for !=.

impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr
1.16.0
[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl PartialEq<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr
1.16.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl Eq for Ipv4Addr
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impl Ord for Ipv4Addr
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Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr
1.16.0
[src]

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl PartialOrd<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr
1.16.0
[src]

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl Hash for Ipv4Addr
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Feeds a slice of this type into the given [Hasher]. Read more

impl Copy for Ipv4Addr
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impl FromStr for Ipv4Addr
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The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr
1.16.0
[src]

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for u32
1.1.0
[src]

Convert an Ipv4Addr into a host byte order u32.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10);
assert_eq!(0x0d0c0b0au32, u32::from(addr));Run

impl From<u32> for Ipv4Addr
1.1.0
[src]

Convert a host byte order u32 into an Ipv4Addr.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from(0x0d0c0b0au32);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);Run

impl From<[u8; 4]> for Ipv4Addr
1.9.0
[src]

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from([13u8, 12u8, 11u8, 10u8]);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);Run

impl Clone for Ipv4Addr
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Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

impl Send for Ipv4Addr

impl Sync for Ipv4Addr

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> From for T
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impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
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impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
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