1.0.0[][src]Struct std::io::Stdin

pub struct Stdin { /* fields omitted */ }

A handle to the standard input stream of a process.

Each handle is a shared reference to a global buffer of input data to this process. A handle can be lock'd to gain full access to BufRead methods (e.g. .lines()). Reads to this handle are otherwise locked with respect to other reads.

This handle implements the Read trait, but beware that concurrent reads of Stdin must be executed with care.

Created by the io::stdin method.

Methods

impl Stdin
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Important traits for StdinLock<'a>

Locks this handle to the standard input stream, returning a readable guard.

The lock is released when the returned lock goes out of scope. The returned guard also implements the Read and BufRead traits for accessing the underlying data.

Examples

use std::io::{self, Read};

fn main() -> io::Result<()> {
    let mut buffer = String::new();
    let stdin = io::stdin();
    let mut handle = stdin.lock();

    handle.read_to_string(&mut buffer)?;
    Ok(())
}Run

Locks this handle and reads a line of input into the specified buffer.

For detailed semantics of this method, see the documentation on BufRead::read_line.

Examples

use std::io;

let mut input = String::new();
match io::stdin().read_line(&mut input) {
    Ok(n) => {
        println!("{} bytes read", n);
        println!("{}", input);
    }
    Err(error) => println!("error: {}", error),
}Run

You can run the example one of two ways:

  • Pipe some text to it, e.g. printf foo | path/to/executable
  • Give it text interactively by running the executable directly, in which case it will wait for the Enter key to be pressed before continuing

Trait Implementations

impl Read for Stdin
[src]

Pull some bytes from this source into the specified buffer, returning how many bytes were read. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (read_initializer #42788)

Determines if this Reader can work with buffers of uninitialized memory. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, placing them into buf. Read more

Read all bytes until EOF in this source, appending them to buf. Read more

Read the exact number of bytes required to fill buf. Read more

Important traits for &'_ mut I

Creates a "by reference" adaptor for this instance of Read. Read more

Important traits for Bytes<R>

Transforms this Read instance to an [Iterator] over its bytes. Read more

Important traits for Chain<T, U>

Creates an adaptor which will chain this stream with another. Read more

Important traits for Take<T>

Creates an adaptor which will read at most limit bytes from it. Read more

impl AsRawFd for Stdin
1.21.0
[src]

This is supported on Unix only.

Extracts the raw file descriptor. Read more

impl AsRawHandle for Stdin
1.21.0
[src]

This is supported on Windows only.

Extracts the raw handle, without taking any ownership.

impl Debug for Stdin
1.16.0
[src]

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

impl Send for Stdin

impl Sync for Stdin

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> From for T
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Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (get_type_id #27745)

this method will likely be replaced by an associated static

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more