1.0.0[][src]Struct std::string::FromUtf8Error

pub struct FromUtf8Error { /* fields omitted */ }

A possible error value when converting a String from a UTF-8 byte vector.

This type is the error type for the from_utf8 method on String. It is designed in such a way to carefully avoid reallocations: the into_bytes method will give back the byte vector that was used in the conversion attempt.

The Utf8Error type provided by std::str represents an error that may occur when converting a slice of u8s to a &str. In this sense, it's an analogue to FromUtf8Error, and you can get one from a FromUtf8Error through the utf8_error method.

Examples

Basic usage:

// some invalid bytes, in a vector
let bytes = vec![0, 159];

let value = String::from_utf8(bytes);

assert!(value.is_err());
assert_eq!(vec![0, 159], value.unwrap_err().into_bytes());Run

Methods

impl FromUtf8Error
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Important traits for &'a [u8]

Returns a slice of u8s bytes that were attempted to convert to a String.

Examples

Basic usage:

// some invalid bytes, in a vector
let bytes = vec![0, 159];

let value = String::from_utf8(bytes);

assert_eq!(&[0, 159], value.unwrap_err().as_bytes());Run

Important traits for Vec<u8>

Returns the bytes that were attempted to convert to a String.

This method is carefully constructed to avoid allocation. It will consume the error, moving out the bytes, so that a copy of the bytes does not need to be made.

Examples

Basic usage:

// some invalid bytes, in a vector
let bytes = vec![0, 159];

let value = String::from_utf8(bytes);

assert_eq!(vec![0, 159], value.unwrap_err().into_bytes());Run

Fetch a Utf8Error to get more details about the conversion failure.

The Utf8Error type provided by std::str represents an error that may occur when converting a slice of u8s to a &str. In this sense, it's an analogue to FromUtf8Error. See its documentation for more details on using it.

Examples

Basic usage:

// some invalid bytes, in a vector
let bytes = vec![0, 159];

let error = String::from_utf8(bytes).unwrap_err().utf8_error();

// the first byte is invalid here
assert_eq!(1, error.valid_up_to());Run

Trait Implementations

impl Display for FromUtf8Error
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Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl Debug for FromUtf8Error
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Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl Error for FromUtf8Error
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This method is soft-deprecated. Read more

Deprecating in 1.33.0

: replaced by Error::source, which can support downcasting

The lower-level cause of this error, if any. Read more

The lower-level source of this error, if any. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

impl Send for FromUtf8Error

impl Sync for FromUtf8Error

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> From for T
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Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'_ mut I

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (get_type_id #27745)

this method will likely be replaced by an associated static

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
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Converts the given value to a String. Read more