pub struct DebruijnIndex {
    pub(crate) private: u32,
}
Expand description

A De Bruijn index is a standard means of representing regions (and perhaps later types) in a higher-ranked setting. In particular, imagine a type like this:

   for<'a> fn(for<'b> fn(&'b isize, &'a isize), &'a char)
// ^          ^            |          |           |
// |          |            |          |           |
// |          +------------+ 0        |           |
// |                                  |           |
// +----------------------------------+ 1         |
// |                                              |
// +----------------------------------------------+ 0

In this type, there are two binders (the outer fn and the inner fn). We need to be able to determine, for any given region, which fn type it is bound by, the inner or the outer one. There are various ways you can do this, but a De Bruijn index is one of the more convenient and has some nice properties. The basic idea is to count the number of binders, inside out. Some examples should help clarify what I mean.

Let’s start with the reference type &'b isize that is the first argument to the inner function. This region 'b is assigned a De Bruijn index of 0, meaning “the innermost binder” (in this case, a fn). The region 'a that appears in the second argument type (&'a isize) would then be assigned a De Bruijn index of 1, meaning “the second-innermost binder”. (These indices are written on the arrows in the diagram).

What is interesting is that De Bruijn index attached to a particular variable will vary depending on where it appears. For example, the final type &'a char also refers to the region 'a declared on the outermost fn. But this time, this reference is not nested within any other binders (i.e., it is not an argument to the inner fn, but rather the outer one). Therefore, in this case, it is assigned a De Bruijn index of 0, because the innermost binder in that location is the outer fn.

Fields§

§private: u32

Trait Implementations§

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impl<'tcx> Lift<'tcx> for DebruijnIndex

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type Lifted = DebruijnIndex

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fn lift_to_tcx(self, _: TyCtxt<'tcx>) -> Option<Self>

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impl<'tcx> TypeFoldable<'tcx> for DebruijnIndex

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fn try_fold_with<F: FallibleTypeFolder<'tcx>>(
self,
_: &mut F
) -> Result<Self, F::Error>

The entry point for folding. To fold a value t with a folder f call: t.try_fold_with(f). Read more
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fn fold_with<F: TypeFolder<'tcx>>(self, _: &mut F) -> Self

A convenient alternative to try_fold_with for use with infallible folders. Do not override this method, to ensure coherence with try_fold_with.
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impl<'tcx> TypeVisitable<'tcx> for DebruijnIndex

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fn visit_with<F: TypeVisitor<'tcx>>(&self, _: &mut F) -> ControlFlow<F::BreakTy>

The entry point for visiting. To visit a value t with a visitor v call: t.visit_with(v). Read more
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fn has_vars_bound_at_or_above(&self, binder: DebruijnIndex) -> bool

Returns true if self has any late-bound regions that are either bound by binder or bound by some binder outside of binder. If binder is ty::INNERMOST, this indicates whether there are any late-bound regions that appear free.
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fn has_vars_bound_above(&self, binder: DebruijnIndex) -> bool

Returns true if this type has any regions that escape binder (and hence are not bound by it).
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fn has_escaping_bound_vars(&self) -> bool

Return true if this type has regions that are not a part of the type. For example, for<'a> fn(&'a i32) return false, while fn(&'a i32) would return true. The latter can occur when traversing through the former. Read more
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fn has_type_flags(&self, flags: TypeFlags) -> bool

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fn has_projections(&self) -> bool

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fn has_opaque_types(&self) -> bool

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fn has_generators(&self) -> bool

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fn references_error(&self) -> bool

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fn error_reported(&self) -> Result<(), ErrorGuaranteed>

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fn has_non_region_param(&self) -> bool

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fn has_infer_regions(&self) -> bool

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fn has_infer_types(&self) -> bool

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fn has_non_region_infer(&self) -> bool

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fn needs_infer(&self) -> bool

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fn has_placeholders(&self) -> bool

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fn needs_subst(&self) -> bool

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fn has_free_regions(&self) -> bool

“Free” regions in this context means that it has any region that is not (a) erased or (b) late-bound.
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fn has_erased_regions(&self) -> bool

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fn has_erasable_regions(&self) -> bool

True if there are any un-erased free regions.
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fn is_global(&self) -> bool

Indicates whether this value references only ‘global’ generic parameters that are the same regardless of what fn we are in. This is used for caching.
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fn has_late_bound_regions(&self) -> bool

True if there are any late-bound regions
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fn has_non_region_late_bound(&self) -> bool

True if there are any late-bound non-region variables
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fn has_late_bound_vars(&self) -> bool

True if there are any late-bound variables
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fn still_further_specializable(&self) -> bool

Indicates whether this value still has parameters/placeholders/inference variables which could be replaced later, in a way that would change the results of impl specialization.

Auto Trait Implementations§

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for Twhere
T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<'tcx, T> ArenaAllocatable<'tcx, IsCopy> for Twhere
T: Copy,

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fn allocate_on<'a>(self, arena: &'a Arena<'tcx>) -> &'a mut T

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fn allocate_from_iter<'a>(
arena: &'a Arena<'tcx>,
iter: impl IntoIterator<Item = T>
) -> &'a mut [T]

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impl<T> Borrow<T> for Twhere
T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for Twhere
T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<Tcx, T> DepNodeParams<Tcx> for Twhere
Tcx: DepContext,
T: for<'a> HashStable<StableHashingContext<'a>> + Debug,

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default fn fingerprint_style() -> FingerprintStyle

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default fn to_fingerprint(&self, tcx: Tcx) -> Fingerprint

This method turns the parameters of a DepNodeConstructor into an opaque Fingerprint to be used in DepNode. Not all DepNodeParams support being turned into a Fingerprint (they don’t need to if the corresponding DepNode is anonymous).
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default fn to_debug_str(&self, _: Tcx) -> String

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default fn recover(
_: Tcx,
_: &DepNode<<Tcx as DepContext>::DepKind>
) -> Option<T>

This method tries to recover the query key from the given DepNode, something which is needed when forcing DepNodes during red-green evaluation. The query system will only call this method if fingerprint_style() is not FingerprintStyle::Opaque. It is always valid to return None here, in which case incremental compilation will treat the query as having changed instead of forcing it.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

const: unstable · source§

fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, R> InternIteratorElement<T, R> for T

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type Output = R

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fn intern_with<I, F>(iter: I, f: F) -> <T as InternIteratorElement<T, R>>::Outputwhere
I: Iterator<Item = T>,
F: FnOnce(&[T]) -> R,

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for Twhere
U: From<T>,

const: unstable · source§

fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> MaybeResult<T> for T

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type Error = !

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fn from(_: Result<T, <T as MaybeResult<T>>::Error>) -> T

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fn to_result(self) -> Result<T, <T as MaybeResult<T>>::Error>

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impl<T> ToOwned for Twhere
T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<'tcx, T> ToPredicate<'tcx, T> for T

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fn to_predicate(self, _tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>) -> T

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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for Twhere
U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for Twhere
U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<Tcx, T, D> Value<Tcx, D> for Twhere
Tcx: DepContext,
D: DepKind,

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default fn from_cycle_error(tcx: Tcx, _: &[QueryInfo<D>]) -> T

Layout§

Note: Most layout information is completely unstable and may even differ between compilations. The only exception is types with certain repr(...) attributes. Please see the Rust Reference’s “Type Layout” chapter for details on type layout guarantees.

Size: 4 bytes