Macro std::format_args

1.0.0 · source ·
macro_rules! format_args {
    ($fmt:expr) => { ... };
    ($fmt:expr, $($args:tt)*) => { ... };
Expand description

Constructs parameters for the other string-formatting macros.

This macro functions by taking a formatting string literal containing {} for each additional argument passed. format_args! prepares the additional parameters to ensure the output can be interpreted as a string and canonicalizes the arguments into a single type. Any value that implements the Display trait can be passed to format_args!, as can any Debug implementation be passed to a {:?} within the formatting string.

This macro produces a value of type fmt::Arguments. This value can be passed to the macros within std::fmt for performing useful redirection. All other formatting macros (format!, write!, println!, etc) are proxied through this one. format_args!, unlike its derived macros, avoids heap allocations.

You can use the fmt::Arguments value that format_args! returns in Debug and Display contexts as seen below. The example also shows that Debug and Display format to the same thing: the interpolated format string in format_args!.

let debug = format!("{:?}", format_args!("{} foo {:?}", 1, 2));
let display = format!("{}", format_args!("{} foo {:?}", 1, 2));
assert_eq!("1 foo 2", display);
assert_eq!(display, debug);

See the formatting documentation in std::fmt for details of the macro argument syntax, and further information.


use std::fmt;

let s = fmt::format(format_args!("hello {}", "world"));
assert_eq!(s, format!("hello {}", "world"));

§Lifetime limitation

Except when no formatting arguments are used, the produced fmt::Arguments value borrows temporary values, which means it can only be used within the same expression and cannot be stored for later use. This is a known limitation, see #92698.