# Module std::intrinsics

source · `core_intrinsics`

)## Expand description

Compiler intrinsics.

The corresponding definitions are in https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/blob/master/compiler/rustc_codegen_llvm/src/intrinsic.rs. The corresponding const implementations are in https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/blob/master/compiler/rustc_const_eval/src/interpret/intrinsics.rs.

## Const intrinsics

Note: any changes to the constness of intrinsics should be discussed with the language team. This includes changes in the stability of the constness.

In order to make an intrinsic usable at compile-time, one needs to copy the implementation
from https://github.com/rust-lang/miri/blob/master/src/shims/intrinsics to
https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/blob/master/compiler/rustc_const_eval/src/interpret/intrinsics.rs and add a
`#[rustc_const_unstable(feature = "const_such_and_such", issue = "01234")]`

to the intrinsic declaration.

If an intrinsic is supposed to be used from a `const fn`

with a `rustc_const_stable`

attribute,
the intrinsic’s attribute must be `rustc_const_stable`

, too. Such a change should not be done
without T-lang consultation, because it bakes a feature into the language that cannot be
replicated in user code without compiler support.

## Volatiles

The volatile intrinsics provide operations intended to act on I/O memory, which are guaranteed to not be reordered by the compiler across other volatile intrinsics. See the LLVM documentation on [volatile].

## Atomics

The atomic intrinsics provide common atomic operations on machine words, with multiple possible memory orderings. They obey the same semantics as C++11. See the LLVM documentation on [atomics].

A quick refresher on memory ordering:

- Acquire - a barrier for acquiring a lock. Subsequent reads and writes take place after the barrier.
- Release - a barrier for releasing a lock. Preceding reads and writes take place before the barrier.
- Sequentially consistent - sequentially consistent operations are
guaranteed to happen in order. This is the standard mode for working
with atomic types and is equivalent to Java’s
`volatile`

.

## Modules

- mirExperimentalRustc internal tooling for hand-writing MIR.

## Functions

- copy
^{⚠}Copies`count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes from`src`

to`dst`

. The source and destination may overlap. - Copies
`count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes from`src`

to`dst`

. The source and destination must*not*overlap. - transmute
^{⚠}Reinterprets the bits of a value of one type as another type. - write_bytes
^{⚠}Sets`count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes of memory starting at`dst`

to`val`

. - abortExperimentalAborts the execution of the process.
- add_with_overflowExperimentalPerforms checked integer addition.
- Calculates the offset from a pointer, potentially wrapping.
- assert_inhabitedExperimentalA guard for unsafe functions that cannot ever be executed if
`T`

is uninhabited: This will statically either panic, or do nothing. - assert_mem_uninitialized_validExperimentalA guard for
`std::mem::uninitialized`

. This will statically either panic, or do nothing. - assert_zero_validExperimentalA guard for unsafe functions that cannot ever be executed if
`T`

does not permit zero-initialization: This will statically either panic, or do nothing. - Informs the optimizer that a condition is always true. If the condition is false, the behavior is undefined.
- Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - Stores a value if the current value is the same as the
`old`

value. - An atomic fence.
- An atomic fence.
- An atomic fence.
- An atomic fence.
- Loads the current value of the pointer.
- Loads the current value of the pointer.
- Loads the current value of the pointer.
- Do NOT use this intrinsic; “unordered” operations do not exist in our memory model! In terms of the Rust Abstract Machine, this operation is equivalent to
`src.read()`

, i.e., it performs a non-atomic read. - Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Maximum with the current value.
- Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.
- Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.
- A compiler-only memory barrier.
- A compiler-only memory barrier.
- A compiler-only memory barrier.
- A compiler-only memory barrier.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location.
- Do NOT use this intrinsic; “unordered” operations do not exist in our memory model! In terms of the Rust Abstract Machine, this operation is equivalent to
`dst.write(val)`

, i.e., it performs a non-atomic write. - Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.
- Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.
- Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.
- Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.
- Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.
- Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.
- Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.
- Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.
- Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.
- Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.
- Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.
- Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.
- Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.
- bitreverseExperimentalReverses the bits in an integer type
`T`

. - black_boxExperimentalSee documentation of
`std::hint::black_box`

for details. - Executes a breakpoint trap, for inspection by a debugger.
- bswapExperimentalReverses the bytes in an integer type
`T`

. - caller_locationExperimentalGets a reference to a static
`Location`

indicating where it was called. - Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to an
`f32`

. - Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to an
`f64`

. - Lexicographically compare
`[left, left + bytes)`

and`[right, right + bytes)`

as unsigned bytes, returning negative if`left`

is less, zero if all the bytes match, or positive if`right`

is greater. - Allocates a block of memory at compile time. At runtime, just returns a null pointer.
- Deallocates a memory which allocated by
`intrinsics::const_allocate`

at compile time. At runtime, does nothing. - Selects which function to call depending on the context.
- Copies the sign from
`y`

to`x`

for`f32`

values. - Copies the sign from
`y`

to`x`

for`f64`

values. - Returns the cosine of an
`f32`

. - Returns the cosine of an
`f64`

. - ctlzExperimentalReturns the number of leading unset bits (zeroes) in an integer type
`T`

. - Like
`ctlz`

, but extra-unsafe as it returns`undef`

when given an`x`

with value`0`

. - ctpopExperimentalReturns the number of bits set in an integer type
`T`

- cttzExperimentalReturns the number of trailing unset bits (zeroes) in an integer type
`T`

. - Like
`cttz`

, but extra-unsafe as it returns`undef`

when given an`x`

with value`0`

. - discriminant_valueExperimentalReturns the value of the discriminant for the variant in ‘v’; if
`T`

has no discriminant, returns`0`

. - Performs an exact division, resulting in undefined behavior where
`x % y != 0`

or`y == 0`

or`x == T::MIN && y == -1`

- Returns 2 raised to the power of an
`f32`

. - Returns 2 raised to the power of an
`f64`

. - Returns the exponential of an
`f32`

. - Returns the exponential of an
`f64`

. - Returns the absolute value of an
`f32`

. - Returns the absolute value of an
`f64`

. - Float addition that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.
- Float division that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.
- Convert with LLVM’s fptoui/fptosi, which may return undef for values out of range (https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/10184)
- Returns the largest integer less than or equal to an
`f32`

. - Returns the largest integer less than or equal to an
`f64`

. - Returns
`a * b + c`

for`f32`

values. - Returns
`a * b + c`

for`f64`

values. - Float multiplication that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.
- forgetExperimentalMoves a value out of scope without running drop glue.
- Float remainder that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.
- Float subtraction that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.
- likelyExperimentalHints to the compiler that branch condition is likely to be true. Returns the value passed to it.
- Returns the base 2 logarithm of an
`f32`

. - Returns the base 2 logarithm of an
`f64`

. - Returns the base 10 logarithm of an
`f32`

. - Returns the base 10 logarithm of an
`f64`

. - Returns the natural logarithm of an
`f32`

. - Returns the natural logarithm of an
`f64`

. - maxnumf32ExperimentalReturns the maximum of two
`f32`

values. - maxnumf64ExperimentalReturns the maximum of two
`f64`

values. - min_align_ofExperimentalThe minimum alignment of a type.
- The required alignment of the referenced value.
- minnumf32ExperimentalReturns the minimum of two
`f32`

values. - minnumf64ExperimentalReturns the minimum of two
`f64`

values. - mul_with_overflowExperimentalPerforms checked integer multiplication
- Returns the nearest integer to an
`f32`

. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f64`

. - needs_dropExperimentalReturns
`true`

if the actual type given as`T`

requires drop glue; returns`false`

if the actual type provided for`T`

implements`Copy`

. - Emits a
`!nontemporal`

store according to LLVM (see their docs). Probably will never become stable. - Calculates the offset from a pointer.
- Raises an
`f32`

to an`f32`

power. - Raises an
`f64`

to an`f64`

power. - Raises an
`f32`

to an integer power. - Raises an
`f64`

to an integer power. - The preferred alignment of a type.
- The
`prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op. Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance characteristics. - The
`prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op. Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance characteristics. - The
`prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op. Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance characteristics. `prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op. Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance characteristics.- ptr_guaranteed_cmpExperimentalSee documentation of
`<*const T>::guaranteed_eq`

for details. Returns`2`

if the result is unknown. Returns`1`

if the pointers are guaranteed equal Returns`0`

if the pointers are guaranteed inequal - ptr_maskExperimentalMasks out bits of the pointer according to a mask.
- See documentation of
`<*const T>::offset_from`

for details. - See documentation of
`<*const T>::sub_ptr`

for details. - Determines whether the raw bytes of the two values are equal.
- This is an implementation detail of
`crate::ptr::read`

and should not be used anywhere else. See its comments for why this exists. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f32`

. May raise an inexact floating-point exception if the argument is not an integer. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f64`

. May raise an inexact floating-point exception if the argument is not an integer. - rotate_leftExperimentalPerforms rotate left.
- rotate_rightExperimentalPerforms rotate right.
- Returns the nearest integer to an
`f32`

. Rounds half-way cases to the number with an even least significant digit. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f64`

. Rounds half-way cases to the number with an even least significant digit. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f32`

. Rounds half-way cases away from zero. - Returns the nearest integer to an
`f64`

. Rounds half-way cases away from zero. - rustc_peekExperimentalMagic intrinsic that derives its meaning from attributes attached to the function.
- saturating_addExperimentalComputes
`a + b`

, saturating at numeric bounds. - saturating_subExperimentalComputes
`a - b`

, saturating at numeric bounds. - Returns the sine of an
`f32`

. - Returns the sine of an
`f64`

. - size_ofExperimentalThe size of a type in bytes.
- The size of the referenced value in bytes.
- Returns the square root of an
`f32`

- Returns the square root of an
`f64`

- sub_with_overflowExperimentalPerforms checked integer subtraction
- Like
`transmute`

, but even less checked at compile-time: rather than giving an error for`size_of::<Src>() != size_of::<Dst>()`

, it’s**Undefined Behaviour**at runtime. - Returns the integer part of an
`f32`

. - Returns the integer part of an
`f64`

. - Rust’s “try catch” construct which invokes the function pointer
`try_fn`

with the data pointer`data`

. - type_idExperimentalGets an identifier which is globally unique to the specified type. This function will return the same value for a type regardless of whichever crate it is invoked in.
- type_nameExperimentalGets a static string slice containing the name of a type.
- Performs a volatile load from the
`src`

pointer The pointer is not required to be aligned. - Performs a volatile store to the
`dst`

pointer. The pointer is not required to be aligned. - Returns the result of an unchecked addition, resulting in undefined behavior when
`x + y > T::MAX`

or`x + y < T::MIN`

. - Performs an unchecked division, resulting in undefined behavior where
`y == 0`

or`x == T::MIN && y == -1`

- Returns the result of an unchecked multiplication, resulting in undefined behavior when
`x * y > T::MAX`

or`x * y < T::MIN`

. - Returns the remainder of an unchecked division, resulting in undefined behavior when
`y == 0`

or`x == T::MIN && y == -1`

- Performs an unchecked left shift, resulting in undefined behavior when
`y < 0`

or`y >= N`

, where N is the width of T in bits. - Performs an unchecked right shift, resulting in undefined behavior when
`y < 0`

or`y >= N`

, where N is the width of T in bits. - Returns the result of an unchecked subtraction, resulting in undefined behavior when
`x - y > T::MAX`

or`x - y < T::MIN`

. - unlikelyExperimentalHints to the compiler that branch condition is likely to be false. Returns the value passed to it.
- Informs the optimizer that this point in the code is not reachable, enabling further optimizations.
- variant_countExperimentalReturns the number of variants of the type
`T`

cast to a`usize`

; if`T`

has no variants, returns`0`

. Uninhabited variants will be counted. - Equivalent to the appropriate
`llvm.memmove.p0i8.0i8.*`

intrinsic, with a size of`count * size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of`min_align_of::<T>()`

- Equivalent to the appropriate
`llvm.memcpy.p0i8.0i8.*`

intrinsic, with a size of`count`

*`size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of`min_align_of::<T>()`

- Performs a volatile load from the
`src`

pointer. - Equivalent to the appropriate
`llvm.memset.p0i8.*`

intrinsic, with a size of`count * size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of`min_align_of::<T>()`

. - Performs a volatile store to the
`dst`

pointer. `ptr`

must point to a vtable. The intrinsic will return the alignment stored in that vtable.`ptr`

must point to a vtable. The intrinsic will return the size stored in that vtable.- wrapping_addExperimentalReturns (a + b) mod 2
^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits. - wrapping_mulExperimentalReturns (a * b) mod 2
^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits. - wrapping_subExperimentalReturns (a - b) mod 2
^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits. - This is an implementation detail of
`crate::ptr::write`

and should not be used anywhere else. See its comments for why this exists.