Enum rustc_middle::mir::BorrowKind[][src]

pub enum BorrowKind {
    Shared,
    Shallow,
    Unique,
    Mut {
        allow_two_phase_borrow: bool,
    },
}

Variants

Shared

Data must be immutable and is aliasable.

Shallow

The immediately borrowed place must be immutable, but projections from it don’t need to be. For example, a shallow borrow of a.b doesn’t conflict with a mutable borrow of a.b.c.

This is used when lowering matches: when matching on a place we want to ensure that place have the same value from the start of the match until an arm is selected. This prevents this code from compiling:

let mut x = &Some(0);
match *x {
    None => (),
    Some(_) if { x = &None; false } => (),
    Some(_) => (),
}

This can’t be a shared borrow because mutably borrowing (*x as Some).0 should not prevent if let None = x { ... }, for example, because the mutating (*x as Some).0 can’t affect the discriminant of x. We can also report errors with this kind of borrow differently.

Unique

Data must be immutable but not aliasable. This kind of borrow cannot currently be expressed by the user and is used only in implicit closure bindings. It is needed when the closure is borrowing or mutating a mutable referent, e.g.:

let x: &mut isize = ...;
let y = || *x += 5;

If we were to try to translate this closure into a more explicit form, we’d encounter an error with the code as written:

struct Env { x: & &mut isize }
let x: &mut isize = ...;
let y = (&mut Env { &x }, fn_ptr);  // Closure is pair of env and fn
fn fn_ptr(env: &mut Env) { **env.x += 5; }

This is then illegal because you cannot mutate an &mut found in an aliasable location. To solve, you’d have to translate with an &mut borrow:

struct Env { x: &mut &mut isize }
let x: &mut isize = ...;
let y = (&mut Env { &mut x }, fn_ptr); // changed from &x to &mut x
fn fn_ptr(env: &mut Env) { **env.x += 5; }

Now the assignment to **env.x is legal, but creating a mutable pointer to x is not because x is not mutable. We could fix this by declaring x as let mut x. This is ok in user code, if awkward, but extra weird for closures, since the borrow is hidden.

So we introduce a “unique imm” borrow – the referent is immutable, but not aliasable. This solves the problem. For simplicity, we don’t give users the way to express this borrow, it’s just used when translating closures.

Mut

Data is mutable and not aliasable.

Fields of Mut

allow_two_phase_borrow: bool

true if this borrow arose from method-call auto-ref (i.e., adjustment::Adjust::Borrow).

Implementations

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

Layout

Note: Most layout information is completely unstable and may be different between compiler versions and platforms. The only exception is types with certain repr(...) attributes. Please see the Rust Reference’s “Type Layout” chapter for details on type layout guarantees.

Size: 1 byte