# Module std::intrinsics [−][src]

## 🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (`core_intrinsics`

)

intrinsics are unlikely to ever be stabilized, instead they should be used through stabilized interfaces in the rest of the standard library

## Expand description

Compiler intrinsics.

The corresponding definitions are in `compiler/rustc_codegen_llvm/src/intrinsic.rs`

.
The corresponding const implementations are in `compiler/rustc_mir/src/interpret/intrinsics.rs`

# Const intrinsics

Note: any changes to the constness of intrinsics should be discussed with the language team. This includes changes in the stability of the constness.

In order to make an intrinsic usable at compile-time, one needs to copy the implementation
from https://github.com/rust-lang/miri/blob/master/src/shims/intrinsics.rs to
`compiler/rustc_mir/src/interpret/intrinsics.rs`

and add a
`#[rustc_const_unstable(feature = "foo", issue = "01234")]`

to the intrinsic.

If an intrinsic is supposed to be used from a `const fn`

with a `rustc_const_stable`

attribute,
the intrinsic’s attribute must be `rustc_const_stable`

, too. Such a change should not be done
without T-lang consultation, because it bakes a feature into the language that cannot be
replicated in user code without compiler support.

# Volatiles

The volatile intrinsics provide operations intended to act on I/O memory, which are guaranteed to not be reordered by the compiler across other volatile intrinsics. See the LLVM documentation on [volatile].

# Atomics

The atomic intrinsics provide common atomic operations on machine words, with multiple possible memory orderings. They obey the same semantics as C++11. See the LLVM documentation on [atomics].

A quick refresher on memory ordering:

- Acquire - a barrier for acquiring a lock. Subsequent reads and writes take place after the barrier.
- Release - a barrier for releasing a lock. Preceding reads and writes take place before the barrier.
- Sequentially consistent - sequentially consistent operations are
guaranteed to happen in order. This is the standard mode for working
with atomic types and is equivalent to Java’s
`volatile`

.

## Functions

Aborts the execution of the process.

Performs checked integer addition.

Calculates the offset from a pointer, potentially wrapping.

A guard for unsafe functions that cannot ever be executed if `T`

is uninhabited:
This will statically either panic, or do nothing.

A guard for unsafe functions that cannot ever be executed if `T`

has invalid
bit patterns: This will statically either panic, or do nothing.

A guard for unsafe functions that cannot ever be executed if `T`

does not permit
zero-initialization: This will statically either panic, or do nothing.

Informs the optimizer that a condition is always true. If the condition is false, the behavior is undefined.

Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise and with the current value, returning the previous value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

Stores a value if the current value is the same as the `old`

value.

An atomic fence.

An atomic fence.

An atomic fence.

An atomic fence.

Loads the current value of the pointer.

Loads the current value of the pointer.

Loads the current value of the pointer.

Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Maximum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Maximum with the current value.

Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Minimum with the current value using a signed comparison.

Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise nand with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise or with the current value, returning the previous value.

A compiler-only memory barrier.

A compiler-only memory barrier.

A compiler-only memory barrier.

A compiler-only memory barrier.

Stores the value at the specified memory location.

Stores the value at the specified memory location.

Stores the value at the specified memory location.

Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Maximum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Minimum with the current value using an unsigned comparison.

Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.

Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.

Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.

Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.

Adds to the current value, returning the previous value.

Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.

Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.

Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.

Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.

Stores the value at the specified memory location, returning the old value.

Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.

Bitwise xor with the current value, returning the previous value.

Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.

Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.

Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.

Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.

Subtract from the current value, returning the previous value.

Reverses the bits in an integer type `T`

.

Executes a breakpoint trap, for inspection by a debugger.

Reverses the bytes in an integer type `T`

.

Gets a reference to a static `Location`

indicating where it was called.

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to an `f32`

.

Returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to an `f64`

.

Allocate at compile time. Should not be called at runtime.

Copies the sign from `y`

to `x`

for `f32`

values.

Copies the sign from `y`

to `x`

for `f64`

values.

Returns the cosine of an `f32`

.

Returns the cosine of an `f64`

.

Returns the number of leading unset bits (zeroes) in an integer type `T`

.

Like `ctlz`

, but extra-unsafe as it returns `undef`

when
given an `x`

with value `0`

.

Returns the number of bits set in an integer type `T`

Returns the number of trailing unset bits (zeroes) in an integer type `T`

.

Like `cttz`

, but extra-unsafe as it returns `undef`

when
given an `x`

with value `0`

.

Returns the value of the discriminant for the variant in ‘v’;
if `T`

has no discriminant, returns `0`

.

Performs an exact division, resulting in undefined behavior where
`x % y != 0`

or `y == 0`

or `x == T::MIN && y == -1`

Returns 2 raised to the power of an `f32`

.

Returns 2 raised to the power of an `f64`

.

Returns the exponential of an `f32`

.

Returns the exponential of an `f64`

.

Returns the absolute value of an `f32`

.

Returns the absolute value of an `f64`

.

Float addition that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.

Float division that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.

Convert with LLVM’s fptoui/fptosi, which may return undef for values out of range (https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/10184)

Returns the largest integer less than or equal to an `f32`

.

Returns the largest integer less than or equal to an `f64`

.

Returns `a * b + c`

for `f32`

values.

Returns `a * b + c`

for `f64`

values.

Float multiplication that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.

Moves a value out of scope without running drop glue.

Float remainder that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.

Float subtraction that allows optimizations based on algebraic rules. May assume inputs are finite.

Hints to the compiler that branch condition is likely to be true. Returns the value passed to it.

Returns the base 2 logarithm of an `f32`

.

Returns the base 2 logarithm of an `f64`

.

Returns the base 10 logarithm of an `f32`

.

Returns the base 10 logarithm of an `f64`

.

Returns the natural logarithm of an `f32`

.

Returns the natural logarithm of an `f64`

.

Returns the maximum of two `f32`

values.

Returns the maximum of two `f64`

values.

The minimum alignment of a type.

The required alignment of the referenced value.

Returns the minimum of two `f32`

values.

Returns the minimum of two `f64`

values.

Performs checked integer multiplication

Returns the nearest integer to an `f32`

.

Returns the nearest integer to an `f64`

.

Returns `true`

if the actual type given as `T`

requires drop
glue; returns `false`

if the actual type provided for `T`

implements `Copy`

.

Emits a `!nontemporal`

store according to LLVM (see their docs).
Probably will never become stable.

Calculates the offset from a pointer.

Raises an `f32`

to an `f32`

power.

Raises an `f64`

to an `f64`

power.

Raises an `f32`

to an integer power.

Raises an `f64`

to an integer power.

The preferred alignment of a type.

The `prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction
if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op.
Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance
characteristics.

The `prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction
if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op.
Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance
characteristics.

The `prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction
if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op.
Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance
characteristics.

`prefetch`

intrinsic is a hint to the code generator to insert a prefetch instruction
if supported; otherwise, it is a no-op.
Prefetches have no effect on the behavior of the program but can change its performance
characteristics.

See documentation of `<*const T>::guaranteed_eq`

for details.

See documentation of `<*const T>::guaranteed_ne`

for details.

See documentation of `<*const T>::offset_from`

for details.

Determines whether the raw bytes of the two values are equal.

Returns the nearest integer to an `f32`

. May raise an inexact floating-point exception
if the argument is not an integer.

Returns the nearest integer to an `f64`

. May raise an inexact floating-point exception
if the argument is not an integer.

Performs rotate left.

Performs rotate right.

Returns the nearest integer to an `f32`

. Rounds half-way cases away from zero.

Returns the nearest integer to an `f64`

. Rounds half-way cases away from zero.

Magic intrinsic that derives its meaning from attributes attached to the function.

Computes `a + b`

, saturating at numeric bounds.

Computes `a - b`

, saturating at numeric bounds.

Returns the sine of an `f32`

.

Returns the sine of an `f64`

.

The size of a type in bytes.

The size of the referenced value in bytes.

Returns the square root of an `f32`

Returns the square root of an `f64`

Performs checked integer subtraction

Returns the integer part of an `f32`

.

Returns the integer part of an `f64`

.

Rust’s “try catch” construct which invokes the function pointer `try_fn`

with the data pointer `data`

.

Gets an identifier which is globally unique to the specified type. This function will return the same value for a type regardless of whichever crate it is invoked in.

Gets a static string slice containing the name of a type.

Performs a volatile load from the `src`

pointer
The pointer is not required to be aligned.

Performs a volatile store to the `dst`

pointer.
The pointer is not required to be aligned.

Returns the result of an unchecked addition, resulting in
undefined behavior when `x + y > T::MAX`

or `x + y < T::MIN`

.

Performs an unchecked division, resulting in undefined behavior
where `y == 0`

or `x == T::MIN && y == -1`

Returns the result of an unchecked multiplication, resulting in
undefined behavior when `x * y > T::MAX`

or `x * y < T::MIN`

.

Returns the remainder of an unchecked division, resulting in
undefined behavior when `y == 0`

or `x == T::MIN && y == -1`

Performs an unchecked left shift, resulting in undefined behavior when
`y < 0`

or `y >= N`

, where N is the width of T in bits.

Performs an unchecked right shift, resulting in undefined behavior when
`y < 0`

or `y >= N`

, where N is the width of T in bits.

Returns the result of an unchecked subtraction, resulting in
undefined behavior when `x - y > T::MAX`

or `x - y < T::MIN`

.

Hints to the compiler that branch condition is likely to be false. Returns the value passed to it.

Informs the optimizer that this point in the code is not reachable, enabling further optimizations.

Returns the number of variants of the type `T`

cast to a `usize`

;
if `T`

has no variants, returns `0`

. Uninhabited variants will be counted.

Equivalent to the appropriate `llvm.memmove.p0i8.0i8.*`

intrinsic, with
a size of `count * size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of
`min_align_of::<T>()`

Equivalent to the appropriate `llvm.memcpy.p0i8.0i8.*`

intrinsic, with
a size of `count`

* `size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of
`min_align_of::<T>()`

Performs a volatile load from the `src`

pointer.

Equivalent to the appropriate `llvm.memset.p0i8.*`

intrinsic, with a
size of `count * size_of::<T>()`

and an alignment of
`min_align_of::<T>()`

.

Performs a volatile store to the `dst`

pointer.

Returns (a + b) mod 2^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits.

Returns (a * b) mod 2^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits.

Returns (a - b) mod 2^{N}, where N is the width of T in bits.

Copies `count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes from `src`

to `dst`

. The source
and destination may overlap.

Copies `count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes from `src`

to `dst`

. The source
and destination must *not* overlap.

Reinterprets the bits of a value of one type as another type.

Sets `count * size_of::<T>()`

bytes of memory starting at `dst`

to
`val`

.