Trait std::str::FromStr

1.0.0 · source ·
pub trait FromStr: Sized {
    type Err;

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err>;
Expand description

Parse a value from a string

FromStr’s from_str method is often used implicitly, through str’s parse method. See parse’s documentation for examples.

FromStr does not have a lifetime parameter, and so you can only parse types that do not contain a lifetime parameter themselves. In other words, you can parse an i32 with FromStr, but not a &i32. You can parse a struct that contains an i32, but not one that contains an &i32.


Basic implementation of FromStr on an example Point type:

use std::str::FromStr;

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq, Eq)]
struct ParsePointError;

impl FromStr for Point {
    type Err = ParsePointError;

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err> {
        let (x, y) = s
            .and_then(|s| s.strip_suffix(')'))
            .and_then(|s| s.split_once(','))

        let x_fromstr = x.parse::<i32>().map_err(|_| ParsePointError)?;
        let y_fromstr = y.parse::<i32>().map_err(|_| ParsePointError)?;

        Ok(Point { x: x_fromstr, y: y_fromstr })

let expected = Ok(Point { x: 1, y: 2 });
// Explicit call
assert_eq!(Point::from_str("(1,2)"), expected);
// Implicit calls, through parse
assert_eq!("(1,2)".parse(), expected);
assert_eq!("(1,2)".parse::<Point>(), expected);
// Invalid input string
assert!(Point::from_str("(1 2)").is_err());

Required Associated Types§

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Required Methods§

Parses a string s to return a value of this type.

If parsing succeeds, return the value inside Ok, otherwise when the string is ill-formatted return an error specific to the inside Err. The error type is specific to the implementation of the trait.


Basic usage with i32, a type that implements FromStr:

use std::str::FromStr;

let s = "5";
let x = i32::from_str(s).unwrap();

assert_eq!(5, x);