1.0.0[][src]Struct std::net::Ipv4Addr

pub struct Ipv4Addr { /* fields omitted */ }

An IPv4 address.

IPv4 addresses are defined as 32-bit integers in IETF RFC 791. They are usually represented as four octets.

See IpAddr for a type encompassing both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.

The size of an Ipv4Addr struct may vary depending on the target operating system.

Textual representation

Ipv4Addr provides a FromStr implementation. The four octets are in decimal notation, divided by . (this is called "dot-decimal notation").

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let localhost = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!("127.0.0.1".parse(), Ok(localhost));
assert_eq!(localhost.is_loopback(), true);Run

Methods

impl Ipv4Addr[src]

pub const fn new(a: u8, b: u8, c: u8, d: u8) -> Ipv4Addr[src]

Creates a new IPv4 address from four eight-bit octets.

The result will represent the IP address a.b.c.d.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);Run

pub const LOCALHOST: Self1.30.0[src]

An IPv4 address with the address pointing to localhost: 127.0.0.1.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1));Run

pub const UNSPECIFIED: Self1.30.0[src]

An IPv4 address representing an unspecified address: 0.0.0.0

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::UNSPECIFIED;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0));Run

pub const BROADCAST: Self1.30.0[src]

An IPv4 address representing the broadcast address: 255.255.255.255

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::BROADCAST;
assert_eq!(addr, Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255));Run

pub fn octets(&self) -> [u8; 4][src]

Returns the four eight-bit integers that make up this address.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1);
assert_eq!(addr.octets(), [127, 0, 0, 1]);Run

pub const fn is_unspecified(&self) -> bool1.12.0[src]

Returns true for the special 'unspecified' address (0.0.0.0).

This property is defined in UNIX Network Programming, Second Edition, W. Richard Stevens, p. 891; see also ip7.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_unspecified(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_unspecified(), false);Run

pub fn is_loopback(&self) -> bool1.7.0[src]

Returns true if this is a loopback address (127.0.0.0/8).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 1122.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_loopback(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(45, 22, 13, 197).is_loopback(), false);Run

pub fn is_private(&self) -> bool1.7.0[src]

Returns true if this is a private address.

The private address ranges are defined in IETF RFC 1918 and include:

  • 10.0.0.0/8
  • 172.16.0.0/12
  • 192.168.0.0/16

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 0, 0, 1).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 10, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 10).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 29, 45, 14).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 32, 0, 2).is_private(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 0, 2).is_private(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 169, 0, 2).is_private(), false);Run

Returns true if the address is link-local (169.254.0.0/16).

This property is defined by IETF RFC 3927.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 0, 0).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 10, 65).is_link_local(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(16, 89, 10, 65).is_link_local(), false);Run

pub fn is_global(&self) -> bool[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if the address appears to be globally routable. See iana-ipv4-special-registry.

The following return false:

Examples

#![feature(ip)]

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

// private addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(10, 254, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 168, 10, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_global(), false);

// the 0.0.0.0/8 block is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 1, 2, 3).is_global(), false);
// in particular, the unspecified address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// the loopback address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(127, 0, 0, 1).is_global(), false);

// link local addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(169, 254, 45, 1).is_global(), false);

// the broadcast address is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_global(), false);

// the address space designated for documentation is not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_global(), false);

// shared addresses are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 100, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for protocol assignment are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 0).is_global(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 255).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for future use are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(250, 10, 20, 30).is_global(), false);

// addresses reserved for network devices benchmarking are not global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_global(), false);

// All the other addresses are global
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(1, 1, 1, 1).is_global(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(80, 9, 12, 3).is_global(), true);Run

pub fn is_shared(&self) -> bool[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if this address is part of the Shared Address Space defined in IETF RFC 6598 (100.64.0.0/10).

Examples

#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 64, 0, 0).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 127, 255, 255).is_shared(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(100, 128, 0, 0).is_shared(), false);Run

pub fn is_ietf_protocol_assignment(&self) -> bool[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if this address is part of 192.0.0.0/24, which is reserved to IANA for IETF protocol assignments, as documented in IETF RFC 6890.

Note that parts of this block are in use:

Examples

#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 0).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 8).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 9).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 0, 255).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 1, 0).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(191, 255, 255, 255).is_ietf_protocol_assignment(), false);Run

pub fn is_benchmarking(&self) -> bool[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if this address part of the 198.18.0.0/15 range, which is reserved for network devices benchmarking. This range is defined in IETF RFC 2544 as 192.18.0.0 through 198.19.255.255 but errata 423 corrects it to 198.18.0.0/15.

Examples

#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 17, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), false);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 18, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 19, 255, 255).is_benchmarking(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 20, 0, 0).is_benchmarking(), false);Run

pub fn is_reserved(&self) -> bool[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ip #27709)

extra functionality has not been scrutinized to the level that it should be to be stable

Returns true if this address is reserved by IANA for future use. IETF RFC 1112 defines the block of reserved addresses as 240.0.0.0/4. This range normally includes the broadcast address 255.255.255.255, but this implementation explicitely excludes it, since it is obviously not reserved for future use.

Warning

As IANA assigns new addresses, this method will be updated. This may result in non-reserved addresses being treated as reserved in code that relies on an outdated version of this method.

Examples

#![feature(ip)]
use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(240, 0, 0, 0).is_reserved(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 254).is_reserved(), true);

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(239, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);
// The broadcast address is not considered as reserved for future use by this implementation
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_reserved(), false);Run

pub fn is_multicast(&self) -> bool1.7.0[src]

Returns true if this is a multicast address (224.0.0.0/4).

Multicast addresses have a most significant octet between 224 and 239, and is defined by IETF RFC 5771.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(224, 254, 0, 0).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_multicast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(172, 16, 10, 65).is_multicast(), false);Run

pub fn is_broadcast(&self) -> bool1.7.0[src]

Returns true if this is a broadcast address (255.255.255.255).

A broadcast address has all octets set to 255 as defined in IETF RFC 919.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(255, 255, 255, 255).is_broadcast(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(236, 168, 10, 65).is_broadcast(), false);Run

pub fn is_documentation(&self) -> bool1.7.0[src]

Returns true if this address is in a range designated for documentation.

This is defined in IETF RFC 5737:

  • 192.0.2.0/24 (TEST-NET-1)
  • 198.51.100.0/24 (TEST-NET-2)
  • 203.0.113.0/24 (TEST-NET-3)

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(198, 51, 100, 65).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(203, 0, 113, 6).is_documentation(), true);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(193, 34, 17, 19).is_documentation(), false);Run

pub fn to_ipv6_compatible(&self) -> Ipv6Addr[src]

Converts this address to an IPv4-compatible IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::a.b.c.d

Examples

use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(
    Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_compatible(),
    Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 49152, 767)
);Run

pub fn to_ipv6_mapped(&self) -> Ipv6Addr[src]

Converts this address to an IPv4-mapped IPv6 address.

a.b.c.d becomes ::ffff:a.b.c.d

Examples

use std::net::{Ipv4Addr, Ipv6Addr};

assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(192, 0, 2, 255).to_ipv6_mapped(),
           Ipv6Addr::new(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 65535, 49152, 767));Run

Trait Implementations

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr1.16.0[src]

impl From<Ipv4Addr> for u321.1.0[src]

fn from(ip: Ipv4Addr) -> u32[src]

Converts an Ipv4Addr into a host byte order u32.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10);
assert_eq!(0x0d0c0b0au32, u32::from(addr));Run

impl From<u32> for Ipv4Addr1.1.0[src]

fn from(ip: u32) -> Ipv4Addr[src]

Converts a host byte order u32 into an Ipv4Addr.

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from(0x0d0c0b0au32);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);Run

impl From<[u8; 4]> for Ipv4Addr1.9.0[src]

fn from(octets: [u8; 4]) -> Ipv4Addr[src]

Examples

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;

let addr = Ipv4Addr::from([13u8, 12u8, 11u8, 10u8]);
assert_eq!(Ipv4Addr::new(13, 12, 11, 10), addr);Run

impl Debug for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl Display for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl PartialEq<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr1.16.0[src]

impl PartialEq<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr1.16.0[src]

impl Eq for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl Ord for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl PartialOrd<Ipv4Addr> for IpAddr1.16.0[src]

impl PartialOrd<IpAddr> for Ipv4Addr1.16.0[src]

impl FromStr for Ipv4Addr[src]

type Err = AddrParseError

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

impl Hash for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl Copy for Ipv4Addr[src]

impl Clone for Ipv4Addr[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl UnwindSafe for Ipv4Addr

impl RefUnwindSafe for Ipv4Addr

impl Unpin for Ipv4Addr

impl Send for Ipv4Addr

impl Sync for Ipv4Addr

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = !

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
[src]