1.0.0[][src]Trait core::str::FromStr

pub trait FromStr: Sized {
    type Err;
    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err>;
}

A trait to abstract the idea of creating a new instance of a type from a string.

FromStr's from_str method is often used implicitly, through str's parse method. See parse's documentation for examples.

Examples

Basic implementation of FromStr on an example Point type:

use std::str::FromStr;
use std::num::ParseIntError;

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32
}

impl FromStr for Point {
    type Err = ParseIntError;

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err> {
        let coords: Vec<&str> = s.trim_matches(|p| p == '(' || p == ')' )
                                 .split(',')
                                 .collect();

        let x_fromstr = coords[0].parse::<i32>()?;
        let y_fromstr = coords[1].parse::<i32>()?;

        Ok(Point { x: x_fromstr, y: y_fromstr })
    }
}

let p = Point::from_str("(1,2)");
assert_eq!(p.unwrap(), Point{ x: 1, y: 2} )Run

Associated Types

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Required Methods

Parses a string s to return a value of this type.

If parsing succeeds, return the value inside Ok, otherwise when the string is ill-formatted return an error specific to the inside Err. The error type is specific to implementation of the trait.

Examples

Basic usage with i32, a type that implements FromStr:

use std::str::FromStr;

let s = "5";
let x = i32::from_str(s).unwrap();

assert_eq!(5, x);Run

Implementors

impl FromStr for bool
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Parse a bool from a string.

Yields a Result<bool, ParseBoolError>, because s may or may not actually be parseable.

Examples

use std::str::FromStr;

assert_eq!(FromStr::from_str("true"), Ok(true));
assert_eq!(FromStr::from_str("false"), Ok(false));
assert!(<bool as FromStr>::from_str("not even a boolean").is_err());Run

Note, in many cases, the .parse() method on str is more proper.

assert_eq!("true".parse(), Ok(true));
assert_eq!("false".parse(), Ok(false));
assert!("not even a boolean".parse::<bool>().is_err());Run

impl FromStr for char
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impl FromStr for f32
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Converts a string in base 10 to a float. Accepts an optional decimal exponent.

This function accepts strings such as

  • '3.14'
  • '-3.14'
  • '2.5E10', or equivalently, '2.5e10'
  • '2.5E-10'
  • '5.'
  • '.5', or, equivalently, '0.5'
  • 'inf', '-inf', 'NaN'

Leading and trailing whitespace represent an error.

Arguments

  • src - A string

Return value

Err(ParseFloatError) if the string did not represent a valid number. Otherwise, Ok(n) where n is the floating-point number represented by src.

impl FromStr for f64
[src]

Converts a string in base 10 to a float. Accepts an optional decimal exponent.

This function accepts strings such as

  • '3.14'
  • '-3.14'
  • '2.5E10', or equivalently, '2.5e10'
  • '2.5E-10'
  • '5.'
  • '.5', or, equivalently, '0.5'
  • 'inf', '-inf', 'NaN'

Leading and trailing whitespace represent an error.

Arguments

  • src - A string

Return value

Err(ParseFloatError) if the string did not represent a valid number. Otherwise, Ok(n) where n is the floating-point number represented by src.

impl FromStr for i8
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impl FromStr for i16
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impl FromStr for i32
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impl FromStr for i64
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impl FromStr for i128
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impl FromStr for isize
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impl FromStr for u8
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impl FromStr for u16
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impl FromStr for u32
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impl FromStr for u64
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impl FromStr for u128
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impl FromStr for usize
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