1.0.0[][src]Trait core::str::FromStr

pub trait FromStr: Sized {
    type Err;
    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err>;
}

A trait to abstract the idea of creating a new instance of a type from a string.

FromStr's from_str method is often used implicitly, through str's parse method. See parse's documentation for examples.

Examples

Basic implementation of FromStr on an example Point type:

use std::str::FromStr;
use std::num::ParseIntError;

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
struct Point {
    x: i32,
    y: i32
}

impl FromStr for Point {
    type Err = ParseIntError;

    fn from_str(s: &str) -> Result<Self, Self::Err> {
        let coords: Vec<&str> = s.trim_matches(|p| p == '(' || p == ')' )
                                 .split(",")
                                 .collect();

        let x_fromstr = coords[0].parse::<i32>()?;
        let y_fromstr = coords[1].parse::<i32>()?;

        Ok(Point { x: x_fromstr, y: y_fromstr })
    }
}

let p = Point::from_str("(1,2)");
assert_eq!(p.unwrap(), Point{ x: 1, y: 2} )Run

Associated Types

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Required Methods

Parses a string s to return a value of this type.

If parsing succeeds, return the value inside Ok, otherwise when the string is ill-formatted return an error specific to the inside Err. The error type is specific to implementation of the trait.

Examples

Basic usage with i32, a type that implements FromStr:

use std::str::FromStr;

let s = "5";
let x = i32::from_str(s).unwrap();

assert_eq!(5, x);Run

Implementors