Struct core::iter::Peekable1.0.0[][src]

pub struct Peekable<I: Iterator> { /* fields omitted */ }
Expand description

An iterator with a peek() that returns an optional reference to the next element.

This struct is created by the peekable method on Iterator. See its documentation for more.

Implementations

Returns a reference to the next() value without advancing the iterator.

Like next, if there is a value, it is wrapped in a Some(T). But if the iteration is over, None is returned.

Because peek() returns a reference, and many iterators iterate over references, there can be a possibly confusing situation where the return value is a double reference. You can see this effect in the examples below.

Examples

Basic usage:

let xs = [1, 2, 3];

let mut iter = xs.iter().peekable();

// peek() lets us see into the future
assert_eq!(iter.peek(), Some(&&1));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&1));

assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&2));

// The iterator does not advance even if we `peek` multiple times
assert_eq!(iter.peek(), Some(&&3));
assert_eq!(iter.peek(), Some(&&3));

assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&3));

// After the iterator is finished, so is `peek()`
assert_eq!(iter.peek(), None);
assert_eq!(iter.next(), None);
Run

Returns a mutable reference to the next() value without advancing the iterator.

Like next, if there is a value, it is wrapped in a Some(T). But if the iteration is over, None is returned.

Because peek_mut() returns a reference, and many iterators iterate over references, there can be a possibly confusing situation where the return value is a double reference. You can see this effect in the examples below.

Examples

Basic usage:

let mut iter = [1, 2, 3].iter().peekable();

// Like with `peek()`, we can see into the future without advancing the iterator.
assert_eq!(iter.peek_mut(), Some(&mut &1));
assert_eq!(iter.peek_mut(), Some(&mut &1));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&1));

// Peek into the iterator and set the value behind the mutable reference.
if let Some(p) = iter.peek_mut() {
    assert_eq!(*p, &2);
    *p = &5;
}

// The value we put in reappears as the iterator continues.
assert_eq!(iter.collect::<Vec<_>>(), vec![&5, &3]);
Run

Consume and return the next value of this iterator if a condition is true.

If func returns true for the next value of this iterator, consume and return it. Otherwise, return None.

Examples

Consume a number if it’s equal to 0.

let mut iter = (0..5).peekable();
// The first item of the iterator is 0; consume it.
assert_eq!(iter.next_if(|&x| x == 0), Some(0));
// The next item returned is now 1, so `consume` will return `false`.
assert_eq!(iter.next_if(|&x| x == 0), None);
// `next_if` saves the value of the next item if it was not equal to `expected`.
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(1));
Run

Consume any number less than 10.

let mut iter = (1..20).peekable();
// Consume all numbers less than 10
while iter.next_if(|&x| x < 10).is_some() {}
// The next value returned will be 10
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(10));
Run

Consume and return the next item if it is equal to expected.

Example

Consume a number if it’s equal to 0.

let mut iter = (0..5).peekable();
// The first item of the iterator is 0; consume it.
assert_eq!(iter.next_if_eq(&0), Some(0));
// The next item returned is now 1, so `consume` will return `false`.
assert_eq!(iter.next_if_eq(&0), None);
// `next_if_eq` saves the value of the next item if it was not equal to `expected`.
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(1));
Run

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Removes and returns an element from the end of the iterator. Read more

This is the reverse version of Iterator::try_fold(): it takes elements starting from the back of the iterator. Read more

An iterator method that reduces the iterator’s elements to a single, final value, starting from the back. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_advance_by #77404)

recently added

Advances the iterator from the back by n elements. Read more

Returns the nth element from the end of the iterator. Read more

Searches for an element of an iterator from the back that satisfies a predicate. Read more

Returns the exact length of the iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exact_size_is_empty #35428)

Returns true if the iterator is empty. Read more

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Advances the iterator and returns the next value. Read more

Consumes the iterator, counting the number of iterations and returning it. Read more

Returns the nth element of the iterator. Read more

Consumes the iterator, returning the last element. Read more

Returns the bounds on the remaining length of the iterator. Read more

An iterator method that applies a function as long as it returns successfully, producing a single, final value. Read more

Folds every element into an accumulator by applying an operation, returning the final result. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_advance_by #77404)

recently added

Advances the iterator by n elements. Read more

Creates an iterator starting at the same point, but stepping by the given amount at each iteration. Read more

Takes two iterators and creates a new iterator over both in sequence. Read more

‘Zips up’ two iterators into a single iterator of pairs. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_intersperse #79524)

recently added

Creates a new iterator which places a copy of separator between adjacent items of the original iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_intersperse #79524)

recently added

Creates a new iterator which places an item generated by separator between adjacent items of the original iterator. Read more

Takes a closure and creates an iterator which calls that closure on each element. Read more

Calls a closure on each element of an iterator. Read more

Creates an iterator which uses a closure to determine if an element should be yielded. Read more

Creates an iterator that both filters and maps. Read more

Creates an iterator which gives the current iteration count as well as the next value. Read more

Creates an iterator which can use the peek and peek_mut methods to look at the next element of the iterator without consuming it. See their documentation for more information. Read more

Creates an iterator that skips elements based on a predicate. Read more

Creates an iterator that yields elements based on a predicate. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_map_while #68537)

recently added

Creates an iterator that both yields elements based on a predicate and maps. Read more

Creates an iterator that skips the first n elements. Read more

Creates an iterator that yields the first n elements, or fewer if the underlying iterator ends sooner. Read more

An iterator adaptor similar to fold that holds internal state and produces a new iterator. Read more

Creates an iterator that works like map, but flattens nested structure. Read more

Creates an iterator that flattens nested structure. Read more

Creates an iterator which ends after the first None. Read more

Does something with each element of an iterator, passing the value on. Read more

Borrows an iterator, rather than consuming it. Read more

Transforms an iterator into a collection. Read more

Consumes an iterator, creating two collections from it. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_partition_in_place #62543)

new API

Reorders the elements of this iterator in-place according to the given predicate, such that all those that return true precede all those that return false. Returns the number of true elements found. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_is_partitioned #62544)

new API

Checks if the elements of this iterator are partitioned according to the given predicate, such that all those that return true precede all those that return false. Read more

An iterator method that applies a fallible function to each item in the iterator, stopping at the first error and returning that error. Read more

Reduces the elements to a single one, by repeatedly applying a reducing operation. Read more

Tests if every element of the iterator matches a predicate. Read more

Tests if any element of the iterator matches a predicate. Read more

Searches for an element of an iterator that satisfies a predicate. Read more

Applies function to the elements of iterator and returns the first non-none result. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_find #63178)

new API

Applies function to the elements of iterator and returns the first true result or the first error. Read more

Searches for an element in an iterator, returning its index. Read more

Searches for an element in an iterator from the right, returning its index. Read more

Returns the maximum element of an iterator. Read more

Returns the minimum element of an iterator. Read more

Returns the element that gives the maximum value from the specified function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the maximum value with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the minimum value from the specified function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the minimum value with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Reverses an iterator’s direction. Read more

Converts an iterator of pairs into a pair of containers. Read more

Creates an iterator which copies all of its elements. Read more

Creates an iterator which clones all of its elements. Read more

Repeats an iterator endlessly. Read more

Sums the elements of an iterator. Read more

Iterates over the entire iterator, multiplying all the elements Read more

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by #64295)

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by #64295)

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are equal to those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by #64295)

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are equal to those of another with respect to the specified equality function. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are unequal to those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically less than those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically less or equal to those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically greater than those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically greater than or equal to those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted #53485)

new API

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted #53485)

new API

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted using the given comparator function. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted #53485)

new API

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted using the given key extraction function. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.