1.0.0[][src]Trait std::iter::Extend

pub trait Extend<A> {
    fn extend<T>(&mut self, iter: T)
    where
        T: IntoIterator<Item = A>
; }

Extend a collection with the contents of an iterator.

Iterators produce a series of values, and collections can also be thought of as a series of values. The Extend trait bridges this gap, allowing you to extend a collection by including the contents of that iterator. When extending a collection with an already existing key, that entry is updated or, in the case of collections that permit multiple entries with equal keys, that entry is inserted.

Examples

Basic usage:

// You can extend a String with some chars:
let mut message = String::from("The first three letters are: ");

message.extend(&['a', 'b', 'c']);

assert_eq!("abc", &message[29..32]);Run

Implementing Extend:

// A sample collection, that's just a wrapper over Vec<T>
#[derive(Debug)]
struct MyCollection(Vec<i32>);

// Let's give it some methods so we can create one and add things
// to it.
impl MyCollection {
    fn new() -> MyCollection {
        MyCollection(Vec::new())
    }

    fn add(&mut self, elem: i32) {
        self.0.push(elem);
    }
}

// since MyCollection has a list of i32s, we implement Extend for i32
impl Extend<i32> for MyCollection {

    // This is a bit simpler with the concrete type signature: we can call
    // extend on anything which can be turned into an Iterator which gives
    // us i32s. Because we need i32s to put into MyCollection.
    fn extend<T: IntoIterator<Item=i32>>(&mut self, iter: T) {

        // The implementation is very straightforward: loop through the
        // iterator, and add() each element to ourselves.
        for elem in iter {
            self.add(elem);
        }
    }
}

let mut c = MyCollection::new();

c.add(5);
c.add(6);
c.add(7);

// let's extend our collection with three more numbers
c.extend(vec![1, 2, 3]);

// we've added these elements onto the end
assert_eq!("MyCollection([5, 6, 7, 1, 2, 3])", format!("{:?}", c));Run

Required methods

fn extend<T>(&mut self, iter: T) where
    T: IntoIterator<Item = A>, 

Extends a collection with the contents of an iterator.

As this is the only method for this trait, the trait-level docs contain more details.

Examples

Basic usage:

// You can extend a String with some chars:
let mut message = String::from("abc");

message.extend(['d', 'e', 'f'].iter());

assert_eq!("abcdef", &message);Run
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Implementations on Foreign Types

impl<'a, K, V, S> Extend<(&'a K, &'a V)> for HashMap<K, V, S> where
    K: Eq + Hash + Copy,
    S: BuildHasher,
    V: Copy

impl<K, V, S> Extend<(K, V)> for HashMap<K, V, S> where
    K: Eq + Hash,
    S: BuildHasher

impl<'a, T, S> Extend<&'a T> for HashSet<T, S> where
    S: BuildHasher,
    T: 'a + Eq + Hash + Copy

impl<T, S> Extend<T> for HashSet<T, S> where
    S: BuildHasher,
    T: Eq + Hash

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Implementors

impl Extend<char> for String[src]

impl Extend<()> for ()[src]

impl Extend<String> for String[src]

impl<'a> Extend<&'a char> for String[src]

impl<'a> Extend<&'a str> for String[src]

impl<'a> Extend<Cow<'a, str>> for String[src]

impl<'a, K, V> Extend<(&'a K, &'a V)> for BTreeMap<K, V> where
    K: Copy + Ord,
    V: Copy
[src]

impl<'a, K, V, S> Extend<(&'a K, &'a V)> for std::collections::HashMap<K, V, S> where
    K: Eq + Hash + Copy,
    V: Copy,
    S: BuildHasher
[src]

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for BinaryHeap<T> where
    T: 'a + Copy + Ord
[src]

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for BTreeSet<T> where
    T: 'a + Copy + Ord
[src]

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for LinkedList<T> where
    T: 'a + Copy
[src]

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for VecDeque<T> where
    T: 'a + Copy
[src]

impl<'a, T> Extend<&'a T> for Vec<T> where
    T: 'a + Copy
[src]

Extend implementation that copies elements out of references before pushing them onto the Vec.

This implementation is specialized for slice iterators, where it uses copy_from_slice to append the entire slice at once.

impl<'a, T, S> Extend<&'a T> for std::collections::HashSet<T, S> where
    T: 'a + Eq + Hash + Copy,
    S: BuildHasher
[src]

impl<A> Extend<A> for VecDeque<A>[src]

impl<K, V> Extend<(K, V)> for BTreeMap<K, V> where
    K: Ord
[src]

impl<K, V, S> Extend<(K, V)> for std::collections::HashMap<K, V, S> where
    K: Eq + Hash,
    S: BuildHasher
[src]

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator and replaces values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.

impl<P: AsRef<Path>> Extend<P> for PathBuf[src]

impl<T> Extend<T> for BinaryHeap<T> where
    T: Ord
[src]

impl<T> Extend<T> for BTreeSet<T> where
    T: Ord
[src]

impl<T> Extend<T> for LinkedList<T>[src]

impl<T> Extend<T> for Vec<T>[src]

impl<T, S> Extend<T> for std::collections::HashSet<T, S> where
    T: Eq + Hash,
    S: BuildHasher
[src]

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