Struct rustc_infer::infer::type_variable::TypeVariableStorage[][src]

pub struct TypeVariableStorage<'tcx> {
    values: SnapshotVecStorage<Delegate>,
    eq_relations: UnificationTableStorage<TyVidEqKey<'tcx>>,
    sub_relations: UnificationTableStorage<TyVid>,
}

Fields

values: SnapshotVecStorage<Delegate>eq_relations: UnificationTableStorage<TyVidEqKey<'tcx>>

Two variables are unified in eq_relations when we have a constraint ?X == ?Y. This table also stores, for each key, the known value.

sub_relations: UnificationTableStorage<TyVid>

Two variables are unified in sub_relations when we have a constraint ?X <: ?Y or a constraint ?Y <: ?X. This second table exists only to help with the occurs check. In particular, we want to report constraints like these as an occurs check violation:

?1 <: ?3
Box<?3> <: ?1

Without this second table, what would happen in a case like this is that we would instantiate ?1 with a generalized type like Box<?6>. We would then relate Box<?3> <: Box<?6> and infer that ?3 <: ?6. Next, since ?1 was instantiated, we would process ?1 <: ?3, generalize ?1 = Box<?6> to Box<?9>, and instantiate ?3 with Box<?9>. Finally, we would relate ?6 <: ?9. But now that we instantiated ?3, we can process ?3 <: ?6, which gives us Box<?9> <: ?6… and the cycle continues. (This is occurs-check-2.rs.)

What prevents this cycle is that when we generalize Box<?3> to Box<?6>, we also sub-unify ?3 and ?6 (in the generalizer). When we then process Box<?6> <: ?3, the occurs check then fails because ?6 and ?3 are sub-unified, and hence generalization fails.

This is reasonable because, in Rust, subtypes have the same “skeleton” and hence there is no possible type such that (e.g.) Box<?3> <: ?3 for any ?3.

In practice, we sometimes sub-unify variables in other spots, such as when processing subtype predicates. This is not necessary but is done to aid diagnostics, as it allows us to be more effective when we guide the user towards where they should insert type hints.

Implementations

Trait Implementations

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

Layout

Note: Most layout information is completely unstable and may even differ between compilations. The only exception is types with certain repr(...) attributes. Please see the Rust Reference’s “Type Layout” chapter for details on type layout guarantees.

Size: 72 bytes