1.0.0[][src]Trait std::ops::Deref

#[lang = "deref"]
pub trait Deref { type Target: ?Sized;
#[must_use]
fn deref(&self) -> &Self::Target; }

Used for immutable dereferencing operations, like *v.

In addition to being used for explicit dereferencing operations with the (unary) * operator in immutable contexts, Deref is also used implicitly by the compiler in many circumstances. This mechanism is called 'Deref coercion'. In mutable contexts, DerefMut is used.

Implementing Deref for smart pointers makes accessing the data behind them convenient, which is why they implement Deref. On the other hand, the rules regarding Deref and DerefMut were designed specifically to accommodate smart pointers. Because of this, Deref should only be implemented for smart pointers to avoid confusion.

For similar reasons, this trait should never fail. Failure during dereferencing can be extremely confusing when Deref is invoked implicitly.

More on Deref coercion

If T implements Deref<Target = U>, and x is a value of type T, then:

For more details, visit the chapter in The Rust Programming Language as well as the reference sections on the dereference operator, method resolution and type coercions.

Examples

A struct with a single field which is accessible by dereferencing the struct.

use std::ops::Deref;

struct DerefExample<T> {
    value: T
}

impl<T> Deref for DerefExample<T> {
    type Target = T;

    fn deref(&self) -> &T {
        &self.value
    }
}

let x = DerefExample { value: 'a' };
assert_eq!('a', *x);Run

Associated Types

The resulting type after dereferencing.

Required Methods

Dereferences the value.

Implementors

impl Deref for CString
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impl Deref for OsString
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impl Deref for PathBuf
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impl Deref for String
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impl<'a, B> Deref for Cow<'a, B> where
    B: ToOwned + ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'a, T> Deref for &'a T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'a, T> Deref for &'a mut T where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'a, T> Deref for PeekMut<'a, T> where
    T: Ord
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'a, T> Deref for PinMut<'a, T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'b, T> Deref for Ref<'b, T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'b, T> Deref for RefMut<'b, T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'mutex, T: ?Sized> Deref for MutexGuard<'mutex, T>
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'rwlock, T: ?Sized> Deref for RwLockReadGuard<'rwlock, T>
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<'rwlock, T: ?Sized> Deref for RwLockWriteGuard<'rwlock, T>
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for Box<T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for ManuallyDrop<T> where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> Deref for AssertUnwindSafe<T>
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for PinBox<T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for Rc<T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for Arc<T> where
    T: ?Sized
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Important traits for &'a mut I

impl<T> Deref for Vec<T>
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Important traits for &'a [u8]