Struct std::process::Stdio1.0.0[][src]

pub struct Stdio(_);

Describes what to do with a standard I/O stream for a child process when passed to the stdin, stdout, and stderr methods of Command.

Implementations

impl Stdio[src]

pub fn piped() -> Stdio[src]

A new pipe should be arranged to connect the parent and child processes.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "Hello, world!\n");
// Nothing echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::io::Write;
use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let mut child = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::piped())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("Failed to spawn child process");

{
    let stdin = child.stdin.as_mut().expect("Failed to open stdin");
    stdin.write_all("Hello, world!".as_bytes()).expect("Failed to write to stdin");
}

let output = child.wait_with_output().expect("Failed to read stdout");
assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "!dlrow ,olleH");
Run

pub fn inherit() -> Stdio[src]

The child inherits from the corresponding parent descriptor.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::inherit())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// "Hello, world!" echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};
use std::io::{self, Write};

let output = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::inherit())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

print!("You piped in the reverse of: ");
io::stdout().write_all(&output.stdout).unwrap();
Run

pub fn null() -> Stdio[src]

This stream will be ignored. This is the equivalent of attaching the stream to /dev/null.

Examples

With stdout:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::null())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// Nothing echoed to console
Run

With stdin:

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let output = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::null())
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .output()
    .expect("Failed to execute command");

assert_eq!(String::from_utf8_lossy(&output.stdout), "");
// Ignores any piped-in input
Run

Trait Implementations

impl Debug for Stdio1.16.0[src]

impl From<ChildStderr> for Stdio1.20.0[src]

fn from(child: ChildStderr) -> Stdio[src]

Converts a ChildStderr into a Stdio

Examples

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .arg("non_existing_file.txt")
    .stderr(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

let cat = Command::new("cat")
    .arg("-")
    .stdin(reverse.stderr.unwrap()) // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed echo command");

assert_eq!(
    String::from_utf8_lossy(&cat.stdout),
    "rev: cannot open non_existing_file.txt: No such file or directory\n"
);
Run

impl From<ChildStdin> for Stdio1.20.0[src]

fn from(child: ChildStdin) -> Stdio[src]

Converts a ChildStdin into a Stdio

Examples

ChildStdin will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

let _echo = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(reverse.stdin.unwrap()) // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed echo command");

// "!dlrow ,olleH" echoed to console
Run

impl From<ChildStdout> for Stdio1.20.0[src]

fn from(child: ChildStdout) -> Stdio[src]

Converts a ChildStdout into a Stdio

Examples

ChildStdout will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::process::{Command, Stdio};

let hello = Command::new("echo")
    .arg("Hello, world!")
    .stdout(Stdio::piped())
    .spawn()
    .expect("failed echo command");

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(hello.stdout.unwrap())  // Converted into a Stdio here
    .output()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

assert_eq!(reverse.stdout, b"!dlrow ,olleH\n");
Run

impl From<File> for Stdio1.20.0[src]

fn from(file: File) -> Stdio[src]

Converts a File into a Stdio

Examples

File will be converted to Stdio using Stdio::from under the hood.

use std::fs::File;
use std::process::Command;

// With the `foo.txt` file containing `Hello, world!"
let file = File::open("foo.txt").unwrap();

let reverse = Command::new("rev")
    .stdin(file)  // Implicit File conversion into a Stdio
    .output()
    .expect("failed reverse command");

assert_eq!(reverse.stdout, b"!dlrow ,olleH");
Run

impl FromRawFd for Stdio1.2.0[src]

This is supported on Unix only.

impl FromRawHandle for Stdio1.2.0[src]

This is supported on Windows only.

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for Stdio

impl Send for Stdio

impl Sync for Stdio

impl Unpin for Stdio

impl UnwindSafe for Stdio

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.