Partial moves

Pattern bindings can have by-move and by-reference bindings at the same time which is used in destructuring. Using these pattern will result in partial move for the variable, which means that part of the variable is moved while other parts stayed. In this case, the parent variable cannot be used afterwards as a whole. However, parts of it that are referenced and not moved can be used.

fn main() {
    struct Person {
        name: String,
        age: u8,

    let person = Person {
        name: String::from("Alice"),
        age: 20,

    // `name` is moved out of person, but `age` is referenced
    let Person { name, ref age } = person;

    println!("The person's age is {}", age);

    println!("The person's name is {}", name);

    // Error! borrow of partially moved value: `person` partial move occurs
    //println!("The person struct is {:?}", person);

    // `person` cannot be used but `person.age` can be used as it is not moved
    println!("The person's age from person struct is {}", person.age);

See also: