Primitive Type fn

1.0.0 ·
Expand description

Function pointers, like fn(usize) -> bool.

See also the traits Fn, FnMut, and FnOnce.

Function pointers are pointers that point to code, not data. They can be called just like functions. Like references, function pointers are, among other things, assumed to not be null, so if you want to pass a function pointer over FFI and be able to accommodate null pointers, make your type Option<fn()> with your required signature.

Safety

Plain function pointers are obtained by casting either plain functions, or closures that don’t capture an environment:

fn add_one(x: usize) -> usize {
    x + 1
}

let ptr: fn(usize) -> usize = add_one;
assert_eq!(ptr(5), 6);

let clos: fn(usize) -> usize = |x| x + 5;
assert_eq!(clos(5), 10);
Run

In addition to varying based on their signature, function pointers come in two flavors: safe and unsafe. Plain fn() function pointers can only point to safe functions, while unsafe fn() function pointers can point to safe or unsafe functions.

fn add_one(x: usize) -> usize {
    x + 1
}

unsafe fn add_one_unsafely(x: usize) -> usize {
    x + 1
}

let safe_ptr: fn(usize) -> usize = add_one;

//ERROR: mismatched types: expected normal fn, found unsafe fn
//let bad_ptr: fn(usize) -> usize = add_one_unsafely;

let unsafe_ptr: unsafe fn(usize) -> usize = add_one_unsafely;
let really_safe_ptr: unsafe fn(usize) -> usize = add_one;
Run

ABI

On top of that, function pointers can vary based on what ABI they use. This is achieved by adding the extern keyword before the type, followed by the ABI in question. The default ABI is “Rust”, i.e., fn() is the exact same type as extern "Rust" fn(). A pointer to a function with C ABI would have type extern "C" fn().

extern "ABI" { ... } blocks declare functions with ABI “ABI”. The default here is “C”, i.e., functions declared in an extern {...} block have “C” ABI.

For more information and a list of supported ABIs, see the nomicon’s section on foreign calling conventions.

Variadic functions

Extern function declarations with the “C” or “cdecl” ABIs can also be variadic, allowing them to be called with a variable number of arguments. Normal Rust functions, even those with an extern "ABI", cannot be variadic. For more information, see the nomicon’s section on variadic functions.

Creating function pointers

When bar is the name of a function, then the expression bar is not a function pointer. Rather, it denotes a value of an unnameable type that uniquely identifies the function bar. The value is zero-sized because the type already identifies the function. This has the advantage that “calling” the value (it implements the Fn* traits) does not require dynamic dispatch.

This zero-sized type coerces to a regular function pointer. For example:

use std::mem;

fn bar(x: i32) {}

let not_bar_ptr = bar; // `not_bar_ptr` is zero-sized, uniquely identifying `bar`
assert_eq!(mem::size_of_val(&not_bar_ptr), 0);

let bar_ptr: fn(i32) = not_bar_ptr; // force coercion to function pointer
assert_eq!(mem::size_of_val(&bar_ptr), mem::size_of::<usize>());

let footgun = &bar; // this is a shared reference to the zero-sized type identifying `bar`
Run

The last line shows that &bar is not a function pointer either. Rather, it is a reference to the function-specific ZST. &bar is basically never what you want when bar is a function.

Casting to and from integers

You cast function pointers directly to integers:

let fnptr: fn(i32) -> i32 = |x| x+2;
let fnptr_addr = fnptr as usize;
Run

However, a direct cast back is not possible. You need to use transmute:

let fnptr = fnptr_addr as *const ();
let fnptr: fn(i32) -> i32 = unsafe { std::mem::transmute(fnptr) };
assert_eq!(fnptr(40), 42);
Run

Crucially, we as-cast to a raw pointer before transmuteing to a function pointer. This avoids an integer-to-pointer transmute, which can be problematic. Transmuting between raw pointers and function pointers (i.e., two pointer types) is fine.

Note that all of this is not portable to platforms where function pointers and data pointers have different sizes.

Trait implementations

In this documentation the shorthand fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) is used to represent non-variadic function pointers of varying length. Note that this is a convenience notation to avoid repetitive documentation, not valid Rust syntax.

Due to a temporary restriction in Rust’s type system, these traits are only implemented on functions that take 12 arguments or less, with the "Rust" and "C" ABIs. In the future, this may change:

The following traits are implemented for function pointers with any number of arguments and any ABI. These traits have implementations that are automatically generated by the compiler, so are not limited by missing language features:

In addition, all safe function pointers implement Fn, FnMut, and FnOnce, because these traits are specially known to the compiler.

Trait Implementations§

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impl<Ret, T> Clone for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented on function pointers with any number of arguments.

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fn clone(&self) -> Self

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
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fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<Ret, T> Debug for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<Ret, T> Debug for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Debug for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl<Ret, T> Hash for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl<Ret, T> Hash for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Hash for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn hash<HH: Hasher>(&self, state: &mut HH)

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
1.3.0 · source§

fn hash_slice<H: Hasher>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H)where
    Self: Sized,

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Ord for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn max(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
1.21.0 · source§

fn min(self, other: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized,

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
1.50.0 · source§

fn clamp(self, min: Self, max: Self) -> Selfwhere
    Self: Sized + PartialOrd,

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<extern "C" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<extern "C" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<fn(_: T) -> Ret> for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<unsafe extern "C" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<unsafe extern "C" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialEq<unsafe fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<extern "C" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
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fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
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fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
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fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<extern "C" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
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fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<fn(_: T) -> Ret> for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<unsafe extern "C" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<unsafe extern "C" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T, ...) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> PartialOrd<unsafe fn(_: T) -> Ret> for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &Self) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Pointer for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter.
source§

impl<Ret, T> Copy for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented on function pointers with any number of arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

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impl<Ret, T> Eq for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for unsafe extern "C" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ, ...) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for unsafe extern "C-unwind" fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

1.4.0 · source§

impl<Ret, T> Eq for unsafe fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

This trait is implemented for function pointers with up to twelve arguments.

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<Ret, T> RefUnwindSafe for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

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impl<Ret, T> Send for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

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impl<Ret, T> Sync for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

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impl<Ret, T> Unpin for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

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impl<Ret, T> UnwindSafe for fn (T₁, T₂, …, Tₙ) -> Ret

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for Twhere
    T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for Twhere
    T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for Twhere
    T: ?Sized,

const: unstable · source§

fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for T

const: unstable · source§

fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for Twhere
    U: From<T>,

const: unstable · source§

fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<'a, F> Pattern<'a> for Fwhere
    F: FnMut(char) -> bool,

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type Searcher = CharPredicateSearcher<'a, F>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Associated searcher for this pattern
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fn into_searcher(self, haystack: &'a str) -> CharPredicateSearcher<'a, F>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Constructs the associated searcher from self and the haystack to search in.
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fn is_contained_in(self, haystack: &'a str) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Checks whether the pattern matches anywhere in the haystack
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fn is_prefix_of(self, haystack: &'a str) -> bool

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Checks whether the pattern matches at the front of the haystack
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fn strip_prefix_of(self, haystack: &'a str) -> Option<&'a str>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Removes the pattern from the front of haystack, if it matches.
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fn is_suffix_of(self, haystack: &'a str) -> boolwhere
    CharPredicateSearcher<'a, F>: ReverseSearcher<'a>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Checks whether the pattern matches at the back of the haystack
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fn strip_suffix_of(self, haystack: &'a str) -> Option<&'a str>where
    CharPredicateSearcher<'a, F>: ReverseSearcher<'a>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (pattern #27721)
Removes the pattern from the back of haystack, if it matches.
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for Twhere
    U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for Twhere
    U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
const: unstable · source§

fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.