Function std::fs::read_dir

1.0.0 · source ·
pub fn read_dir<P: AsRef<Path>>(path: P) -> Result<ReadDir>
Expand description

Returns an iterator over the entries within a directory.

The iterator will yield instances of io::Result<DirEntry>. New errors may be encountered after an iterator is initially constructed. Entries for the current and parent directories (typically . and ..) are skipped.

§Platform-specific behavior

This function currently corresponds to the opendir function on Unix and the FindFirstFile function on Windows. Advancing the iterator currently corresponds to readdir on Unix and FindNextFile on Windows. Note that, this may change in the future.

The order in which this iterator returns entries is platform and filesystem dependent.


This function will return an error in the following situations, but is not limited to just these cases:

  • The provided path doesn’t exist.
  • The process lacks permissions to view the contents.
  • The path points at a non-directory file.


use std::io;
use std::fs::{self, DirEntry};
use std::path::Path;

// one possible implementation of walking a directory only visiting files
fn visit_dirs(dir: &Path, cb: &dyn Fn(&DirEntry)) -> io::Result<()> {
    if dir.is_dir() {
        for entry in fs::read_dir(dir)? {
            let entry = entry?;
            let path = entry.path();
            if path.is_dir() {
                visit_dirs(&path, cb)?;
            } else {
use std::{fs, io};

fn main() -> io::Result<()> {
    let mut entries = fs::read_dir(".")?
        .map(|res||e| e.path()))
        .collect::<Result<Vec<_>, io::Error>>()?;

    // The order in which `read_dir` returns entries is not guaranteed. If reproducible
    // ordering is required the entries should be explicitly sorted.


    // The entries have now been sorted by their path.