Cargo can run your tests with the cargo test command. Cargo looks for tests to run in two places: in each of your src files and any tests in tests/. Tests in your src files should be unit tests and documentation tests. Tests in tests/ should be integration-style tests. As such, you’ll need to import your crates into the files in tests.

Here’s an example of running cargo test in our package, which currently has no tests:

$ cargo test
   Compiling regex v1.5.0 (https://github.com/rust-lang/regex.git#9f9f693)
   Compiling hello_world v0.1.0 (file:///path/to/package/hello_world)
     Running target/test/hello_world-9c2b65bbb79eabce

running 0 tests

test result: ok. 0 passed; 0 failed; 0 ignored; 0 measured; 0 filtered out

If our package had tests, we would see more output with the correct number of tests.

You can also run a specific test by passing a filter:

$ cargo test foo

This will run any test with foo in its name.

cargo test runs additional checks as well. It will compile any examples you’ve included to ensure they still compile. It also runs documentation tests to ensure your code samples from documentation comments compile. Please see the testing guide in the Rust documentation for a general view of writing and organizing tests. See Cargo Targets: Tests to learn more about different styles of tests in Cargo.