Textual types

The types char and str hold textual data.

A value of type char is a Unicode scalar value (i.e. a code point that is not a surrogate), represented as a 32-bit unsigned word in the 0x0000 to 0xD7FF or 0xE000 to 0x10FFFF range. It is immediate Undefined Behavior to create a char that falls outside this range. A [char] is effectively a UCS-4 / UTF-32 string of length 1.

A value of type str is represented the same way as [u8], it is a slice of 8-bit unsigned bytes. However, the Rust standard library makes extra assumptions about str: methods working on str assume and ensure that the data in there is valid UTF-8. Calling a str method with a non-UTF-8 buffer can cause Undefined Behavior now or in the future.

Since str is a dynamically sized type, it can only be instantiated through a pointer type, such as &str.