1.4.0[][src]Struct alloc::rc::Weak

pub struct Weak<T: ?Sized> { /* fields omitted */ }

Weak is a version of Rc that holds a non-owning reference to the managed value. The value is accessed by calling upgrade on the Weak pointer, which returns an Option<Rc<T>>.

Since a Weak reference does not count towards ownership, it will not prevent the inner value from being dropped, and Weak itself makes no guarantees about the value still being present and may return None when upgraded.

A Weak pointer is useful for keeping a temporary reference to the value within Rc without extending its lifetime. It is also used to prevent circular references between Rc pointers, since mutual owning references would never allow either Rc to be dropped. For example, a tree could have strong Rc pointers from parent nodes to children, and Weak pointers from children back to their parents.

The typical way to obtain a Weak pointer is to call Rc::downgrade.

Methods

impl<T> Weak<T>
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Constructs a new Weak<T>, without allocating any memory. Calling upgrade on the return value always gives None.

Examples

use std::rc::Weak;

let empty: Weak<i64> = Weak::new();
assert!(empty.upgrade().is_none());

impl<T: ?Sized> Weak<T>
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Attempts to upgrade the Weak pointer to an Rc, extending the lifetime of the value if successful.

Returns None if the value has since been dropped.

Examples

use std::rc::Rc;

let five = Rc::new(5);

let weak_five = Rc::downgrade(&five);

let strong_five: Option<Rc<_>> = weak_five.upgrade();
assert!(strong_five.is_some());

// Destroy all strong pointers.
drop(strong_five);
drop(five);

assert!(weak_five.upgrade().is_none());

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (weak_ptr_eq #55981)

Returns true if the two Weaks point to the same value (not just values that compare as equal).

Notes

Since this compares pointers it means that Weak::new() will equal each other, even though they don't point to any value.

Examples

#![feature(weak_ptr_eq)]
use std::rc::{Rc, Weak};

let first_rc = Rc::new(5);
let first = Rc::downgrade(&first_rc);
let second = Rc::downgrade(&first_rc);

assert!(Weak::ptr_eq(&first, &second));

let third_rc = Rc::new(5);
let third = Rc::downgrade(&third_rc);

assert!(!Weak::ptr_eq(&first, &third));

Comparing Weak::new.

#![feature(weak_ptr_eq)]
use std::rc::{Rc, Weak};

let first = Weak::new();
let second = Weak::new();
assert!(Weak::ptr_eq(&first, &second));

let third_rc = Rc::new(());
let third = Rc::downgrade(&third_rc);
assert!(!Weak::ptr_eq(&first, &third));

Trait Implementations

impl<T: ?Sized + Debug> Debug for Weak<T>
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impl<T: ?Sized> Drop for Weak<T>
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Drops the Weak pointer.

Examples

use std::rc::{Rc, Weak};

struct Foo;

impl Drop for Foo {
    fn drop(&mut self) {
        println!("dropped!");
    }
}

let foo = Rc::new(Foo);
let weak_foo = Rc::downgrade(&foo);
let other_weak_foo = Weak::clone(&weak_foo);

drop(weak_foo);   // Doesn't print anything
drop(foo);        // Prints "dropped!"

assert!(other_weak_foo.upgrade().is_none());

impl<T: ?Sized + Unsize<U>, U: ?Sized> CoerceUnsized<Weak<U>> for Weak<T>
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impl<T: ?Sized + Unsize<U>, U: ?Sized> DispatchFromDyn<Weak<U>> for Weak<T>
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impl<T: ?Sized> !Sync for Weak<T>
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impl<T: ?Sized> !Send for Weak<T>
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impl<T: ?Sized> Clone for Weak<T>
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Makes a clone of the Weak pointer that points to the same value.

Examples

use std::rc::{Rc, Weak};

let weak_five = Rc::downgrade(&Rc::new(5));

let _ = Weak::clone(&weak_five);

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<T> Default for Weak<T>
1.10.0
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Constructs a new Weak<T>, allocating memory for T without initializing it. Calling upgrade on the return value always gives None.

Examples

use std::rc::Weak;

let empty: Weak<i64> = Default::default();
assert!(empty.upgrade().is_none());

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
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impl<T, U> TryFrom for T where
    T: From<U>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> From for T
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impl<T, U> TryInto for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_from #33417)

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> Into for T where
    U: From<T>, 
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impl<T> Borrow for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> BorrowMut for T where
    T: ?Sized
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impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
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