This document explains the basics for hacking on Clippy. Besides others, this includes how to build and test Clippy. For a more in depth description on the codebase take a look at Adding Lints or Common Tools.
- Basics for hacking on Clippy
First, make sure you have checked out the latest version of Clippy. If this is your first time working on Clippy, create a fork of the repository and clone it afterwards with the following command:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:<your-username>/rust-clippy
If you've already cloned Clippy in the past, update it to the latest version:
# If the upstream remote has not been added yet git remote add upstream https://github.com/rust-lang/rust-clippy # upstream has to be the remote of the rust-lang/rust-clippy repo git fetch upstream # make sure that you are on the master branch git checkout master # rebase your master branch on the upstream master git rebase upstream/master # push to the master branch of your fork git push
You can build and test Clippy like every other Rust project:
cargo build # builds Clippy cargo test # tests Clippy
Since Clippy's test suite is pretty big, there are some commands that only run a subset of Clippy's tests:
# only run UI tests cargo uitest # only run UI tests starting with `test_` TESTNAME="test_" cargo uitest # only run dogfood tests cargo dev dogfood
If the output of a UI test differs from the expected output, you can update the reference file with:
cargo dev bless
For example, this is necessary if you fix a typo in an error message of a lint, or if you modify a test file to add a test case.
Note: This command may update more files than you intended. In that case only commit the files you wanted to update.
Clippy has some dev tools to make working on Clippy more convenient. These tools
can be accessed through the
cargo dev command. Available tools are listed
below. To get more information about these commands, just call them with
# formats the whole Clippy codebase and all tests cargo dev fmt # register or update lint names/groups/... cargo dev update_lints # create a new lint and register it cargo dev new_lint # deprecate a lint and attempt to remove code relating to it cargo dev deprecate # automatically formatting all code before each commit cargo dev setup git-hook # (experimental) Setup Clippy to work with IntelliJ-Rust cargo dev setup intellij # runs the `dogfood` tests cargo dev dogfood
More about intellij command usage and reasons.
cargo lintcheck will build and run clippy on a fixed set of crates and
generate a log of the results. You can
git diff the updated log against its
previous version and see what impact your lint made on a small set of crates.
If you add a new lint, please audit the resulting warnings and make sure there
are no false positives and that the suggestions are valid.
Refer to the tools README for more details.
We follow a rustc no merge-commit policy. See https://rustc-dev-guide.rust-lang.org/contributing.html#opening-a-pr.
|ICE||Internal Compiler Error|
|AST||Abstract Syntax Tree|
|MIR||Mid-Level Intermediate Representation|
|HIR||High-Level Intermediate Representation|
This is a concise list of abbreviations that can come up during Clippy development. An extensive general list can be found in the rustc-dev-guide glossary. Always feel free to ask if an abbreviation or meaning is unclear to you.
If you are hacking on Clippy and want to install it from source, do the following:
First, take note of the toolchain
/rust-toolchain. We will use this override to install Clippy into the right
Tip: You can view the active toolchain for the current directory with
rustup show active-toolchain.
From the Clippy project root, run the following command to build the Clippy binaries and copy them into the toolchain directory. This will override the currently installed Clippy component.
cargo build --release --bin cargo-clippy --bin clippy-driver -Zunstable-options --out-dir "$(rustc --print=sysroot)/bin"
Now you may run
cargo clippy in any project, using the toolchain where you
just installed Clippy.
cd my-project cargo +nightly-2021-07-01 clippy
clippy-driver +nightly-2021-07-01 <filename>
If you need to restore the default Clippy installation, run the following (from the Clippy project root).
rustup component remove clippy rustup component add clippy
DO NOT install using
cargo install --path . --forcesince this will overwrite rustup proxies. That is,
~/.cargo/bin/clippy-drivershould be hard or soft links to
~/.cargo/bin/rustup. You can repair these by running