sync:: atomic:: spin_loop_hint
pub fn spin_loop_hint()
Signals the processor that it is inside a busy-wait spin-loop ("spin lock").
Upon receiving spin-loop signal the processor can optimize its behavior by, for example, saving power or switching hyper-threads.
This function is different from
std::thread::yield_now which directly yields to the
system's scheduler, whereas
spin_loop_hint does not interact with the operating system.
Spin locks can be very efficient for short lock durations because they do not involve context
switches or interaction with the operating system. For long lock durations they become wasteful
however because they use CPU cycles for the entire lock duration, and using a
std::sync::Mutex is likely the better approach. If actively spinning for a long time is
required, e.g. because code polls a non-blocking API, calling
std::thread::sleep may be the best option.
Note: Spin locks are based on the underlying assumption that another thread will release the lock 'soon'. In order for this to work, that other thread must run on a different CPU or core (at least potentially). Spin locks do not work efficiently on single CPU / core platforms.
Note: On platforms that do not support receiving spin-loop hints this function does not do anything at all.