1.9.0[][src]Function core::ptr::read_volatile

pub unsafe fn read_volatile<T>(src: *const T) -> T

Performs a volatile read of the value from src without moving it. This leaves the memory in src unchanged.

Volatile operations are intended to act on I/O memory, and are guaranteed to not be elided or reordered by the compiler across other volatile operations.

Memory accessed with read_volatile or write_volatile should not be accessed with non-volatile operations.

Notes

Rust does not currently have a rigorously and formally defined memory model, so the precise semantics of what "volatile" means here is subject to change over time. That being said, the semantics will almost always end up pretty similar to C11's definition of volatile.

The compiler shouldn't change the relative order or number of volatile memory operations. However, volatile memory operations on zero-sized types (e.g., if a zero-sized type is passed to read_volatile) are no-ops and may be ignored.

Safety

Behavior is undefined if any of the following conditions are violated:

Like read, read_unaligned creates a bitwise copy of T, regardless of whether T is Copy. If T is not Copy, using both the returned value and the value at *src can [violate memory safety][read-ownership]. However, storing non-Copy types in volatile memory is almost certainly incorrect.

Note that even if T has size 0, the pointer must be non-NULL and properly aligned.

Just like in C, whether an operation is volatile has no bearing whatsoever on questions involving concurrent access from multiple threads. Volatile accesses behave exactly like non-atomic accesses in that regard. In particular, a race between a read_volatile and any write operation to the same location is undefined behavior.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x = 12;
let y = &x as *const i32;

unsafe {
    assert_eq!(std::ptr::read_volatile(y), 12);
}Run