Scraped examples

Rustdoc has an unstable feature where it can automatically scrape examples of items being documented from the examples/ directory of a Cargo workspace. These examples will be included within the generated documentation for that item. For example, if your library contains a public function:

// a_crate/src/
pub fn a_func() {}

And you have an example calling this function:

// a_crate/examples/
fn main() {

Then this code snippet will be included in the documentation for a_func. This documentation is inserted by Rustdoc and cannot be manually edited by the crate author.

How to use this feature

This feature is unstable, so you can enable it by calling Rustdoc with the unstable rustdoc-scrape-examples flag:

cargo doc -Zunstable-options -Zrustdoc-scrape-examples=examples

To enable this feature on, add this to your Cargo.toml:

cargo-args = ["-Zunstable-options", "-Zrustdoc-scrape-examples=examples"]

How it works

When you run cargo doc, Rustdoc will analyze all the crates that match Cargo's --examples filter for instances of items being documented. Then Rustdoc will include the source code of these instances in the generated documentation.

Rustdoc has a few techniques to ensure these examples don't overwhelm documentation readers, and that it doesn't blow up the page size:

  1. For a given item, a maximum of 5 examples are included in the page. The remaining examples are just links to source code.
  2. Only one example is shown by default, and the remaining examples are hidden behind a toggle.
  3. For a given file that contains examples, only the item containing the examples will be included in the generated documentation.

For a given item, Rustdoc sorts its examples based on the size of the example — smaller ones are shown first.


My example is not showing up in the documentation

This feature uses Cargo's convention for finding examples. You should ensure that cargo check --examples includes your example file.