#[ffi_const] attribute applies clang's
const attribute to foreign
#[ffi_const] functions shall have no effects except for its return
value, which can only depend on the values of the function parameters, and is
not affected by changes to the observable state of the program.
#[ffi_const] attribute to a function that violates these
requirements is undefined behaviour.
This attribute enables Rust to perform common optimizations, like sub-expression
elimination, and it can avoid emitting some calls in repeated invocations of the
function with the same argument values regardless of other operations being
performed in between these functions calls (as opposed to
#[ffi_const] function can only read global memory that would not affect
its return value for the whole execution of the program (e.g. immutable global
#[ffi_const] functions are referentially-transparent and therefore
more strict than
A common pitfall involves applying the
#[ffi_const] attribute to a
function that reads memory through pointer arguments which do not necessarily
point to immutable global memory.
#[ffi_const] function that returns unit has no effect on the abstract
machine's state, and a
#[ffi_const] function cannot be
#[ffi_const] function must not diverge, neither via a side effect (e.g. a
abort) nor by infinite loops.
When translating C headers to Rust FFI, it is worth verifying for which targets
const attribute is enabled in those headers, and using the appropriate
cfg macros in the Rust side to match those definitions. While the semantics of
const are implemented identically by many C and C++ compilers, e.g., clang,
GCC, ARM C/C++ compiler, IBM ILE C/C++, etc. they are not necessarily
implemented in this way on all of them. It is therefore also worth verifying
that the semantics of the C toolchain used to compile the binary being linked
against are compatible with those of the