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use crate::ffi::OsStr;
use crate::os::unix::ffi::OsStrExt;
use crate::path::Path;
use crate::sys::cvt;
use crate::{ascii, fmt, io, mem};

// FIXME(#43348): Make libc adapt #[doc(cfg(...))] so we don't need these fake definitions here?
#[cfg(not(unix))]
#[allow(non_camel_case_types)]
mod libc {
    pub use libc::c_int;
    pub type socklen_t = u32;
    pub struct sockaddr;
    #[derive(Clone)]
    pub struct sockaddr_un;
}

fn sun_path_offset(addr: &libc::sockaddr_un) -> usize {
    // Work with an actual instance of the type since using a null pointer is UB
    let base = addr as *const _ as usize;
    let path = &addr.sun_path as *const _ as usize;
    path - base
}

pub(super) unsafe fn sockaddr_un(path: &Path) -> io::Result<(libc::sockaddr_un, libc::socklen_t)> {
    let mut addr: libc::sockaddr_un = mem::zeroed();
    addr.sun_family = libc::AF_UNIX as libc::sa_family_t;

    let bytes = path.as_os_str().as_bytes();

    if bytes.contains(&0) {
        return Err(io::Error::new(
            io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput,
            "paths may not contain interior null bytes",
        ));
    }

    if bytes.len() >= addr.sun_path.len() {
        return Err(io::Error::new(
            io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput,
            "path must be shorter than SUN_LEN",
        ));
    }
    for (dst, src) in addr.sun_path.iter_mut().zip(bytes.iter()) {
        *dst = *src as libc::c_char;
    }
    // null byte for pathname addresses is already there because we zeroed the
    // struct

    let mut len = sun_path_offset(&addr) + bytes.len();
    match bytes.get(0) {
        Some(&0) | None => {}
        Some(_) => len += 1,
    }
    Ok((addr, len as libc::socklen_t))
}

enum AddressKind<'a> {
    Unnamed,
    Pathname(&'a Path),
    Abstract(&'a [u8]),
}

struct AsciiEscaped<'a>(&'a [u8]);

impl<'a> fmt::Display for AsciiEscaped<'a> {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(fmt, "\"")?;
        for byte in self.0.iter().cloned().flat_map(ascii::escape_default) {
            write!(fmt, "{}", byte as char)?;
        }
        write!(fmt, "\"")
    }
}

/// An address associated with a Unix socket.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::os::unix::net::UnixListener;
///
/// let socket = match UnixListener::bind("/tmp/sock") {
///     Ok(sock) => sock,
///     Err(e) => {
///         println!("Couldn't bind: {:?}", e);
///         return
///     }
/// };
/// let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
/// ```
#[derive(Clone)]
#[stable(feature = "unix_socket", since = "1.10.0")]
pub struct SocketAddr {
    addr: libc::sockaddr_un,
    len: libc::socklen_t,
}

impl SocketAddr {
    pub(super) fn new<F>(f: F) -> io::Result<SocketAddr>
    where
        F: FnOnce(*mut libc::sockaddr, *mut libc::socklen_t) -> libc::c_int,
    {
        unsafe {
            let mut addr: libc::sockaddr_un = mem::zeroed();
            let mut len = mem::size_of::<libc::sockaddr_un>() as libc::socklen_t;
            cvt(f(&mut addr as *mut _ as *mut _, &mut len))?;
            SocketAddr::from_parts(addr, len)
        }
    }

    pub(super) fn from_parts(
        addr: libc::sockaddr_un,
        mut len: libc::socklen_t,
    ) -> io::Result<SocketAddr> {
        if len == 0 {
            // When there is a datagram from unnamed unix socket
            // linux returns zero bytes of address
            len = sun_path_offset(&addr) as libc::socklen_t; // i.e., zero-length address
        } else if addr.sun_family != libc::AF_UNIX as libc::sa_family_t {
            return Err(io::Error::new(
                io::ErrorKind::InvalidInput,
                "file descriptor did not correspond to a Unix socket",
            ));
        }

        Ok(SocketAddr { addr, len })
    }

    /// Returns `true` if the address is unnamed.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// A named address:
    ///
    /// ```no_run
    /// use std::os::unix::net::UnixListener;
    ///
    /// fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    ///     let socket = UnixListener::bind("/tmp/sock")?;
    ///     let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
    ///     assert_eq!(addr.is_unnamed(), false);
    ///     Ok(())
    /// }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// An unnamed address:
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::os::unix::net::UnixDatagram;
    ///
    /// fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    ///     let socket = UnixDatagram::unbound()?;
    ///     let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
    ///     assert_eq!(addr.is_unnamed(), true);
    ///     Ok(())
    /// }
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "unix_socket", since = "1.10.0")]
    pub fn is_unnamed(&self) -> bool {
        if let AddressKind::Unnamed = self.address() { true } else { false }
    }

    /// Returns the contents of this address if it is a `pathname` address.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// With a pathname:
    ///
    /// ```no_run
    /// use std::os::unix::net::UnixListener;
    /// use std::path::Path;
    ///
    /// fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    ///     let socket = UnixListener::bind("/tmp/sock")?;
    ///     let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
    ///     assert_eq!(addr.as_pathname(), Some(Path::new("/tmp/sock")));
    ///     Ok(())
    /// }
    /// ```
    ///
    /// Without a pathname:
    ///
    /// ```
    /// use std::os::unix::net::UnixDatagram;
    ///
    /// fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    ///     let socket = UnixDatagram::unbound()?;
    ///     let addr = socket.local_addr().expect("Couldn't get local address");
    ///     assert_eq!(addr.as_pathname(), None);
    ///     Ok(())
    /// }
    /// ```
    #[stable(feature = "unix_socket", since = "1.10.0")]
    pub fn as_pathname(&self) -> Option<&Path> {
        if let AddressKind::Pathname(path) = self.address() { Some(path) } else { None }
    }

    fn address(&self) -> AddressKind<'_> {
        let len = self.len as usize - sun_path_offset(&self.addr);
        let path = unsafe { mem::transmute::<&[libc::c_char], &[u8]>(&self.addr.sun_path) };

        // macOS seems to return a len of 16 and a zeroed sun_path for unnamed addresses
        if len == 0
            || (cfg!(not(any(target_os = "linux", target_os = "android")))
                && self.addr.sun_path[0] == 0)
        {
            AddressKind::Unnamed
        } else if self.addr.sun_path[0] == 0 {
            AddressKind::Abstract(&path[1..len])
        } else {
            AddressKind::Pathname(OsStr::from_bytes(&path[..len - 1]).as_ref())
        }
    }
}

#[stable(feature = "unix_socket", since = "1.10.0")]
impl fmt::Debug for SocketAddr {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        match self.address() {
            AddressKind::Unnamed => write!(fmt, "(unnamed)"),
            AddressKind::Abstract(name) => write!(fmt, "{} (abstract)", AsciiEscaped(name)),
            AddressKind::Pathname(path) => write!(fmt, "{:?} (pathname)", path),
        }
    }
}