(this tool has its own versioning scheme and works with all Rust versions)
The Rustup tool has become the recommended way to install Rust, and is advertised on our website. Its powers go further than that though, allowing you to manage various versions, components, and platforms.
To install Rust through Rustup, you can go to
https://www.rust-lang.org/install.html, which will let you know how to do
so on your platform. This will install both
rustup itself and the
To install a specific Rust version, you can use
$ rustup install 1.30.0
This works for a specific nightly, as well:
$ rustup install nightly-2018-08-01
As well as any of our release channels:
$ rustup install stable $ rustup install beta $ rustup install nightly
To update all of the various channels you may have installed:
$ rustup update
This will look at everything you've installed, and if there are new releases, will update anything that has one.
To set the default toolchain to something other than
$ rustup default nightly
To use a toolchain other than the default, use
$ rustup run nightly cargo build
There's also an alias for this that's a little shorter:
$ cargo +nightly build
If you'd like to have a different default per-directory, that's easy too! If you run this inside of a project:
$ rustup override set nightly
Or, if you'd like to target a different version of Rust:
$ rustup override set 1.30.0
Then when you're in that directory, any invocations of
will use that toolchain. To share this with others, you can create a
rust-toolchain file with the contents of a toolchain, and check it into
source control. Now, when someone clones your project, they'll get the
right version without needing to
override set themselves.
Rust supports cross-compiling to other targets, and Rustup can help you manage them. For example, to use MUSL:
$ rustup target add x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
And then you can
$ cargo build --target=x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
To see the full list of targets you can install:
$ rustup target list
Components are used to install certain kinds of tools. While
has you covered for most tools, some tools need deep integration into the
compiler. Rustup knows exactly what version of the compiler you're using, and
so it's got just the information that these tools need.
Components are per-toolchain, so if you want them to be available to more
than one toolchain, you'll need to install them multiple times. In the
following examples, add a
--toolchain flag, set to the toolchain you
want to install for,
nightly for example. Without this flag, it will
install the component for the default toolchain.
To see the full list of components you can install:
$ rustup component list
Next, let's talk about some popular components and when you might want to install them.
This first component is installed by default when you install a toolchain. It contains a copy of Rust's documentation, so that you can read it offline.
This component cannot be removed for now; if that's of interest, please comment on this issue.
rust-src component can give you a local copy of Rust's source code. Why
might you need this? Well, autocompletion tools like Racer use this
information to know more about the functions you're trying to call.
$ rustup component add rust-src
There are several components in a "preview" stage. These components currently
-preview in their name, and this indicates that they're not quite 100%
ready for general consumption yet. Please try them out and give us feedback,
but know that they do not follow Rust's stability guarantees, and are still
actively changing, possibly in backwards-incompatible ways.
If you'd like to have your code automatically formatted, you can install this component:
$ rustup component add rustfmt-preview
This will install two tools,
cargo-fmt, that will reformat your
code for you! For example:
$ cargo fmt
will reformat your entire Cargo project.
Many IDE features are built off of the
protocol. To gain support for Rust with these IDEs,
you'll need to install the Rust language sever, aka the "RLS":
$ rustup component add rls-preview
Your IDE should take it from there.
For even more lints to help you write Rust code, you can install
$ rustup component add clippy-preview
This will install
cargo-clippy for you:
$ cargo clippy
For more, check out clippy's documentation.
If you'd like to use the
lld linker, or other tools like
llvm-objcopy, you can install this component:
$ rustup component add llvm-tools-preview
This is the newest component, and so doesn't have good documentation at the moment.