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//! Standard library macros
//!
//! This module contains a set of macros which are exported from the standard
//! library. Each macro is available for use when linking against the standard
//! library.

#[doc(include = "../../core/src/macros/panic.md")]
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(libstd_sys_internals)]
macro_rules! panic {
    () => ({ $crate::panic!("explicit panic") });
    ($msg:expr) => ({ $crate::rt::begin_panic($msg) });
    ($msg:expr,) => ({ $crate::panic!($msg) });
    ($fmt:expr, $($arg:tt)+) => ({
        $crate::rt::begin_panic_fmt(&$crate::format_args!($fmt, $($arg)+))
    });
}

/// Prints to the standard output.
///
/// Equivalent to the [`println!`] macro except that a newline is not printed at
/// the end of the message.
///
/// Note that stdout is frequently line-buffered by default so it may be
/// necessary to use [`io::stdout().flush()`][flush] to ensure the output is emitted
/// immediately.
///
/// Use `print!` only for the primary output of your program. Use
/// [`eprint!`] instead to print error and progress messages.
///
/// [flush]: crate::io::Write::flush
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if writing to `io::stdout()` fails.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// use std::io::{self, Write};
///
/// print!("this ");
/// print!("will ");
/// print!("be ");
/// print!("on ");
/// print!("the ");
/// print!("same ");
/// print!("line ");
///
/// io::stdout().flush().unwrap();
///
/// print!("this string has a newline, why not choose println! instead?\n");
///
/// io::stdout().flush().unwrap();
/// ```
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(print_internals)]
macro_rules! print {
    ($($arg:tt)*) => ($crate::io::_print($crate::format_args!($($arg)*)));
}

/// Prints to the standard output, with a newline.
///
/// On all platforms, the newline is the LINE FEED character (`\n`/`U+000A`) alone
/// (no additional CARRIAGE RETURN (`\r`/`U+000D`)).
///
/// Use the [`format!`] syntax to write data to the standard output.
/// See [`std::fmt`] for more information.
///
/// Use `println!` only for the primary output of your program. Use
/// [`eprintln!`] instead to print error and progress messages.
///
/// [`std::fmt`]: crate::fmt
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if writing to [`io::stdout`] fails.
///
/// [`io::stdout`]: crate::io::stdout
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// println!(); // prints just a newline
/// println!("hello there!");
/// println!("format {} arguments", "some");
/// ```
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "rust1", since = "1.0.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(print_internals, format_args_nl)]
macro_rules! println {
    () => ($crate::print!("\n"));
    ($($arg:tt)*) => ({
        $crate::io::_print($crate::format_args_nl!($($arg)*));
    })
}

/// Prints to the standard error.
///
/// Equivalent to the [`print!`] macro, except that output goes to
/// [`io::stderr`] instead of [`io::stdout`]. See [`print!`] for
/// example usage.
///
/// Use `eprint!` only for error and progress messages. Use `print!`
/// instead for the primary output of your program.
///
/// [`io::stderr`]: crate::io::stderr
/// [`io::stdout`]: crate::io::stdout
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if writing to `io::stderr` fails.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// eprint!("Error: Could not complete task");
/// ```
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "eprint", since = "1.19.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(print_internals)]
macro_rules! eprint {
    ($($arg:tt)*) => ($crate::io::_eprint($crate::format_args!($($arg)*)));
}

/// Prints to the standard error, with a newline.
///
/// Equivalent to the [`println!`] macro, except that output goes to
/// [`io::stderr`] instead of [`io::stdout`]. See [`println!`] for
/// example usage.
///
/// Use `eprintln!` only for error and progress messages. Use `println!`
/// instead for the primary output of your program.
///
/// [`io::stderr`]: crate::io::stderr
/// [`io::stdout`]: crate::io::stdout
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if writing to `io::stderr` fails.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```
/// eprintln!("Error: Could not complete task");
/// ```
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "eprint", since = "1.19.0")]
#[allow_internal_unstable(print_internals, format_args_nl)]
macro_rules! eprintln {
    () => ($crate::eprint!("\n"));
    ($($arg:tt)*) => ({
        $crate::io::_eprint($crate::format_args_nl!($($arg)*));
    })
}

/// Prints and returns the value of a given expression for quick and dirty
/// debugging.
///
/// An example:
///
/// ```rust
/// let a = 2;
/// let b = dbg!(a * 2) + 1;
/// //      ^-- prints: [src/main.rs:2] a * 2 = 4
/// assert_eq!(b, 5);
/// ```
///
/// The macro works by using the `Debug` implementation of the type of
/// the given expression to print the value to [stderr] along with the
/// source location of the macro invocation as well as the source code
/// of the expression.
///
/// Invoking the macro on an expression moves and takes ownership of it
/// before returning the evaluated expression unchanged. If the type
/// of the expression does not implement `Copy` and you don't want
/// to give up ownership, you can instead borrow with `dbg!(&expr)`
/// for some expression `expr`.
///
/// The `dbg!` macro works exactly the same in release builds.
/// This is useful when debugging issues that only occur in release
/// builds or when debugging in release mode is significantly faster.
///
/// Note that the macro is intended as a debugging tool and therefore you
/// should avoid having uses of it in version control for long periods.
/// Use cases involving debug output that should be added to version control
/// are better served by macros such as [`debug!`] from the [`log`] crate.
///
/// # Stability
///
/// The exact output printed by this macro should not be relied upon
/// and is subject to future changes.
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if writing to `io::stderr` fails.
///
/// # Further examples
///
/// With a method call:
///
/// ```rust
/// fn foo(n: usize) {
///     if let Some(_) = dbg!(n.checked_sub(4)) {
///         // ...
///     }
/// }
///
/// foo(3)
/// ```
///
/// This prints to [stderr]:
///
/// ```text,ignore
/// [src/main.rs:4] n.checked_sub(4) = None
/// ```
///
/// Naive factorial implementation:
///
/// ```rust
/// fn factorial(n: u32) -> u32 {
///     if dbg!(n <= 1) {
///         dbg!(1)
///     } else {
///         dbg!(n * factorial(n - 1))
///     }
/// }
///
/// dbg!(factorial(4));
/// ```
///
/// This prints to [stderr]:
///
/// ```text,ignore
/// [src/main.rs:3] n <= 1 = false
/// [src/main.rs:3] n <= 1 = false
/// [src/main.rs:3] n <= 1 = false
/// [src/main.rs:3] n <= 1 = true
/// [src/main.rs:4] 1 = 1
/// [src/main.rs:5] n * factorial(n - 1) = 2
/// [src/main.rs:5] n * factorial(n - 1) = 6
/// [src/main.rs:5] n * factorial(n - 1) = 24
/// [src/main.rs:11] factorial(4) = 24
/// ```
///
/// The `dbg!(..)` macro moves the input:
///
/// ```compile_fail
/// /// A wrapper around `usize` which importantly is not Copyable.
/// #[derive(Debug)]
/// struct NoCopy(usize);
///
/// let a = NoCopy(42);
/// let _ = dbg!(a); // <-- `a` is moved here.
/// let _ = dbg!(a); // <-- `a` is moved again; error!
/// ```
///
/// You can also use `dbg!()` without a value to just print the
/// file and line whenever it's reached.
///
/// Finally, if you want to `dbg!(..)` multiple values, it will treat them as
/// a tuple (and return it, too):
///
/// ```
/// assert_eq!(dbg!(1usize, 2u32), (1, 2));
/// ```
///
/// However, a single argument with a trailing comma will still not be treated
/// as a tuple, following the convention of ignoring trailing commas in macro
/// invocations. You can use a 1-tuple directly if you need one:
///
/// ```
/// assert_eq!(1, dbg!(1u32,)); // trailing comma ignored
/// assert_eq!((1,), dbg!((1u32,))); // 1-tuple
/// ```
///
/// [stderr]: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_streams#Standard_error_(stderr)
/// [`debug!`]: https://docs.rs/log/*/log/macro.debug.html
/// [`log`]: https://crates.io/crates/log
#[macro_export]
#[stable(feature = "dbg_macro", since = "1.32.0")]
macro_rules! dbg {
    () => {
        $crate::eprintln!("[{}:{}]", $crate::file!(), $crate::line!());
    };
    ($val:expr) => {
        // Use of `match` here is intentional because it affects the lifetimes
        // of temporaries - https://stackoverflow.com/a/48732525/1063961
        match $val {
            tmp => {
                $crate::eprintln!("[{}:{}] {} = {:#?}",
                    $crate::file!(), $crate::line!(), $crate::stringify!($val), &tmp);
                tmp
            }
        }
    };
    // Trailing comma with single argument is ignored
    ($val:expr,) => { $crate::dbg!($val) };
    ($($val:expr),+ $(,)?) => {
        ($($crate::dbg!($val)),+,)
    };
}

#[cfg(test)]
macro_rules! assert_approx_eq {
    ($a:expr, $b:expr) => {{
        let (a, b) = (&$a, &$b);
        assert!((*a - *b).abs() < 1.0e-6, "{} is not approximately equal to {}", *a, *b);
    }};
}